Why does the exact balance of power between the Centre and the State Governments vary from one Federation to another ? Explain with two examples. [CBSE 2008(D)]


The exact balance of power between the central and the state government depends mainly on the historical context in which the federation was formed. There, are two kinds of routes through which federations have been formed :
(i) Coming Together Federations
(ii) Holding Together Federations
[Refer Q. 2, Long Answer Type Questions]




Q 1.

What are Union Territories ?

Q 2.

Who governs the Union Territories ?

Q 3.

What is a State List ?

Q 4.

How judiciary acts as an umpire in a federal nation?

Q 5.

What is Zila Parishad ?

Q 6.

Name an Indian state which enjoys a special status.

Q 7.

What is Gram Panchayat ?

Q 8.

Mention any two subjects which are r included in the union list. Explain by giving reasons why these are included in  the union list.

Q 9.

What is federalism ? [CBSE 2014]

Q 10.

Critically analyse the Centre-State relations prior to 1990 and after. [CBSE 2013]

Q 11.

What is the rationale for decentralization of power ? Describe the functions of Rural Local Government. [CBSE 2013]

Q 12.

How are village Sarpanch or Panches elected?

Q 13.

Mention any four major values which are reflected by federalism in India.

Q 14.

The sharing of power between the Union government and the state governments is basic to the structure of the Indian Constitution'. Explain.

Q 15.

Explain two achievements and two difficulties of the Icoal self-governments in India. [CBSE Comp. (O) 2008, Sept. 2011, 14]

Q 16.

Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to any one feature that is different from that of  Belgium.

Q 17.

Categorise the following under Union list or Concurrent list.
(i) Currency (ii) Education

Q 18.

What is a Union List ?

Q 19.

What is the importance of judiciary in a federal government ?

Q 20.

How many languages have been recognised as scheduled languages?

Q 21.

Mention any two features of federalism.

Q 22.

Mention the three tier system prevailing in India.

Q 23.

What is decentralisation ? [CBSE 2014]

Q 24.

What is Panchayat Samiti ?

Q 25.

Mention any four difficulties of the local government in India. [CBSE Comp. (O) 2008, Sept. 2010, 14]

Q 26.

Who is a Mayor ?

Q 27.

Which law will remain prevalent if there is any conflict over a subject mentioned in the Concurrent list?

Q 28.

Mention any four features of federalism. [CBSE 2008, 2009 (O), Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012]
Explain four features of the federal form of government. [CBSE 2008 Comp. (O) (D)]

Q 29.

Which two languages have been identified as the official languages? [CBSE 2014]

Q 30.

Explain the major key features of federalism.
Describe any four features of the federalism. [CBSE 2011, 14]

Q 31.

Restructuring the Centre-State relations is an important way in which the Indian Federalism has been strengthened in practice.' Explain.

Q 32.

There are two kinds of routes through which federations have been formed.' Name the two routes by giving one example of each.

Q 33.

What is a Concurrent List ?

Q 34.

"Belgium shifted from a unitary to a federal form of government". What key changes were brought in the political system under the above mentioned shift ?

Q 35.

Explain the language policy of Indian Federal. How is it different from Sri Lanka ?
Write any four characteristics of language policy of India. [CBSE 2011]
Describe in brief the language policy of India. [CBSE 2010]


Q 36.

Explain the advantages of decentrali ¬sation. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 14]
Or .
Explain any four features of the third tier of government. [CBSE Sept. 2011]
Explain how the federal experiment has been successful in the matter of formation of states in India. [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Give two arguments in favour of decentralisation of powers to local governments. Give two provisions under the amendment of 1992 which empowers local governments in India. [CBSE Sept. 2011]
Assess the need for local government. [CBSE 2012, 14]

Q 37.

Explain the values reflected by the principle of decentralisation in India.

Q 38.

"Local governments have made a significant impact on Indian democracy. At the same time there are many difficulties."Explain. [CBSE 2012]

Q 39.

Define :
(a) Gram Panchayat
(b) Panchayat Samiti
(c) Zila Parishad
(d) Mayor

Q 40.

Why were the linguistic states created? What are their advantages ? [CBSE 2008 (Compt)]

Q 41.

Why did the makers of our Constitution declare India to be a ‘Union of states’ ? Why were some sub-political units of India given a special status ? [CBSE 2012]

Q 42.

Explain how the federal experiment has been successful in the matter of formation of states in India. [CBSE 2011]

Q 43.

Which is the highest tier of the Panchayati Raj ? Explain its composition.

Q 44.

What is a Panchayati Raj ? What is its importance ? [CBSE 2008 (F)]

Q 45.

India is a federal country.' Explain by giving examples.[CBSE Sept. 2012, 2013]
Explain the three fold distribution of legislative powers between the Union Government and the State Governments.
Mention any five main features which make India a federal country. [CBSE 2013]

Q 46.

What is decentralisation ? What is the importance or need for decentralisation ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 14]
"Do you take decentralisation as a mean to minimise the conflicts ?"Give your view point. [CBSE 2014]

Q 47.

Name the three tier government system in India. What steps have been taken by the government to make the third tier more powerful and effective ? [CBSE 2008(0)]
How has the third tier of government in our country been made more effective and powerful by the Constitutional Amendment of 1992 ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Explain any four provisions that have been made towards decentralisation in India after the constitutional amendment in 1992. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012]

Q 48.

What is Unitary Government ?

Q 49.

Explain how law making powers are  shared between centre and states in India ? Mention three subjects each of Ans. Union List and State List. [CBSE 2013]
Describe the division of power between the central and the state governments in India. [CBSE 2011]
How are the powers divided between the states and centre ? Explain with examples.

Q 50.

Name any two holding together federation. [CBSE 2014]