Civics

Democracy and Diversity

Question:

Examine two features of the social groups of each North Ireland and Netherlands. [CBSE Comp. 2008, 14]

Answer:

(i) Both are predominantly Christians but divided between Catholics and Protestants.
(ii) In Northern Ireland, class and religion overlap with each other. If you are Catholic, you are also more likely to be poor, and you may have suffered a history of discrimination.
(iii) In the Netherlands, class and religion tend to cut across each other. Catholics and Protestants are about equally likely to be poor or rich.
(iv) The result is that Catholics and Protestants have had conflicts in Northern Ireland, while they do not do so in the Netherlands.

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Democracy and Diversity

Q 1.

What was the Black Power Movement ?

Q 2.

Overlapping social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions.' Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2012]

Q 3.

What did Peter Norman do to show his support to the two American athletes ? What action was taken against him for his action ?

Q 4.

Every social difference does not lead to social division."Explain the statement. Suggest any two ways so that social differences do not lead to social divisions.

Q 5.

When does a social difference become a social division?

Q 6.

Mention any two factors responsible for origin of social differences.

Q 7.

Discuss three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions.

Q 8.

Three factors are crucial in deciding the outcome of politics of social divisions.' Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 9.

Give one example to show that we all have more than one identity and can belong to more than one social group.

Q 10.

What was Civil Rights Movement ?

Q 11.

Who were African-American ?

Q 12.

The medal ceremony of 1968 Mexico Olympic became a historical landmark. Explain by giving examples.

Q 13.

What are the origins of Social Differences?

Q 14.

___________ social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions. ____________ social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.

Q 15.

What difference does migration make to social homogeneity?

Q 16.

How do marginalised and deprived people react to social injustice ? Explain. [CBSE 2013]

Q 17.

Give two examples to show that political competition along religious and ethnic lines can lead to disintegration.

Q 18.

Hie combination of politics and social divisions is very dangerous and explosive as it may lead to conflict, violence or even disintegration of a country."Give one example.

Q 19.

The outcome of politics of social divisions depends on how people perceive their identities."Explain the statement with example. [CBSE 2013]

Q 20.

Social divisions of one kind or another exist in most countries.' Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2011, 2012]
Or
When does a social difference become a social division ? Explain any three situations. [CBSE 2013]

Q 21.

What moral values you have learnt from the action of Tommie Smith, John Carlos and Peter Norman ?

Q 22.

Who led the Civil rights movement in the USA?

Q 23.

What Is ethnic composition of Northern Netherland ?

Q 24.

In a democracy, political expression of social divisions is very normal, and can be healthy. ' Explain. [CBSE 2014]
Or
How is political expression of social divisions in democracy beneficial ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]
Or
"Assertion of social diversities in a country need not be seen as a source of danger."Explain. [CBSE 2010]

Q 25.

History shows that democracy is the best way to fight for recognition and also to accommodate diversity.''Justify.

Q 26.

Assertion of social diversities in a country need not be seen as a source of danger". Explain.

Q 27.

What is homogeneous society ? Give two examples.

Q 28.

Taking the examples at Carlos, Smith and Norman, explain how social differences divide similar people from one another but also unite very different people ?  [CBSE Sept. 2012]

Q 29.

Most of the social differences are based on accident of birth'. Explain.

Q 30.

What was Black Power Movement ? How was it different from the Civil Rights Movement ?
Or
Who was the leader of the Civil Rights Movement in USA ? Explain the importance of this movement. [CBSE 2013]

Q 31.

How are the social divisions reflected in politics ? Explain.

Q 32.

Explain the reasons of social differences. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012]
Or
Why do social differences emerge in society ? [CBSE 2014]

Q 33.

Explain the Civil Rights Movement in the USA.  [CBSE 2014]

Q 34.

We all have more than one identity and can belong to more than one social group."Discuss the statement with suitable examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Or
Explain the statement we have different identities in different contexts'. [CBSE 2011]

Q 35.

How did the three athletes, Tommie Smith, Johan Carlos and Peter Norman contribute to the Civil Rights Movements in US ? [CBSE 2010]

Q 36.

How are social divisions reflected in a democratic country ? Explain.

Q 37.

Discuss the role of political parties in the determination of the outcomes of social division. [CBSE 2013]

Q 38.

Explain the overlapping and cross-cutting differences. [CBSE Sept. 2012]
Or
Explain the cross-cutting differences with suitable examples. [CBSE 2012]

Q 39.

The silver medallist (Mexico Olympic 1968) Peter Norman wore a human rights badge on his shirt during the medal ceremony". Give reason.

Q 40.

Mention two similarities between Tommie Smith and John Carlos. [CBSE 2009 (D), 14]

Q 41.

What are the three important factors in the outcome of politics of social divisions?

Q 42.

Which kind of social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions ?

Q 43.

What type of society exists in Sweden and Germany ? [CBSE Comp. (O) 2008]

Q 44.

Reaction of the government to the demands of different groups is a crucial factor in determining the outcome of social divisions". Explain the statements.

Q 45.

The combination of politics and social divisions is very dangerous and explosive. It can make social divisions into political divisions and lead to conflict, violence or even disintegration of a country."Justify. [CBSE 2008, 2013]
Or
Explain with special reference to Northern Ireland the ways in which social divisions have resulted in violent and bitter ethno-political conflict. [CBSE 2013]

Q 46.

What is migration ? What is its impact ?

Q 47.

When does a social difference become a social division? Suggest any two ways to check it.

Q 48.

What are cross-cutting social differences ?

Q 49.

What action was taken by International Olympic Association against each of the three Olympians, Carlos, Smith and Norman Peter ? [CBSE 2013]

Q 50.

Examine two features of the social groups of each North Ireland and Netherlands. [CBSE Comp. 2008, 14]