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Practical English Grammar


the participle and participial phrase

‚ě≤ A word that looks like a verb, but functions as an adjective, is a
participle. A participle is a type of verbal, a word that is formed from
a verb, but functions as another part of speech. Common endings for
participles are -ing (reading), -ed (returned), -en (broken), -d (said),
-t (lent), and -n (woven).

Each italicized word in these sentences is a participle.
Momís puzzling answer confused us.
These squandered opportunities will not come again soon.
This forgotten soldier will be honored by the townspeople
next weekend.
The paid workers were happy with their salaries.
Steveís unsent messages were still stored in his computer.
A driven athlete will push herself to the limit.

‚ě≤ A participial phrase consists of the participle, its modifiers, and other
words needed to complete the idea begun by the participle. This type of
phrase generally follows immediately after or right before the noun
it describes.
The participial phrase is underlined in each sentence.
Leaving the press conference, the politician felt confident about
her answers.
A memo sent to all the employees was well received.
The teacherís best lesson delivered to his eighth graders dealt with
literary allusions.
My dadís present, bought by his sisters, was a gold watch.
Acclaimed by many critics as the yearís best movie, The Sound of
Music won many awards.
The Sound of Music, acclaimed by many critics as the yearís
best movie
, won many awards.

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Practical English Grammar - Notes
1. compound subjects part two
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2. Quotation Marks Part Three
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3. Italics Hyphens and Brackets
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4. the object of the preposition
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5. what good writers do
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6. the participle and participial phrase
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7. complete and simple predicates
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8. the noun clause
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9. compound subject and compound predicate
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10. the direct object
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11. the verb phrase
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12. the pronoun
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13. the adverb
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14. The nominative case
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15. the gerund and gerund phrase
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16. the interjection
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17. introducing phrases
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18. the adjective
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19. The possessive case
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20. introducing clauses
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21. the adjective clause
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22. Confusing usage words part three
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23. Second Capitalization List
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24. types of sentences by purpose
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25. subject complements predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives
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26. types of nouns
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27. the noun adjective pronoun question
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28. Confusing usage words part one
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29. Confusing usage words part six
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30. More subject verb agreement situations
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31. the preposition
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32. The coordinating conjunction
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33. the correlative conjunction
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34. Indefinite pronouns and the possessive case
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35. Parentheses Ellipsis Marks and Dashes
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36. the indirect object
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37. the adjective phrase
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38. the verb
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39. sentences fragments and run on sentences
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40. the adverb phrase
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41. the adverb clause
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42. Active and passive voices
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43. Commas Part Two
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44. complete and simple subjects
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45. the noun
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46. personal pronouns
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47. irregular verbs part two
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48. the appositive
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49. Confusing usage words part eight
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50. Sound alike words part one
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