History

The Making of a Global World

Question:

Write any three factors responsible for indentured labour migration from India. [CBSE Sept. 2010. 2013]

Answer:

(i) Most Indian indentured workers came from the present day regions of eastern Uttar Pradesh. Bihar. Central India and the dry- districts of Tamil Nadu. In the mid-nineteenth century these regions experienced many changes – cottage industries declined, land rents rose, lands were cleared for mines and plantations. All this affected the lives of the poor, they failed to pay then rents, became deeply indebted.
(ii) On the other hand workers were required in other countries for plantations, mines, road and railway construction projects.
(iii) In hope for better future in other countries many workers from India started migrated in other countries.

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The Making of a Global World

Q 1.

What changed the world profoundly in the 19th century ?

Q 2.

What is NIF.O ?
Or
Why did Group 77 countries demand a New International Economic Order ? Explain. [CBSE 2009 (D). Sept, 2010]
Or
Why did most of the developing countries organise themselves as a group the Group of 77 (G-77) ? [CBSE 2012)

Q 3.

Before the arrival of outsiders most of the Africans had a little reason to work for a wage’. Give reasons.

Q 4.

The First World War was a war like no other before. Justify.

Q 5.

What was Henry Ford's best cost cutting decision ?

Q 6.

Give two examples from history to show the impact of technology on food availability.

Q 7.

Write a short note on Sir Henry Morton Stanley.

Q 8.

Colonialism during the late 19th century discuss.

Q 9.

Give two examples from history to show the impact of Science and Technology on food availability.

Q 10.

Explain the impacts of scrapping of the Corn Law. [CBSE Sept, 2010, 2014]
Or
What was the result of the abolishing of Corn Laws? [CBSE Sept, 2010, 2012]

Q 11.

Explain the impact of the First World War on Britain.
Or
How did the First World War change the economic life of the people in Britain ? Explain. [CBSE 2008 (D)]
Or
Describe in brief the world economic conditions of the post First World War period. [CBSE 2010 (D), Sept. 2012, 2013]

Q 12.

Explain the consequences of the Second World War.
Or
Describe in brief the destruction caused during the Second World War. [CBSE 2010 (O), Sept. 2012]

Q 13.

What is meant by the Bretton Woods Agreement ? Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2010. 2011]

Q 14.

Define the term ‘Trade Surplus’. How was the income received from trade surplus with India used by Britain? [CBSE 2010, 2012, 2011]

Q 15.

How did Henry Ford revolutionise mass production in the US ? Explain. [CBSE 2012]

Q 16.

India played a crucial role in the late 19th century world economy”. Explain. [CBSE 2014]

Q 17.

Why thousands of people fled Europe for America in the 19th century ?
Or
Why did thousands of people flee away from Europe to America in the 19th century ? Give any three reasons. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 18.

Economists of the 19th century identify three types of movements or ‘flows’ within international economic exchanges.” Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2011. 2012]

Q 19.

Why did the European employers find it difficult to recruit labour in Africa ? Give two methods they used to recruit and retain labour. [CBSE 2011)
Or
Why was there a shortage of labour willing to work for wages in Africa in the 1890s ? How did Europeans try to recruit and retain labour ? Explain any two methods. [CBSE 2012]
Or
What methods were used by the European employers to recruit and retain the African labourers ?

Q 20.

Name the countries involved in the First World War.

Q 21.

Mention the impact of the First World War on agricultural economies.

Q 22.

What was the most powerful weapon of the Spanish conqueror to colonise America ?

Q 23.

Which two countries were among the world's richest until the 18th century ?

Q 24.

Mention any two factors which were responsible for price rise of food grains in Britain in the late 18th century.

Q 25.

Name the countries which wore exporting food grains to Britain.

Q 26.

Name any four colonial powers of the 19th century.

Q 27.

Why were European attracted to Africa in die late 19th century ? Give one reason.

Q 28.

How were the indentured workers exploited by the recruiting agents ?

Q 29.

Name any two Indian groups of bankers who financed export agriculture in Central and South-east Asia.

Q 30.

Define ‘trade surplus’. Why Britain had a trade surplus with India ? [CBSE Sept. 2014]

Q 31.

What was mass production ? Who was pioneer of mass production ? [CBSE 2014]

Q 32.

Name the movement launched by Gandhiji during the Great Depression of 1929.

Q 33.

What was the main aim of the post-war international economic system in the world ?

Q 34.

What is G-77 ?

Q 35.

"Food offers many examples of long distance cultural exchange."Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2011]
Or
Assess with examples the contribution of food to the process of globalisation of the early periods. [CBSE 2012]

Q 36.

The Portuguese and Spanish used all ethical and unethical methods to colonise America”. Justify.
Or
How were the germs used as a powerful weapon by the Portuguese and the Spanish for the colonisation of America ?

Q 37.

Why were the Corn Laws scrapped ? Explain any three reasons.[CBSE Comp. (D) 2008, 2009 (F), Sept. 2011]

Q 38.

Give two examples of different types of global exchanges which took place before the seventeenth century, choosing one example from Asia and one from the Americas.

Q 39.

What is meant by the Bretton Woods Agreement?

Q 40.

Write a brief note on the Irish Potato Famine'.

Q 41.

What is mass production and mass consumption?

Q 42.

Give two examples of different types of global exchanges which took place before the 17th century, choosing one example from Asia, and one from the America.

Q 43.

What was the impact of the Great Depression on USA ? Explain. [CBSE 2013]

Q 44.

Explain the role of technology in shaping the world economy of the 19th century. [CBSE 2010 (D)]
Or
What was the impact of technology on food availability ? Explain with the help of examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011, 2014]
Or
What was the role of technology in transforming in the 19th century world ? Explain with an example. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 45.

Highlight three main features of life of African people before the coming of Europeans. [CBSE 2013]

Q 46.

What were the main reasons for the attraction of Europeans to Africa ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2014]

Q 47.

Mention any four factors responsible for indentured labour.

Q 48.

India played a crucial role in the late 19th century world economy.” Explain by giving an example.
Or
What was the importance of the Indian trade for the Britishers ?
Or
How did India play a crucial role in the nineteenth century world economy ? Explain with examples. [CBSE Comp. (O) 2008]

Q 49.

What was mass production? Explain its impact on the world economy of earlier 20th century.

Q 50.

Define Rinderpest. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012]