Novels, Society and History


Write a note on:
a) The Oriya novel
b) Jane Austen's portrayal of women
c) The picture of the new middle class which the novel Pariksha-Guru portrays.


In 1877-78, Ramashankar Ray, serialised the first Oriya novel, Saudamani. Fakir Mohon Senapati , was another famous novelist from Orrisa. His novel Chaa Mana Atha Guntha, which means six acres and thirty-two decimals of land' deals with the Question of land and its possession.
It is the story of Ramchandra Mangaraj, a landlord's manager cheats his idle and drunken master and then eyes the plot of fertile land. This path breaking work showed that the novel could make rural issues an important part of urban preoccupations.
Novels began exploring the world of women. Many novels were about domestic life a theme which women were able to identify with Jane Austen, a famous woman novelist, wrote about the 18th century women in rural Britain. Her books portrayed a society which encouraged women to look for good' marriages and find wealthy or propertied husbands.
The Characters Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice are preoccupied with marriage and money. The novel starts with the line It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife.'
Srinivas Das's novel, Pariksha-Guru was published in 1882. This novel reflects the inner and outer world of the newly emerging middle classes. The characters in the novel find it difficult to adapt to the colonised society. They are keen on preserving their own cultural identity. The world of colonial modernity seems to be frightening and irresistible to the characters. The novel tries to teach the reader the right way' to live. It advises sensible men' to be worldly-wise and practical, to remain rooted in the values of their own tradition and culture.


Novels, Society and History

Q 1.

Which of the following novel was written by Potheri Kunjambu and deals with the caste oppression ? [CBSE. Sept. 2011,12]

Q 2.

Write a note on:
a) The Oriya novel
b) Jane Austen's portrayal of women
c) The picture of the new middle class which the novel Pariksha-Guru portrays.

Q 3.

Describe the earliest novels written in Bengali and Marathi. [CBSE 2013]

Q 4.

"Social changes in Britain led to an increase in women readers". Explain.
Explain the factors that led to women writing novels in Europe. [CBSE 2012]

Q 5.

What were the issues raised by the novel Indulekha written in Malayalam ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]
What led Chandu Menon to write Indulekha ? [CBSE Sept. 2011,2014]

Q 6.

What is a novel ?

Q 7.

What was impact of serialisation of a novel ?

Q 8.

Name some important novelists who use to write for the young generation.
Name some of the important novels for the young. [CBSE 2014]

Q 9.

Name a novelist who wrote for lower- castes.

Q 10.

Which was the first proper modem novel in Hindi ? What was its theme ?

Q 11.

Who wrote Anandmath ? [CBSE 2014]

Q 12.

Summarise the concern in both nineteenth- century Europe and India about women reading novels. What does this suggest about how women were viewed ?

Q 13.

In what ways was the novel In colonial India useful for both the colonisers as well as the nationalists?

Q 14.

What is meant by vernacular as a language?

Q 15.

How was the involvement of women, the most important event of the novel in the 18th century ? [CBSE Comp. (O) 2008]
How did novels explore and depict the world of women ? Explain it by giving examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010]
How was the New Women' portrayed in the novels of the 18th century? Explain [CBSE 2013]

Q 16.

How were the stories and prose not new to India ? Give three examples. [CBSE Comp. (O) 2008]

Q 17.

Differentiate between the novels written by Charlotte Bronte and the novels written by Jane Austen ? [CBSE 2013]

Q 18.

"Novels were useful to different sectors of the society."Support your answer with suitable examples.
Highlight any three contributions of novel to modern society. [CBSE 2014]

Q 19.

How were the modem Indian novels useful for the Indians in day to day life. [CBSE 2013]
"Indian novelists used the novel as a powerful medium to criticize the defects of the society."Justify the statement with the suitable examples. [CBSE 2013]
Explain any three reasons for making the novel popular in India. [CBSE 2014]

Q 20.

How did novel become a popular medium of entertainment among the middle class in India? Explain. [CBSE 2012]

Q 21.

Mention some important reasons for the popularity of the novels. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]
Explain, how did novels become a popular medium of entertainment among the middle class during the late nineteenth century in India. [CBSE 2010 (D), Sept. 2013]
Why were the novels widely read and become popular very quickly ? [CBSE Sept. 2011, 2012]
How did novels become popular among masses ? (CBSE 2013)
Assess the reasons for the popularity of the novel in Europe ? [CBSE 2012]

Q 22.

