history - the nationalist movement in indo-china

Class 10 - History

The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China

Q&A
Question:

Describe any three steps taken by the French to develop agriculture in Vietnam.  [CBSE March 2012 (O), 2013 (D)]
Or
Describe any five steps taken by the French for the development of the ‘Mekong Delta Region’.     [CBSE 2015 (O)]
Or
What did France do to increase cultivation in Vietnam ? How did it affect the rice cultivation by 1931 ?      [CBSE 2014]
Or
Describe the major steps taken by the French to develop agriculture in Vietnam.

Answer:

(i) Building canals : The French began by building canals and draining land in the Mekong delta to increase cultivation. The vast system of irrigation works canals and earthworks – built mainly with forced labour, increased rice production.
(ii)  Building of ports : To export the surplus production French built ports. These ports were used to export the rice to the international market.
(iii) Increasing area under rice cultivation :
The area under rice cultivation went up from 274,000 hectares in 1873 to 1.1 million hectares in 1900 and 2.2 million in 1930. Vietnam exported two-thirds of its rice production and by 1931 had become the third largest exporter of rice in the world.
(iv) Construction of rail network :
Construction of a trans-Indo-China rail network that would link the northern and southern parts of Vietnam and China was begun. This final link with Yunan in China was completed by 1910. The second line was also built, linking Vietnam to Siam (as Thailand was then called), via the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh.
(v) Establishing rubber estates : Many new rubber estates owned by the French businessmen were established. Indentured Vietnamese labour was widely used in the rubber plantations.



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Questions and Answers


The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China - Questions
1.

Who launched the Scholars Revolt ?  CBSE 2014]


Answer
2.

How was nation visualized by artists?


Answer
3.

What were the highlights of the Treaty of Vienna 1815?


Answer
4.

Why was the Scholars Revolt launched ?


Answer
5.

Who was the founder of Revolutionary Society ?


Answer
6.

Explain the following –
(a) Only one-third of the students in Vietnam would pass the school-leaving examinations.
(b) The French began building canals and draining lands in the Mekong delta.
(c) The government made the Saigon Native Girls School take back the students it had expelled.  [CBSE 2014(D)]
Or
Why did a major protest erupt in 1926 in the Saigon Native Girls School in Vietnam ? Explain. [CBSE 2014]
Or
Describe the incident that took place in 1926 in Saigon Native Girls School.
[CBSE 2014]
(d) Rats were most common in the modern, newly built areas of Hanoi.


Answer
7.

Write a note on The Greek war of independence.


Answer
8.

Why were the Middle class so named?


Answer
9.

What was the Romantic Imagination about a nation?


Answer
10.

What were the major barriers to economic growth in Vietnam according to Bernard ?


Answer
11.

Name any two religions practiced in Vietnam.


Answer
12.

Who was Phan Boi Chau ?


Answer
13.

What steps did the French revolutionaries take to create a sense of collective identity among the French people?


Answer
14.

Who was Phan Chu Trinh ? How did he help in the modernisation of Vietnam ?  [CBSE March 2011]
Or
Explain any four ideas of Phan Chu Trinh. [CBSE March 2011, 2012, 2013(D), 2014(F)]
Or
Explain the features of the ideology of Phan Chu Trinh. [CBSE March 2011]
Or
Explain the ideas of Phan Chu Trinh to establish a democratic republic in Viet ­nam.                   [CBSE 2014]


Answer
15.

(i) Why did the U.S. government decide to intervene in the Civil War in Vietnam  ?
(ii) What were its effects on the people of Vietnam ? [CBSE March 2012]
Or
The phase of struggle between 1965-1972 with US was called brutal of Vietnamese. Explain the reasons. [CBSE 2014]


Answer
16.

What led to the spread of conservatism in Europe and what were its impacts?


Answer
17.

What was rat hunt ? How was it contradictory to the civilising mission of the French ?


Answer
18.

Who was the founder of Indo-Chinese Communist Party ?


Answer
19.

When did the conflict with the US end in Vietnam and how ?


Answer
20.

How did the textbooks represent Vietnamese during the period of French colonization ? Explain. [CBSE 2014]


Answer
21.

Explain the reasons for the French Colonisers to scrap the bounty programme for rat hunting in 1902-03. [CBSE 2014]
Or
What was the purpose to start ‘Rat Hunt’ programme by the French in Vietnam in 1902 ? How the purpose got defeated ?[CBSE 2012]
Or
Describe the ‘Rat Hunt’ activity introduced by the French in Vietnam. [CBSE 2015 (O)]


Answer
22.

Write a note on Frankfurt parliament.


Answer
23.

Briefly trace the process of German unification.


Answer
24.

Who were Marianne and Germania? What was the importance of the way in which they were portrayed?


Answer
25.

What changes did Napoleon introduce to make the administrative system more efficient in the territories ruled by him?


Answer
26.

Explain what is meant by the 1848 revolution of the liberals. What were the political, social and economic ideas supported by the liberals?


Answer
27.

How was education used as a weapon by the Vietnamese to fight against the colonialism ? Explain.


Answer
28.

Who was Phan Boi Chau ? Explain his role in arousing anti-imperialist sentiments.


Answer
29.

Early Vietnamese nationalists had close relationship with Japan and China'. ^ Explain by giving examples.[CBSE 2013 (D)]
Or
Describe any five features of the Go East Movement'.


Answer
30.

Give a brief note on the Napoleonic code.


Answer
31.

The battle against the French colonial education became a part of the larger battle against colonialism and for the independence'. Explain.
Or
The schools became an important place for political and cultural battles in Vietnam against French colonialism. Support the statement with examples.


Answer
32.

The US media and films played a major role in both supporting as well as criti ­cising the Vietnam war/ Explain.


Answer
33.

How did students in Vietnam fight against the colonial government's efforts to prevent Vietnamese from qualifying for white collar jobs' ? Explain.  [CBSE 2014(0)]


Answer
34.

When did Vietnam get its Freedom ?


Answer
35.

Mention any two steps which were taken by the French government to improve transportation in Vietnam.


Answer
36.

Mention the main base of colonial economy of Vietnam. [CBSE 2008 (D)]


Answer
37.

Name the countries which forms the Indo ­China.


Answer
38.

Why most of the Vietnamese intellectuals were against the introduction of French curriculam in the schools ?


Answer
39.

Name any two countries with which Vietnamese nationalists had a close relationship.


Answer
40.

Who was Sun Yat Sen ?


Answer
41.

Who was Phan Chau Trinh ?


Answer
42.

What was the result of Geneva peace negotiation which took place after the defeat of the French forces in Vietnam ?


Answer
43.

What was ordinance 10 ?


Answer
44.

Why US decided to intervene in Vietnam war ?


Answer
45.

Name any two films which were produced in USA on Vietnam War.


Answer
46.

Who were Trung sisters ?


Answer
47.

Why was conflict started in Vietnam against French colonizers in all areas of life ? Explain.                     [CBSE 2010 (D)]
Or
‘The French discriminated the Vietnamese in all areas of life.' Explain.


Answer
48.

‘The measures taken by the French to control the spread of bubonic plague in Hanoi created a serious problem.” Explain the statement.


Answer
49.

Education was used as a mode by the French to strengthen their rule in Vietnam whereas it was used as a weapon by the Vietnamese to fight against the colonalism'. Explain.
Or
How did the French seek to strengthen their rule in Vietnam through the control of education ?   [CBSE 2014]


Answer
50.

What were the values which played an important role in the victory of Vietnamese over the mighty USA ?


Answer