english - practical english grammar

Competitive Exams - English

Practical English Grammar

MCQ
Notes

introducing clauses


A clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a verb. Any simple
sentence is a clause. Unlike phrases, clauses include both a subject and a verb.
The specific types of clauses are the following:
➲ A main or independent clause is a group of words that can stand
alone. ‘‘Jeremiah was a bullfrog’’ is such a clause.

➲ A subordinate or dependent clause is a group of words that
cannot stand alone. This clause needs to be accompanied by a main
or independent clause to make sense. In the sentence, ‘‘Moe went to
the department store after she finished her drawings,’’ the subordinate
or dependent clause is after she finished her drawings, and the main or
independent clause is Moe went to the department store.

The three types of subordinate or dependent clauses are these:

➲ The adverb clause is a group of words that functions as an adverb.
In the sentence, ‘‘While Nick was riding his bike, he saw his friends
walking along the street,’’ the adverb clause is While Nick was riding
his bike.

➲ The adjective clause is a group of words that functions as an adjective.
In the sentence, ‘‘Doris is the woman who designed the mural,’’ the
adjective clause who designed the mural describes the woman.

➲ The noun clause is a group of words that functions as a noun. In the
sentence, ‘‘This is what the doctor recommended to me,’’ the noun
clause is what the doctor recommended to me. The clause functions as a
predicate nominative.

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Notes


Practical English Grammar - Notes
1. compound subjects part two
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2. Quotation Marks Part Three
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3. Italics Hyphens and Brackets
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4. the object of the preposition
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5. the participle and participial phrase
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6. what good writers do
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7. complete and simple predicates
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8. the adverb
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9. introducing clauses
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10. the noun clause
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11. compound subject and compound predicate
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12. the direct object
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13. the verb phrase
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14. the pronoun
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15. the adjective
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16. The nominative case
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17. The possessive case
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18. the gerund and gerund phrase
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19. the adjective clause
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20. Confusing usage words part three
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21. Second Capitalization List
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22. types of sentences by purpose
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23. the interjection
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24. introducing phrases
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25. types of nouns
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26. The coordinating conjunction
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27. subject complements predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives
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28. the noun adjective pronoun question
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29. Confusing usage words part one
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30. Confusing usage words part six
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31. More subject verb agreement situations
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32. the preposition
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33. the correlative conjunction
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34. the adverb phrase
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35. the appositive
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36. the adverb clause
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37. Indefinite pronouns and the possessive case
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38. Active and passive voices
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39. Parentheses Ellipsis Marks and Dashes
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40. complete and simple subjects
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41. the indirect object
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42. the adjective phrase
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43. the verb
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44. sentences fragments and run on sentences
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45. Confusing usage words part eight
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46. Sound alike words part one
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47. Sound a like words Part Two
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48. Commas Part Two
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49. Commas Part Five
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50. the noun
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