english - practical english grammar

Competitive Exams - English

Practical English Grammar

MCQ
Notes

introducing phrases


A phrase is a related group of words that functions as a part of speech and
does not contain both a subject and a verb. ➲ Verb phrases do not contain a subject. Examples of verb phrases
include has been laughing, will remain, and does believe.

Prepositional phrases, such as the adjective phrase and the adverb
phrase, do not have a subject or a verb. Examples of prepositional
phrases are in the beginning, at the end, and after the trial.

Participial phrases function as adjectives. In the sentence, ‘‘Walking
home after the movie, Joe felt happy,’’ the participial phrase is
Walking home after the movie, and the participle is Walking.

Gerund phrases function as nouns. Gerund phrases can be used as
subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, indirect objects, and
objects of the preposition. In the sentence, ‘‘Walking home from the
movies was a good time for Joe and his friends,’’ the gerund phrase used
as a subject is Walking home from the movies.

Infinitive phrases function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. In the
sentence, ‘‘To beat the old record was Nina’s goal,’’ the infinitive phrase
is To beat the old record, and the infinitive is To beat.

Appositive phrases describe or identify another noun or pronoun
in the sentence. In the sentence, ‘‘Lake Harris, our favorite vacation
spot, is off the beaten path,’’ the appositive is spot, and the appositive
phrase is our favorite vacation spot.

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Notes


Practical English Grammar - Notes
1. compound subjects part two
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2. Quotation Marks Part Three
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3. Italics Hyphens and Brackets
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4. the object of the preposition
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5. the participle and participial phrase
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6. what good writers do
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7. complete and simple predicates
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8. introducing clauses
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9. the verb phrase
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10. the pronoun
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11. the adverb
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12. the noun clause
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13. compound subject and compound predicate
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14. the direct object
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15. the adjective
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16. The nominative case
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17. The possessive case
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18. the gerund and gerund phrase
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19. the adjective clause
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20. Confusing usage words part three
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21. Second Capitalization List
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22. types of sentences by purpose
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23. the interjection
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24. introducing phrases
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25. types of nouns
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26. The coordinating conjunction
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27. subject complements predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives
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28. the noun adjective pronoun question
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29. Confusing usage words part one
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30. Confusing usage words part six
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31. More subject verb agreement situations
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32. the preposition
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33. the correlative conjunction
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34. the indirect object
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35. the adverb phrase
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36. the appositive
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37. the adverb clause
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38. Indefinite pronouns and the possessive case
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39. Active and passive voices
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40. Parentheses Ellipsis Marks and Dashes
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41. complete and simple subjects
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42. the adjective phrase
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43. the verb
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44. sentences fragments and run on sentences
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45. Confusing usage words part eight
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46. Sound alike words part one
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47. Sound a like words Part Two
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48. Commas Part Two
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49. Commas Part Five
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50. the noun
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