Chemistry

Redox Reactions

Question:

Why does the following reaction occur?
ncert-solutions-for-class-11-chemistry-chapter-8-redox-reactions-24

Answer:

ncert-solutions-for-class-11-chemistry-chapter-8-redox-reactions-25

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Redox Reactions

Q 1.

Arrange the following metals in the order in which they displace each other from the solution of their salts.Al, Cu, Fe, Mg and Zn.

Q 2.

What is salt bridge?

Q 3.

Identify the correct statements with reference to the given reaction.
P4 + 30H + 3H20→ PH3 + 3H2 P02
(a) Phosphorus is undergoing reduction only.
(b) Phosphorus is undergoing oxidation only.
(c) Phosphorus is undergoing oxidation as well as reduction.
(d) Hydrogen is undergoing neither oxidation nor reduction

Q 4.

How can CuS04 solution not be stored in an iron vessel?

Q 5.

Why is standard hydrogen electrode called reversible electrode?

Q 6.

While sulphur dioxide and hydrogen peroxide can act as an oxidising as well as reducing agents in their reactions, ozone and nitric acid act only as oxidants. Why?

Q 7.

Predict the products of electrolysis in each of the folloxving:
(i) An aqueous solution of AgNO3 with silver electrodes.
(ii) An aqueous solution of silver nitrate with platinum electrodes.
(iii) A dilute solution of  H2S04with platinum electrodes.
(iv) An aqueous solution of  CuCl2  with platinum electrodes.

Q 8.

What is meant by reducing agent? Name the best reducing agent.

Q 9.

What is a disproportionation reaction ? Give one example.

Q 10.

Define Oxidation and Reduction in terms of oxidation number.

Q 11.

What is oxidation number of Fe in [Fe(CO)5] ?

Q 12.

Balance the following redox reactions by ion-electron method.
(a) MnO4(aq) +I(aq) ———>Mn02(s) + I2 (s) (in basic medium)
(b) MnO4(aq) + S02(g) ——-> Mn2+(aq) +H2S04(in acidic solution)
(c) H2O2(aq) + Fe2+(aq) ———-> Fe3+(aq) + H2O(l) (in acidic solution)
(d) Cr2O72-  (aq) + S02 (g)——> Cr3+  (aq) + SO42-(aq) (in acidic solution)

Q 13.

Define EMF of cell.

Q 14.

In the reaction .
M4O2 + 4HCI ————-> M4Cl2 + Cl2 + 2H20
which species is oxidised.

Q 15.

Calculate the oxidation number of phosphorus in the following species.
(a) HPO32- and (b) P043-

Q 16.

Which of the following electrodes will act as anodes, when connected to Standard Hydrogen Electrode?
(a)     A13-/A1;  E °= -1.66 V
(b)       Fe2+ /Fe;  E °= -0.44 V
(c) Cu2+/ Cu E °=34 V
(d) F2(g)/2F(aq) E °= 2.87 V

Q 17.

What is standard hydrogen electrode? For what purpose it is used? What are signs of oxidation potential and reduction potential decided by using SHE (Standard hydrogen electrode)?

Q 18.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are not true about the following decomposition reaction?
2KCIO3 →2KC1 + 302
(a) Potassium is undergoing oxidation.
(b) Chlorine is undergoing oxidation.
(c) Oxygen is reduced.
(d) None of the species are undergoing oxidation or reduction.

Q 19.

Write the cell reactions:
ncert-solutions-for-class-11-chemistry-chapter-8-redox-reactions-11

Q 20.

Identify the oxidant and the reductant in the following reaction.  
N2H4(g) + ClO4(aq) ———–> NO(g) + Cr(aq)

Q 21.

Nitric acid is an oxidizing agent and reacts with PbO but it does not react with Pb02. Explain why?

Q 22.

The exhibition of various oxidation states by an element is also related to the outer orbital electronic configuration of its atom. Atom(s) having which of the following outermost electronic configurations will exhibit more than one oxidation state in its/their compounds.
(a) 3s1
(b) 3dl4s2                                  
(c)  3d24s2
(d) 3s23p3

Q 23.

In Ostwald’s process for the manufacture of nitric add, the first step involves the oxidation of ammonia gas by oxygen gas to give nitric oxide gas and steam. What is the maximum wight of nitric oxide that can be obtained starting only with 10.0 g of ammonia and 20.0 g of oxygen?

Q 24.

Which of the following elements does not show disproportionation tendency?
(a) Cl
(b) Br  
(c) F  
(d) I

Q 25.

What is a standard hydrogen electrode?

Q 26.

What is meant by cell potential?

Q 27.

E ° values of some redox complexes are given below. On the basis of these values choose the correct option.
E ° values: Br2/Br = +1.90; Ag+/Ag(s) = +0.80 Cu2+/Cu(s) = +0.34; I2(s)/I = +0.54 V
(a) Cu will reduce Br
(b) Cu will reduce Ag
(c) Cu will reduce I                                                              
(d) Cu will reduce Br2

Q 28.

Identify the substance oxidised, reduced, oxidising agent and reducing agent for each of the following reactions.
ncert-solutions-for-class-11-chemistry-chapter-8-redox-reactions-21

Q 29.

Justify that the following reactions are redox reactions:
(a) CuO(s) + H2(g) —–> Cu(s) + H20(g)
(b) Fe2O3(s) +3CO(g) —-> 2Fe(s) + 3CO2(g)
(c) 4BCl3(g) +3LiAlH4(s) ——> 2B2H6(g) + 3LiCl(s) + 3AlCl3(s)
(d) 2K(s) +F2(g)——> 2K+F(s)

Q 30.

