Civics

Working of Institutions

Question:

Distinguish between the two houses of the Parliament.

Answer:

SNo. Attribute Lok Sabha Raj Sabha
1. Also called House of the People Council of States
2. Elections Members are directly elected by the people. Members are indirectly elected by the members of the legislative assemblies of the states.
3. Tenure Its members are elected for 5 yrs, But it can be dissolved before the expiry of its term. It is a permanent house. Its members are elected for a period of 6 years.
4.
5. Eligibility A person must be a citizen of India and atleast 25 years of age. A person must be a citizen of India and atleast 30 years of age.
6. Power Lok Sabha is more powerful than Rajya Sabha. Rajya Sabha is not as powerful as the Lok Sabha.
7. No. of Members It can have 552 Members. Out of these 530 are elected from different states and the remaining 29 from Union Territories. 2 members can be nominated by the President from Anglo — Indian Community. It has 250 members. 238 are representatives from the states and Union Territories and 12 are nominated by the President of India.
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Working of Institutions

Q 1.

Distinguish between political executive and permanent executive.

Q 2.

What is Parliament ? Discuss the powers and functions of the Parliament.

Q 3.

Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha.,Justify.

Q 4.

Distinguish between the two houses of the Parliament.

Q 5.

What do you mean by the term institution? Why are they required?

Q 6.

Which three institutions are responsible to run a democratic government in India? Mention their respective roles.

Q 7.

The Prime Minister of coalition government cannot take decisions as he likes. Give reasons.

Q 8.

Explain the powers and functions of the Prime Minister.

Q 9.

The political executive is more powerful than the non-political executive. Why?