The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China


What changes did Napoleon introduce to make the administrative system more efficient in the territories ruled by him?


Within the wide swathe of territory that came under his control, Napoleon set about introducing many of the reforms that he had already introduced in France. Through a return to monarchy Napoleon had, no doubt, destroyed democracy in France, but in the administrative field he had incorporated revolutionary principles in order to make the whole system more rational and efficient. The Civil Code of 1804 – usually known as the Napoleonic Code – did away with all privileges based on birth, established equality before the law and secured the right to property. This Code was exported to the regions under French control. In the Dutch Republic, in Switzerland, in Italy and Germany, Napoleon simplified administrative divisions, abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial dues. In the towns too, guild restrictions were removed. Transport and communication systems were improved. Peasants, artisans, workers and new businessmen enjoyed a new-found freedom. Businessmen and small-scale producers of goods, in particular, began to realise that uniform laws, standardised weights and measures, and a common national currency would facilitate the movement and exchange of goods and capital from one region to another


The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China

Q 1.

What were the major barriers to economic growth in Vietnam according to Bernard ?

Q 2.

Briefly trace the process of German unification.

Q 3.

Describe the French Revolution.

Q 4.

According to Ernst Renan what are the attributes of a nation?

Q 5.

Who was Paul Bernard ? What were his views regarding the development of colonies ?
Describe the views of Paul Bernard on the question of development of the colonies. Mention any three barriers to which were a hurdle in improving the economy of Vietnam.           [CBSE 2011]
How did Paul Bernard argue in favour of economic development of Vietnam ? Explain.     [CBSE 2015 (O)]

Q 6.

Why was the Tonkin Free School started in 1907 ?

Q 7.

Name the Vietnamian nationalist who wanted to establish a Democratic Republic in Vietnam ?

Q 8.

Describe the ideas behind the Tonkin Free School. To what extent was it a typical example of colonial ideas in Vietnam ?  [CBSE 2009 (F), 2013 (O)]

Q 9.

Write a note on Count Camillo de Cavour.

Q 10.

Explain the causes of the US involvement in the war in Vietnam. What effect did this involvement have on life within US itself ?  [CBSE March 2011 ]
“The war grew out of a fear among US policy planners that the victory of the Ho Chi Minh Government would start a domino effect.” Support the statement explaining three reasons. [CBSE 2012]

Q 11.

Explain the steps taken by the French in the field of education in Vietnam. What was their motive behind this ?  [CBSE March 2011]

Q 12.

(i) Why did the U.S. government decide to intervene in the Civil War in Vietnam  ?
(ii) What were its effects on the people of Vietnam ? [CBSE March 2012]
The phase of struggle between 1965-1972 with US was called brutal of Vietnamese. Explain the reasons. [CBSE 2014]

Q 13.

Give a brief note on the Napoleonic code.

Q 14.

How was nation visualized by artists?

Q 15.

The battle against the French colonial education became a part of the larger battle against colonialism and for the independence'. Explain.
The schools became an important place for political and cultural battles in Vietnam against French colonialism. Support the statement with examples.

Q 16.

What was rat hunt ? How was it contradictory to the civilising mission of the French ?

Q 17.

What was Scholar's Revolt ? Explain.  [CBSE 2015 (D)]

Q 18.

When was French Indo – China established ?       [CBSE 2011 ]

Q 19.

Mention any two steps which were taken by the French government to improve transportation in Vietnam.

Q 20.

What was Hoa Hao Movement ?

Q 21.

Why most of the Vietnamese intellectuals were against the introduction of French curriculam in the schools ?

Q 22.

Why was the Scholars Revolt launched ?

Q 23.

Who was the founder of Hoa Hao movement ?

Q 24.

Who was the author of The History of the Loss of Vietnam ?'

Q 25.

Who was Phan Chau Trinh ?

Q 26.

What was Viet Minh ?

Q 27.

Who was Bao Dai ?

Q 28.

What was the result of Geneva peace negotiation which took place after the defeat of the French forces in Vietnam ?

Q 29.

Who was Trieu Au ?

Q 30.

When did the conflict with the US end in Vietnam and how ?

Q 31.

Write a note on
(a) What was meant by the ‘civilizing mission' of the colonisers ?
(b) Huynh Phu So.

Q 32.

How has Vietnam become the third largest exporter of rice in the world during French colonialisation ? Explain four causes. [CBSE Comp. (D) 2008]

Q 33.

Write a note on Guiseppe Mazzini.

Q 34.

Write a note on The Greek war of independence.

Q 35.

How was education used as a weapon by the Vietnamese to fight against the colonialism ? Explain.

Q 36.

Who was Huynh Phu So ? Explain his role in arousing the anti-imperialist sentiments.

Q 37.

Early Vietnamese nationalists had close relationship with Japan and China'. ^ Explain by giving examples.[CBSE 2013 (D)]
Describe any five features of the Go East Movement'.

Q 38.

How was Vietnam unified ? Explain.  [CBSE 2012]

Q 39.

US entry into the war marked a new phase that proved costly to the Vietnamese as well as to the Americans.” Explain.                       [CBSE 2014]

Q 40.

Why were the Middle class so named?

Q 41.

What led to the spread of conservatism in Europe and what were its impacts?

Q 42.

What was the Romantic Imagination about a nation?

Q 43.

Describe any three steps taken by the French to develop agriculture in Vietnam.  [CBSE March 2012 (O), 2013 (D)]
Describe any five steps taken by the French for the development of the ‘Mekong Delta Region’.     [CBSE 2015 (O)]
What did France do to increase cultivation in Vietnam ? How did it affect the rice cultivation by 1931 ?      [CBSE 2014]
Describe the major steps taken by the French to develop agriculture in Vietnam.

Q 44.

There were two broad opinions on the new education policy introduced by the French in Vietnam'. Discuss.  [CBSE March 2011]
Explain the two opinions on the question  of the use of the French language as the medium of instruction in the French i  schools established for  the Vietnamese  in Vietnam. [CBSE 2010 (D)]
Why did some French policy makers in  Vietnam emphasis the need to use the French language as  the medium of    instruction ?   [CBSE 2015]

Q 45.

The US media and films played a major role in both supporting as well as criti ­cising the Vietnam war/ Explain.

Q 46.

Under what circumstances did the US enter the Vietnam war ? Explain.

Q 47.

What was the main motive of the French to develop the Infrastructural projects in Vietnam ? Explain how far did they succeed in their mission.  [CBSE 2010 (D), March 2011]

Q 48.

How did students in Vietnam fight against the colonial government's efforts to prevent Vietnamese from qualifying for white collar jobs' ? Explain.  [CBSE 2014(0)]

Q 49.

How was the maritime silk route useful for Vietnam ?   [CBSE 2015 (O)]

Q 50.

Name any one party formed by the students of Vietnam to fight against the colonial government ?