Consider the reactions:
(a) 6CO2(g) 6H2O(l) ———> C6H12O6(s) + 6O6(g) (b) O3(g) + H2O2(l) H2O(l) + 2O2(g)
Why it is more appropriate to write these reactions as:
(a) 6CO2(g) + 12H2O(l) ————-> C6H12O6(s) + 6H2O(l) + 6O2(g)
(b) O3(g) + H2O2 (l) ———–> H2O(l) + O2(g) + O2(g)
Also suggest a technique to investigate the path of above (a) and (b) redox reactions.

Q 31.

Identify the redox reactions out of the following reactions and identify the oxidizing and reducing agents in them

ncert-exemplar-problems-class-11-chemistry-chapter-8-redox-reactions-22

Q 32.

Define electrochemical cell.

Q 33.

Write the O.N of all the atoms for the following well known oxidants?
(i) KMnO4 (ii) K2Cr2O7 (iii) KClO4

Q 34.

The compound AgF2 is unstable. However, if formed, the compound acts as a very strong oxidising agent. Why?

Q 35.

Consider the reactions:
(a) H3P02(aq) + 4AgNO3(aq) + 2H2O(l) ————->H3PO4(aq) + 4Ag(s) + 4HNO3(aq)
(b) H3P02(aq) + 2CuS04(aq) + 2H2O(l) ————->H3P04(aq) + 2Cu(s) + H2S04(aq)
(c) C6H5CHO(l) + 2[Ag(NH3)2]+(aq) + 30H(aq)———–> C6H5COO(aq) + 2Ag(s) + 4NH3(aq) + 2H20(l)
(d) C6H5CHO(l) + 2Cu2+(aq) + 5OH(aq) ———–> No change observed
What inference do you draw about the behaviour of  Ag+  and Cu2+  from these reactions?

Q 36.

Depict the galvanic cell in which the reaction, Zn(s) + 2Ag+(aq) ————> Zn2+(aq) + 2Ag(s)
takes place. Further show:
(i) which of the electrode is negatively charged.
(ii) the carriers of current in the cell and
(iii) individual reaction at each electrode.

Q 37.

Calculate the oxidation number of sulphur in H2SO4 and Na2SO4.

Q 38.

Thiosulphate reacts differently with iodine and bromine in the reactions given below:
2S2032_ + I2→S4062- + 2I
S2032- + 2Br2 + 5H20 →2S042- + 4Br + 10H+
Which of the following statements justifies the above dual behaviour of thiosulphate?
(a) Bromine is a stronger oxidant than iodine.
(b) Bromine is a weaker oxidant than iodine.
(c) Thiosulphate undergoes oxidation by bromine and reduction by iodine in these reactions.
(d) Bromine undergoes oxidation and iodine undergoes reduction in these reactions.

Q 39.

Consider the elements: Cs, Ne, I, F
(a) Identify the element that exhibits -ve oxidation state.
(b) Identify the element that exhibits +ve oxidation state.
(c) Identify the element that exhibits both +ve and -ve oxidation states.
(d) Identify the element which neither exhibits -ve nor +ve oxidation state.

Q 40.

Refer to the periodic table given in your book and now answer the following questions.
(a) Select the possible non-metals that can show disproportionation reaction.
(b) Select three metals that show disproportionation reaction.

Q 41.

The reaction  Cl2(g) + 20H(aq)→ Cl0(aq) + Cl(aq) + H20(l) represents the process of bleaching. Identify and name the species that bleaches the substances due to its oxidizing action.

Q 42.

What is the oxidation state of Ni in  Ni (CO)4?

Q 43.

Consider a voltaic cell constructed with the following substances:
ncert-solutions-for-class-11-chemistry-chapter-8-redox-reactions-8
(a) Which substances are oxidised and reduced in this cell?
(b) Which are the negative and positive electrode?

Q 44.

Identify the substance oxidised, reduced, oxidising agent and reducing agent for each of the following reactions.
ncert-solutions-for-class-11-chemistry-chapter-8-redox-reactions-14

Q 45.

Identify disproportionation reaction
(a) CH4 + 202 → C02 + 2H20
(b) CH4 + 4C12 → CC14 + 4HCl
(c) 2F2 + 20H→2F + OF2 + H20
(d) 2N02 + 20H → N02 + NO3 + H20

Q 46.

What is meant by electrochemical series? What are characteristics of electrochemical series?

Q 47.

Given the standard electrode potentials,
K+/K = -2.93 V, Ag+/Ag = 0.80 V, Hg2+/Hg = 0.79 V, Mg2+/Mg = -2.37 V,
Cr3+/Cr = -0.74 V. Arrange these metals in increasing order of their reducing power.

Q 48.

PbO and Pb02 react with HC1 according to following chemical equations:
2PbO + 4HCl → 2PbCl2 + 2H20
Pb02 + 4HC1 → PbCl2 + Cl2 + 2H20
Why do these compounds differ in their  reactivity?

Q 49.

Write formulas for the following compounds:
(a) Mercury (II) chloride, (b) Nickel (II) sulphate, (c) Tin (IV) oxide, (d) Thallium
(I) sulphate, (e) Iron (III) sulphate, (f) Chromium (III) oxide.

Q 50.

Whenever a reaction between an oxidising agent and a reducing agent is carried out, a compound of lower oxidation state is formed if the reducing agent is in excess and a compound of higher oxidation state is formed if oxidising agent is in excess. Justify this statement giving three illustrations.