civics - federalism

Class 10 - Civics

Federalism

Q&A
Question:

Mention any four features of federalism. [CBSE 2008, 2009 (O), Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012]
Or
Explain four features of the federal form of government. [CBSE 2008 Comp. (O) (D)]

Answer:

(i) The power is divided between a central authority and its various constituent units.
(ii) Different tiers of the government govern the same citizens.
(iii) The fundamental provisions of the government cannot be unilaterally changed by one level of government.
(iv) It has a dual objective, i.e., to safeguard and promote the unity of the country, and also to accommodate the regional diversity.



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Questions and Answers


Federalism - Questions
1.

There are two kinds of routes through which federations have been formed.' Name the two routes by giving one example of each.


Answer
2.

What are Union Territories ?


Answer
3.

"Belgium shifted from a unitary to a federal form of government". What key changes were brought in the political system under the above mentioned shift ?


Answer
4.

Mention any four difficulties of the local government in India. [CBSE Comp. (O) 2008, Sept. 2010, 14]


Answer
5.

What are the advantages of local governments ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]


Answer
6.

Explain the major key features of federalism.
Or
Describe any four features of the federalism. [CBSE 2011, 14]


Answer
7.

Distinguish between the Coming Together Federations and the Holding Together Federations. [CBSE 2012, 14J]


Answer
8.

Explain the language policy of Indian Federal. How is it different from Sri Lanka ?
Or
Write any four characteristics of language policy of India. [CBSE 2011]
Or
Describe in brief the language policy of India. [CBSE 2010]

 


Answer
9.

What is federalism ? [CBSE 2014]


Answer
10.

Categorise the following under Union list or Concurrent list.
(i) Currency (ii) Education


Answer
11.

What is Gram Panchayat ?


Answer
12.

Who is a Mayor ?


Answer
13.

How had federalism helped Belgium to solve the ethnic problem ?


Answer
14.

Some subjects have been mentioned below. Categorise them into Union List, State List and Concurrent List.
(i) Education (ii) Currency (iii) Police (iv) Forest (v) Banking (vi) Communication


Answer
15.

"Local governments have made a significant impact on Indian democracy. At the same time there are many difficulties."Explain. [CBSE 2012]


Answer
16.

Mention any two subjects which are r included in the union list. Explain by giving reasons why these are included in  the union list.


Answer
17.

The sharing of power between the Union government and the state governments is basic to the structure of the Indian Constitution'. Explain.


Answer
18.

Explain two achievements and two difficulties of the Icoal self-governments in India. [CBSE Comp. (O) 2008, Sept. 2011, 14]


Answer
19.

Explain how law making powers are  shared between centre and states in India ? Mention three subjects each of Ans. Union List and State List. [CBSE 2013]
Or
Describe the division of power between the central and the state governments in India. [CBSE 2011]
Or
How are the powers divided between the states and centre ? Explain with examples.


Answer
20.

What is Unitary Government ?


Answer
21.

The federal system has dual objective'. Mention the dual objectives.


Answer
22.

Mention the three tier system prevailing in India.


Answer
23.

Who governs the Union Territories ?


Answer
24.

What is decentralisation ? [CBSE 2014]


Answer
25.

How is the Indian federal system different from that of Sri Lanka ? Explain by giving three examples.


Answer
26.

Explain the values reflected by the principle of decentralisation in India.


Answer
27.

"Federations are contrasted with unitary governments". Explain by giving examples from Sri Lanka and Belgium.


Answer
28.

Which is the highest tier of the Panchayati Raj ? Explain its composition.


Answer
29.

"The creation of linguistic states was the first and major test for democratic politics in our country."Justify this statement. [CBSE 2011, 14]


Answer
30.

Name any two examples of coming together federation. [CBSE 2014]


Answer
31.

What is a Union List ?


Answer
32.

What is a Concurrent List ?


Answer
33.

Critically analyse the Centre-State relations prior to 1990 and after. [CBSE 2013]


Answer
34.

Why did the makers of our Constitution declare India to be a ‘Union of states’ ? Why were some sub-political units of India given a special status ? [CBSE 2012]


Answer
35.

Mention any four major values which are reflected by federalism in India.


Answer
36.

Mention any four features of federalism. [CBSE 2008, 2009 (O), Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012]
Or
Explain four features of the federal form of government. [CBSE 2008 Comp. (O) (D)]


Answer
37.

What is Gram Sabha ? Mention its functions.


Answer
38.

What is Panchayat Samiti ?


Answer
39.

How many languages have been recognised as scheduled languages?


Answer
40.

"There is a need for power sharing within the states". Explain.


Answer
41.

Distinguish between the Union List and the Concurrent List.


Answer
42.

Why does the exact balance of power between the Centre and the State Governments vary from one Federation to another ? Explain with two examples. [CBSE 2008(D)]


Answer
43.

Explain the advantages of decentrali ¬sation. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 14]
Or .
Explain any four features of the third tier of government. [CBSE Sept. 2011]
Or
Explain how the federal experiment has been successful in the matter of formation of states in India. [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Or
Give two arguments in favour of decentralisation of powers to local governments. Give two provisions under the amendment of 1992 which empowers local governments in India. [CBSE Sept. 2011]
OR
Assess the need for local government. [CBSE 2012, 14]


Answer
44.

How are village Sarpanch or Panches elected?


Answer
45.

What is Zila Parishad ?


Answer
46.

Which two languages have been identified as the official languages? [CBSE 2014]


Answer
47.

Should Panchayats be given judicial power to punish the anti social elements of its area ? Give your suggestions with arguments. [CBSE 2014]


Answer
48.

What is a Panchayati Raj ? What is its importance ? [CBSE 2008 (F)]


Answer
49.

Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to any one feature that is different from that of  Belgium.


Answer
50.

What is decentralisation ? What is the importance or need for decentralisation ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 14]
Or
"Do you take decentralisation as a mean to minimise the conflicts ?"Give your view point. [CBSE 2014]


Answer
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