What is a Panchayati Raj ? What is its importance ? [CBSE 2008 (F)]


The rural local government is known as the Panchayati Raj.
Importance :
(i) It helps the people to directly participate in decision-making.
(ii) It helps in the decentralisation of power.
(iii) It reduces the burden of the central government.



Q 1.

The sharing of power between the Union government and the state governments is basic to the structure of the Indian Constitution'. Explain.

Q 2.

Mention any four major values which are reflected by federalism in India.

Q 3.

Name an Indian state which enjoys a special status.

Q 4.

Explain two achievements and two difficulties of the Icoal self-governments in India. [CBSE Comp. (O) 2008, Sept. 2011, 14]

Q 5.

What is federalism ? [CBSE 2014]

Q 6.

What is the importance of judiciary in a federal government ?

Q 7.

Critically analyse the Centre-State relations prior to 1990 and after. [CBSE 2013]

Q 8.

What is Panchayat Samiti ?

Q 9.

How judiciary acts as an umpire in a federal nation?

Q 10.

What is a State List ?

Q 11.

Mention the three tier system prevailing in India.

Q 12.

What are Union Territories ?

Q 13.

Mention any two subjects which are r included in the union list. Explain by giving reasons why these are included in  the union list.

Q 14.

Mention any two features of federalism.

Q 15.

What is a Union List ?

Q 16.

What is Gram Panchayat ?

Q 17.

What is Zila Parishad ?

Q 18.

Who is a Mayor ?

Q 19.

Which law will remain prevalent if there is any conflict over a subject mentioned in the Concurrent list?

Q 20.

Categorise the following under Union list or Concurrent list.
(i) Currency (ii) Education

Q 21.

Mention any four difficulties of the local government in India. [CBSE Comp. (O) 2008, Sept. 2010, 14]

Q 22.

How many languages have been recognised as scheduled languages?

Q 23.

What is decentralisation ? [CBSE 2014]

Q 24.

Who governs the Union Territories ?

Q 25.

Which two languages have been identified as the official languages? [CBSE 2014]

Q 26.

Mention any four features of federalism. [CBSE 2008, 2009 (O), Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012]
Explain four features of the federal form of government. [CBSE 2008 Comp. (O) (D)]

Q 27.

Explain the major key features of federalism.
Describe any four features of the federalism. [CBSE 2011, 14]

Q 28.

How are village Sarpanch or Panches elected?

Q 29.

What is the rationale for decentralization of power ? Describe the functions of Rural Local Government. [CBSE 2013]

Q 30.

There are two kinds of routes through which federations have been formed.' Name the two routes by giving one example of each.

Q 31.

"There is a need for power sharing within the states". Explain.

Q 32.

Why did the makers of our Constitution declare India to be a ‘Union of states’ ? Why were some sub-political units of India given a special status ? [CBSE 2012]

Q 33.

Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to any one feature that is different from that of  Belgium.

Q 34.

What is Unitary Government ?

Q 35.

Restructuring the Centre-State relations is an important way in which the Indian Federalism has been strengthened in practice.' Explain.

Q 36.

What is Gram Sabha ? Mention its functions.

Q 37.

Name the three tier government system in India. What steps have been taken by the government to make the third tier more powerful and effective ? [CBSE 2008(0)]
How has the third tier of government in our country been made more effective and powerful by the Constitutional Amendment of 1992 ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Explain any four provisions that have been made towards decentralisation in India after the constitutional amendment in 1992. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012]

Q 38.

Define :
(a) Gram Panchayat
(b) Panchayat Samiti
(c) Zila Parishad
(d) Mayor

Q 39.

Name any two holding together federation. [CBSE 2014]

Q 40.

Explain the values reflected by the principle of decentralisation in India.

Q 41.

Explain how the federal experiment has been successful in the matter of formation of states in India. [CBSE 2011]

Q 42.

Which is the highest tier of the Panchayati Raj ? Explain its composition.

Q 43.

What is a Concurrent List ?

Q 44.

Explain how law making powers are  shared between centre and states in India ? Mention three subjects each of Ans. Union List and State List. [CBSE 2013]
Describe the division of power between the central and the state governments in India. [CBSE 2011]
How are the powers divided between the states and centre ? Explain with examples.

Q 45.

Should Panchayats be given judicial power to punish the anti social elements of its area ? Give your suggestions with arguments. [CBSE 2014]

Q 46.

Why were the linguistic states created? What are their advantages ? [CBSE 2008 (Compt)]

Q 47.

Name any two examples of coming together federation. [CBSE 2014]

Q 48.

How is the Indian federal system different from that of Sri Lanka ? Explain by giving three examples.

Q 49.

Some subjects have been mentioned below. Categorise them into Union List, State List and Concurrent List.
(i) Education (ii) Currency (iii) Police (iv) Forest (v) Banking (vi) Communication

Q 50.

Explain the language policy of Indian Federal. How is it different from Sri Lanka ?
Write any four characteristics of language policy of India. [CBSE 2011]
Describe in brief the language policy of India. [CBSE 2010]