How did Charles Dickens focus on the life of the industrial workers and the terrible conditions of urban life in his novels ? Explain with examples. [CBSE 2008 (O)]
Explain the themes and issues of the . novels of Charles Dickens with examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Elaborate upon the contribution of Charles Dickens in the field of novel writing.  [CBSE-2012]
Novels of Charles Dickens deal with which changes of the 19th century Britain ? Mention any three such changes. [CBSE-2013]
Which type of problems were highlighted by the novelist, Charles Dickens through his novel? Explain from any of his two novels. [CBSE-2013]
Explain any three aspects highlighted by Charles Dickens in his novel "Hard Times". [CBSE-2012]

Q 23.

Novels had explained and focussed on the terrible conditions of urban life under industrial capitalism. Justify.

Q 24.

How did novels promote colonialism ? Explain with an example of a novel. [CBSE Sept. 2010]
What kind of novels were written for young boys in the 19th century ? Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2010]
How did novels make themselves relevant to young boys ? [CBSE Sept. 2011]
Explain any five features of novels written for the young in the last stage of 19 th century. [CBSE 2012]

Q 25.

How had the different novelists of the colonial period taken up the task of modernisation of the Indians ? Explain

Q 26.

Who was Vaikkom Muhammad Basheer? Mention some features of his writing. [CBSE Sept. 2012]

Q 27.

Describe the reasons of the popularity of novels among the women. [CBSE 2013, 2014]

Q 28.

Why were children prevented from reading novels ? Explain. (CBSE-2012)

Q 29.

Who is the author of novel "Titash Ekti Nadir Naam"? Why is it considered a special novel ? Explain any four reasons.  [CBSE 2013, 2014]
Or .
Who is the author of novel "Titash Ekti Nadir Naam"? Describe the theme of this novel. [CBSE 2012]

Q 30.

Describe the ways in which the novels in India attempted to create a sense of pan- Indian belonging. [CBSE Sept. 2011, 2014]
"Leading Indian novelists of the 19th century wrote for a National cause". Do you agree with the statement ? Justify your answer. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]
How did novels fulfill the task of nation building in India ? Explain. [CBSE 2012] Or
How did the novels in India encourage nationalism ? Explain any three points. [CBSE 2010]

Q 31.

Explain how the writings of Munshi Premchand promoted the sense of nationalism among the Indians.
How did the novels of Munshi Premchand promote the feeling of nationalism ? Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]

Q 32.

What are the main features of novel Sewasadan' written by Munshi Premchand? Mention any three. [CBSE 2012]

Q 33.

Mention any three features of Pickwick Papers.

Q 34.

"The novels bring together many cultures". Explain. [CBSE 2010, 11]
How did the novels bring together different cultures ?

Q 35.

Who is the writer of the novel Germinal ? What was the theme of the novel ?

Q 36.

How were the poor people, for a long time, excluded in the publishing market in eighteenth century Europe ? Explain any two reasons. [CBSE 2010 (D)]

Q 37.

Why did the readership of novel begin to include poorer people? Give any three reasons. [CBSE 2013]
"For a long time the publishing market excluded the poor."Give reasons for such an exclusion. [CBSE 2015]

Q 38.

Mention some important characteristics of novels which increased their popularity among the readers.

Q 39.

Explain the role of novelists in the field of social reforms in India with the help of any three examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 40.

What are major differences between a novel and a manuscript ?

Q 41.

Who was the author of Pickwick Papers which was serialised in 1836 ? [CBSE 2014]

Q 42.

Name a novelist who has written about terrible effects of industrialisation on people's lives and character.

Q 43.

Name any two most important novels written by Charles Dickens. What was the theme of the novels ?

Q 44.

Identify the person given in the image.

Q 45.

Who was the author of Mayor of Casterbridge ?

Q 46.

Which novel supplied the adventurous text for the young English population ? [CBSE 2014]

Q 47.

What was the theme of the novel Jane Eyre written by Charlotte Bronte?

Q 48.

"It is a truth universally accepted acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife". Name the novel and the author.

Q 49.

Who is the author of the novel "Robinson Crusoe ?

Q 50.

Who were the author's of the following  novels  ?