geography - physical features of india

Class 9 - Geography

Physical Features of India

MCQ
Q&A
Question:

Which are the major physiographic divisions of India? Contrast the relief of the Himalayan region with that of the Peninsular plateau.

Answer:

The physical features of India can be grouped under the following physiographic divisions:
(i) The Himalayan Mountains
(ii) The Northern Plains
(iii) The Peninsular Plateau
(iv) The Indian Desert
(v) The Coastal Plains
(vi) The Islands
The Himalaya consists of three parallel ranges in its longitudinal extent. A number of valleys lie between these ranges. The northern most range is known as the Great or Inner Himalayas or the ‘Himadri'. It is the most continuous range consisting of the loftiest peaks with an average height of 6,000 metres. It contains all the prominent Himalayan peaks.
The Deccan Plateau is a triangular landmass that lies to the south of the river Narmada. The Satpura range flanks its broad base in the north while the Mahadev, the Kaimur hills and the Maikal range form its eastern extensions. Locate these hills and ranges in the physical map of India. The Deccan Plateau is higher in the west and slopes gently eastwards. An extension of the Plateau is also visible in the northeast– locally known as the Meghalaya and Karbi-Anglong Plateau. It is separated by a fault from the Chotanagpur Plateau. Three Prominent hill ranges from the west to east are the Garo, the Khasi and the Jaintia Hills.



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Questions and Answers


Physical Features of India - Questions
1.

Which continents of today were part of the Gondwana land?


Answer
2. Describe the physiographic divisions or physical features of India.
Answer
3. Name the landmasses that were included in the Gondwanaland.
Answer
4.

Distinguish Between Converging and Diverging Tectonic Plates


Answer
5. Which plateau lies between the Aravalli and the Vindhyan ranges?
Answer
6. Name the three major divisions of the Himalayas from north to south.
Answer
7.

What is the bhabar?


Answer
8.

Distinguish Between Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats.


Answer
9. What is bhabar?
Answer
10. What are the relief features that are found in the Northern Plains?
Answer
11.

What are Tectonic Plates?


Answer
12.

Which are the major physiographic divisions of India? Contrast the relief of the Himalayan region with that of the Peninsular plateau.


Answer
13. Discuss the geological structure of India.
Answer
14. Write a short note on The Indian Desert.
Answer
15.

Describe how the Himalayas were formed.


Answer
16.

Give an account of the Northern Plains of India.


Answer
17. Name the island group of India having coral origin.
Answer
18. Write three important features of Aravalli Hills.
Answer
19.

Distinguish Between Bhangar and Khadar.


Answer
20.

Write short notes on the following.(i) The Indian Desert, (ii) The Central Highlands
(iii) The Island Groups of India


Answer
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