english - practical english grammar

Competitive Exams - English

Practical English Grammar

MCQ
Notes

the verb


The verb, the fourth of the eight parts of speech, is an action word. Since all
good writing starts with strong verbs, this part of speech is very important.

The three basic types of verbs are the following:

➲ The action verb tells what action the sentence’s subject (or doer) per-
forms, is performing, has performed, or will perform.

Our lawyer speaks frequently with her clients.
This lawyer has spoken with some clients this week.
These attorneys will be speaking soon.

➲ The linking verb connects (or links) a subject (or doer) to a noun, pro-
noun, or adjective in the sentence. The words that follow a linking verb
answer the question ‘‘What?’’

Common linking verbs are am, is, are, was, be, being, appear, grow,
seem, smell, stay, taste, turn, sound, remain, look, feel, and become.

These chickens are hungry.
Selena is the club president.

Note: To tell the difference between an action verb and a linking verb,
substitute a form of the verb be. If the new sentence seems logical, the
verb that you replaced is probably a linking verb.

Sylvia sounded the alarm. (action verb)
Sylvia sounded nervous. (linking verb)

➲ The helping verb assists the main verb in a sentence. One or more
helping verbs can assist the main verb. If a sentence is a question,
answer the question, and the helping verb will precede the main verb.

This mechanic will repair the auto this morning.
These mechanics will be inspecting the auto this afternoon.
Has the mechanic spoken with you yet?

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Notes


Practical English Grammar - Notes
1. compound subjects part two
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2. Quotation Marks Part Three
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3. Italics Hyphens and Brackets
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4. the object of the preposition
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5. the participle and participial phrase
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6. what good writers do
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7. complete and simple predicates
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8. introducing clauses
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9. the verb phrase
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10. the pronoun
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11. the adverb
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12. the noun clause
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13. compound subject and compound predicate
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14. the direct object
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15. introducing phrases
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16. the adjective
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17. The nominative case
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18. The possessive case
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19. the gerund and gerund phrase
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20. the adjective clause
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21. Confusing usage words part three
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22. Second Capitalization List
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23. types of sentences by purpose
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24. the interjection
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25. subject complements predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives
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26. types of nouns
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27. the noun adjective pronoun question
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28. the preposition
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29. The coordinating conjunction
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30. Confusing usage words part one
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31. Confusing usage words part six
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32. Active and passive voices
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33. More subject verb agreement situations
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34. the correlative conjunction
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35. the indirect object
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36. the adverb phrase
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37. the appositive
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38. the adverb clause
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39. Indefinite pronouns and the possessive case
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40. Parentheses Ellipsis Marks and Dashes
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41. complete and simple subjects
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42. the adjective phrase
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43. the verb
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44. sentences fragments and run on sentences
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45. Confusing usage words part eight
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46. Sound alike words part one
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47. Sound a like words Part Two
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48. Commas Part Two
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49. Commas Part Five
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50. the noun
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