history - print culture and the modern world

Class 10 - History

Print Culture and the Modern World

Q&A
Question:

Explain the common conviction of people in the mid-18th century about the books and print culture, [CBSE 2013]

Answer:

(i) By the mid-eighteenth century, there was a common conviction that books were a means of spreading progress and enlightenment.
(ii) Many believed that books could change the world, liberate society from despotism and tyranny, and herald a time when reason and intellect would rule.
(iii) Louise-sebastian Mercier, a novelist in Prance declared. “The printing press is most powerful engine of progress and public- opinion is the force that will sweep despotism away."



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Questions and Answers


Print Culture and the Modern World - Questions
1.

Who started publishing Sambad Kaumudi from 1821?


Answer
2.

Who wrote Gulamgiri ? (CBSE 2014)


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3.

Print popularised the ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers.' Explain. [CBSE 2014]
Or
How did ideas about science, reason and rationality find their way into popular literature in the 18th century Europe ?  [CBSE Sept. 2010]


Answer
4.

How was die print used to spread the religious texts by various communities ? Explain by giving examples.  [CBSE 2010 (F)]
Or
What was the main fear of the ‘Ulamas' ? State any two steps taken by the ‘Ulamas’ to defend their religion ? [CBSE 2013]
Or
How did religious communities in India make use of printing technology to spread their ideas ? Explain. [CBSE-2012]


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5.

What were ballads ? (CBSE 2014)


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6.

Name any two women novelist of the 19th century.


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7.

Who printed the first Tamil book ?


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8.

Explain the steps which were taken by the British government or the colonial government to control the freedom of press.


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9.

The printing press is the most powerful engine of progress and public opinion is the force that will sweep despotism away". Who said these words ?


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10.

What was Vernacular Press Act ? (CBSE 2014)


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11.

What was the attitude of people in India in the nineteenth century towards women reading? How did women respond to this?
[CBSE 2011]
Or
How did the practice of reading and writing increase among women in India in the 19th century. Support your answer with the help of examples. [CBSE 2013]


Answer
12.

What did the spread of print culture in 19th century mean to the Reformers ?


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13.

What did the spread of print culture in nineteenth century India mean to:
a) Women
b) The poor
c) Reformers.


Answer
14.

Explain how print culture assisted the growth of nationalism in India.


Answer
15.

By the 17th century, as urban culture Ans. bloomed in China, the uses of print diversified.’ Explain by giving examples.  [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Or
How did a new reading culture bloom in China ? Explain.


Answer
16.

How did the ideas of scientists and philosophers become more accessible to common people after the beginning of print revolution in Europe ? [CBSE Sept. 2010. 2012]


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17.

Print not only stimulate the publication of conflicting opinions amongst communities, but it also connected communities and people in different parts of India.' Explain. [CBSE 2008 (O), 2009 (D), Sept. 2011]
Or
How did print help connect communities and people in different parts of India ? Explain with examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]


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18.

Not everyone welcomed the printed books, and those who did also had fears about it.' Explain by giving examples.


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19.

Why did people in the eighteenth century Europe think that print culture would bring enlightenment and end despotism?  [CBSE 2011]


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20.

Which is the oldest book to be printed in Japan ?


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21.

Name the first book published by Johann Guttenbcrg.


Answer
22.

What was the role of cartoons and caricatures in the French Revolution ?


Answer
23.

When did the first printing press come to India?


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24.

Name the first Weekly that appeared in India. Who bought it out ? (CBSE 2014)


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25.

Which was first Indian newspaper ? By whom was it brought ?


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26.

Name any four Indian women writers of the 19th century.


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27.

What was the theme of the book Gulamgiri ?


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28.

Name an Act which was passed by the British government to keep a regular track of the vernacular newspapers.


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29.

’Liberty of speech … liberty of the press … freedom of association. The government of India is now seeking to crush the three powerful vehicles of expressing and cultivating public opinion, the fight for swaraj, for Khilafat … means a fight for this threatened freedom before all else….’
Who said these words ?


Answer
30.

Write about the different innovations in the printing technology during the 19th century ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]


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31.

Explain how the print culture assisted the growth of nationalism in India. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]


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32.

Mention any four social values which print culture promoted.


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33.

Analyse the impact of print revolution on religion. [CJBS £ 2012]


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34.

Study the given paragraph and answer the following questions that follow :
Liberty of speech…. liberty of the press freedom of association. The government of India is now seeking to crush the three powerful vehicles of expressing and cultivating public opinion. The fight for Swaraj, for Khilafat …. means a fight for this threatened freedom before all else ….'
(i) Who said these words ?

(ii) Name the freedoms he is talking about.


Answer
35.

The printing press is the most powerful engine of progress and public opinion and a force that will sweep despotism away.'


Answer
36.

What restrictions were imposed by the Vernacular Press Act on the Indian Press ? Explain. [CBSE-2011]
Or
In what ways the Vernacular Press Act of 1878 was a repressive step by the Government ? Explain. [CBSE-2011]


Answer
37.

Give reasons for the following:
a) Woodblock print only came to Europe after 1295.
b) Martin Luther was in favour of print and spoke out in praise of it.
c) The Roman Catholic Church began keeping an Index of Prohibited books from the mid-sixteenth century.
d) Gandhi said the fight for Swaraj is a fight for liberty of speech, liberty of the press, and freedom of association.


Answer
38.

Write short notes to show what you know about:
a) The Gutenberg Press
b) Erasmus's idea of the printed book
c) The Vernacular Press Act
c) The Vernacular Press Act


Answer
39.

State any three points of importance of penny chapbooks. [CBSE Sept. 2010.2011]
Or
Describe some of the new printed books which were sold by the pedlars in villages in the eighteenth century Europe.  [CBSE-2012, 2014]


Answer
40.

Explain any three features of handwritten manuscripts before the age of print in India. [CBSE Sept. 2010. 2011. 2012. 2013]


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41.

Why did the woodblock method become popular in Europe ? [CBSE 2015]
Or
What were the drawbacks of the handwritten manuscripts ?
Or
Mention the shortcomings of manuscripts. [CBSE Sept. 2011, 2012, 2014]


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42.

When was print technology introduced in Japan?


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43.

How did the print revolution influence the reading habit of the people of Europe?


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44.

Write a short note on Indian manuscripts.


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45.

Mass literacy increased many fold in the nineteenth century, in Europe. Women children and workers started reading books. Discuss.


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46.

What is calligraphy?


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47.

Who invented the letter press?


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48.

Who brought out the first Indian newspaper published in English?


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49.

How was sale of books promoted in small towns?


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50.

Mention some of the important characteristics of print culture of Japan.


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