The Age of Industrialisation


Why was East India Company keen on expanding textile exports from India during the 1760 ? Explain any three reasons. [CBSE 2013]


(i) Consolidation of the Fast India Company’s power after the 1760s did not initially lead to a decline in textile export from India.
(ii) British cotton industries had not yet expanded.
(iii) Fine Indian textiles were in great demand in Europe.


The Age of Industrialisation

Q 1.

Name any four entrepreneurs of India who set factories during colonial period.

Q 2.

When was the first cotton mill established in Bombay ?

Q 3.

Name any two European Managing Agencies which controlled a large sector of the Indian industries. Describe any  three functions performed by such agencies. (CBSE 2013)

Q 4.

What were guilds ?

Q 5.

Name any three pre-colonial ports of India.

Q 6.

What was the result of the import of Manchester cloth to India ?

Q 7.

Assess the impact of the American Civil War on the plight of Weavers in India during second half at the 18th century.  [CBSE 2014]

Q 8.

Imagine that you have been asked to write an article for an encyclopaedia on Britain and the history of cotton. Write your piece using information from the entire chapter.

Q 9.

By the first decade of the 20th century, a series of changes affected the pattern of industrialisation in India. Explain.  [CBSE 2008. Sept. 2013]

Q 10.

Which industry was symbol of the new era ?

Q 11.

Name the ports which grew during the colonial period.

Q 12.

In the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries, the merchants from the towns in Europe began moving to the countryside.' Give reasons.
Explain any three major problems faced by the new European merchants in setting up their industries in towns before the Industrial Revolution. [CBSE 2008 (D) Sept. 2012]
What is meant by proto-industrialisation ? Why was it successful in the countryside in England in the 17th century ?  [CBSE Sept. 2008. 2011. 2012]
Throw light on production during the proto-industrialisation phase in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries with an example. [CBSF. Sept. 2010]

Q 13.

Who were the entrepreneurs or business groups in India during the 19th century ?

Q 14.

How did it change after the First World War ? [CBSE 2013]

Q 15.

Name the goods from India Which dominated the international market before the age of machine industries.

Q 16.

”Before establishing political power in Bengal and Carnatic in the 1760 and 1770s, the East India Company had found it difficult to ensure a regular supply of goods for export. Give reasons.

Q 17.

‘By I860. Indian weavers could not get sufficient supply of raw cotton of good quality.' Give reason.

Q 18.

During the first world war years industrial production in India boomed. Give reason.

Q 19.

Why did Industrial production in India increase during the First World War?

Q 20.

Write a brief note on the cotton Industry.

Q 21.

Write True or False against each statement:
(a) At the end of the 19th century, 80 per cent of the total workforce in Europe was employed in the technologically advanced industrial sector.
(b) The international market for textiles was dominated by India till the eighteenth century.
(c) The American Civil War resulted in the reduction of cotton exports from India.
(d) The introduction of the fly shuttle enabled the handloom workers to improve their productivity.

Q 22.

The proto-industrialisation helped in building a close relationship between the town and the countryside”. Explain.

Q 23.

Explain the major features of pre colonial trade and industries.

Q 24.

The process of industrialisation brought with it miseries for the newly emerged class of industrial workers.’ Explain.  [CBSE 2014]
Explain the miserable conditions of industrial workers in Britain during the nineteenth century. [CBSE 2009 lP]
How did the abundance of labour in the market affect the lives of the workers in Britain during the nineteenth century ? Explain with examples. [CBSE 2008 (O) Compt.]
Describe the lifestyle of the British workers of the nineteenth century. [CBSE 2010 IO). 2014]
Explain how the condition of the workers steadily declined in the early twentieth century Europe. [CBSE Sept. 2010. 2011]

Q 25.

Mention the major features of Indian textiles before the age of machine industries.

Q 26.

What is proto-industrialisation ?

Q 27.

How was proto-industrialisation different from factory production ?

Q 28.

Who created the cotton mill ? [CBSE 2014]

Q 29.

Who were Gomasthas ? [CASE 2014]

Q 30.

Name the European Managing agencies which controlled the large sector of Indian industries.

Q 31.

Name the provinces where most of the large-scale industries were located during the colonial period.

Q 32.

Write a brief note on the East India company.

Q 33.

When Manchester industrialists began selling cloth in India, they put labels with pictures on the cloth bundles. Why did they do so ? Explain.

Q 34.

Explain any five causes of industrial revolution in England. [CBSE 2013.2014]

Q 35.

What steps were taken by the East India Company to contiol the market of cotton and silk goods ? [CBSE 2009 (D)]
The establishment of political power by the East India Company resulted in ruination of the Indian weavers. Support the statement with suitable examples.  [CBSE 2012]

Q 36.

Who discovered the Spinning Jenny ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 37.

Name any two regions of colonial India which were famous for large-scale industries.

Q 38.

Why the pre-colonial ports i.e. Surat and Masulipatnam declined by the 1750's ?

Q 39.

Why there were clashes between weavers and gomasthas ?

Q 40.

When Indian manufacturers advertised, the nationalist message was clear and loud."What was the message ?

Q 41.

Why did some Industrialists in nineteenth-century Europe prefer hand labour over machines?

Q 42.

What were the benefits enjoyed by the villagers in the proto- industrial system.

Q 43.

What were the problems faced by the textile manufacturers in India in the late 1800s ?

Q 44.

What were the benefits enjoyed by the villagers in the proto- industrial system?

Q 45.

How did the East India Company procure regular supplies of cotton and silk textiles from the Indian weavers ?

Q 46.

Why did the upper class people prefer to use hand products in the Victorian period ? Explain with examples.
Why in Victorian Britain, the upper classes preferred things produced by hand ? Give three reasons. (CBSE Sept. 2010)

Q 47.

Who invented the steam engine ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 48.

What was Spinning Jenny ?

Q 49.

Which were the two most dynamic industries of Britain in the early 19th century ?

Q 50.

What was fly shuttle ?