History

Tracing Changes Through A Thousand Years

Question:

How were the affairs ofjaiis regulated?

Answer:

Jatis were the sub-castes which were grouped on the basis of economic and social status. They were ranked as per their backgrounds and their occupations. Ranks were not fixed permanently. They varied as per the power, influence and resources controlled by members of the jatis. Hence the status of the same jaii could vaiy from area to area Jatis had their own system of ruling. They framed their own rules and regulations for managing the conduct of their members. An assembly of elders was responsible for enforcing these regulations. This assembly of elders was called jati panchayat. But jatis were also required to abide by the rules of their villages.

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Tracing Changes Through A Thousand Years

Q 1.

How do the historians divide the past into periods? Do they face any problems in doing so?

Q 2.

What are the difficulties historians face in using manuscripts?

Q 3.

Who was considered a foreigner in the past?

Q 4.

What was the basis of such division?

Q 5.

What do you mean by Jati Panchayat?

Q 6.

Who used the term Hindustan for the first time and when?

Q 7.

What difference do you trace out in the region of Hindustan of thirteenth century and the modem India?

Q 8.

Who was al-Idrisi?

Q 9.

Who were the patrons?

Q 10.

Who was the Chief of the village?

Q 11.

How were the affairs ofjaiis regulated?

Q 12.

What sources do the historians use for the study of a particular period of history?[V. Imp.]

Q 13.

Who is a cartographer'?

Q 14.

Who were scribes?

Q 15.

What were some of the major religious developments during this period?

Q 16.

What changes took place during 700 and 1750? [V. Imp.]

Q 17.

State whether true or false:

  • We do not find inscriptions for the period after 700.
  • The Maraihas asserted their political importance during this period.
  • Forest-dwellers were sometimes pushed out of their lands with the spread of agricultural settlements.
  • Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban controlled Assam, Manipur and Kashmir.

Q 18.

Who used the term Hindustan for the first time and when?

Q 19.

Why did Brahmanas dominate in the society during this period? [Imp.]

Q 20.

Trace out the major changes in the society during 700 and 1750? What was its main reason? [V. Imp.]

Q 21.

What do you mean by pan-regional rule? What was its impact? [V. Imp.]

Q 22.

Find out where records are kept in your village or city. Who writes these records? Is there an archive? Who manages it? What kinds of documents are stored there? Who are the people who use it?

Q 23.

What were the new groups of people to be prominent in this age?  [V. Imp.]

Q 24.

What was the change in the religion of the time? Trace out major developments?  [V. Imp.]

Q 25.

What does time mean for historians? How does it help them?  [V. Imp.]

Q 26.

Fill in the blanks:
(a) Archives are places where………….. are kept.
(b) …………….was a fourteenth-century chronicler.
(c) ……., ……., ………, ……… and ………… were some of the crops introduced into  the subcontinent during this period.

Q 27.

In what ways has the meaning of the term ‘Hindustan' charged over the centuries?

Q 28.

List some of the technological changes associated with this period.

Q 29.

What was the major development of this age?

Q 30.

What factors contributed to the variety of developments?

Q 31.

What difference do you notice in the map drawn by al-Idrisi?

Q 32.

What do you mean by archives?

Q 33.

How did the scribes copy down the manuscripts?

Q 34.

What does the term pan-regional empire mean?

Q 35.

How history was divided by historians during the middle of the nineteenth century?

Q 36.

What was the process of copying manuscript? What were its drawbacks? [Imp.]

Q 37.

What was the stretch of Delhi Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban's Empire?

Q 38.

Compare either Map 1 or Map 2 with the present-day map of the subcontinent listing as many similarities and differences as you can find.