Name any two grain bearing grasses.
Wheat and barley.
What is the difference between perennial and seasonal lakes and rivers?
What were the various reasons for hunter-gatherers to move from place to place? Mention in detail
What was the impact of the change in environment around 12,000 years ago?[V. Imp.]
IV. Matching Skill
Match the items given in column A correctly with those given in column B.
Name any two grain bearing grasses.
List two tasks that are performed by both men and women at present. List another two that are performed only by women, and two that are performed only by men. Compare your list with that of any two of your classmates. Do you notice any similarities/differences in your lists?
What suggests that people in the past used fire?
How were stone tools used in the past? [V. Imp.]
Collecting plant produce needs a lot of precaution. How?
What do people need while hunting animals or catching fish and birds?
What did hunter-gatherers do to sustain themselves?
Why did earlier people use fire?
II. Fill in the Blanks
Fill in the blanks with appropriate words to complete each sentence:
(i) Hunter-gatherers lived around …………. years ago.
(ii)The hunter-gatherers moved from place to place on ………….
(iii)Techniques used for making stone tools were ……… and …………
(iv) Fire was used as a source of…………..
(v) The climate of the world changed to…….. conditions around 12,000 years ago.
(vi) The Palaeolithic Age was followed by the ……… Age.
(vii) Tools in Hunsgi were made from …………. which was available ……….
Why was hunting animals difficult for the people?
What tools would you use today for cutting fruit? What would they be made of?
Why did the hunter-gatherers travel from place to place? In what ways are these similar to/different from the reasons for which we travel today?
Multiple Choice Questions
Choose the correct option to complete the statements given below:
(i) Traces of ash in the Kumool caves indicate
(a) rearing of animals (b) use of fire
(c) use of stone tools (d) use of water.
(ii)Grasslands developed in many areas around
(a) 800 years ago (b) 2 million years ago
(c) 1,00,000 years ago (d) 12,000 years ago.
(iii)Tools in Hunsgi were made of
(a) stone (b) limestone
(c) wood (d) metal.
(iv) Bhimbetka is located in the present-day
(a) Uttar Pradesh (b) Andhra Pradesh
(c) Madhya Pradesh (d) Kerala.
(v) Grasslands led to an increase in
(a) animals that lived in water (b) birds (c) human beings (d) animals that survive on grass.
What were factory sites?
What do you know about the work division among men and women in the ancient past? [V. Imp.]
If you had a natural pebble like the ones shown on page 13 in the textbook, what would you use it for?
List three ways in which hunter-gatherers used fire. Would you use fire for any of these purposes today?
How was wood used in the past?
Look at the present-day political map of the subcontinent on page 136 of the textbook. Find out the states where Bhimbetka, Hunsgi, and Kumool are located. Would Tushar's train have passed near any of these sites?
Where are natural caves and rock shelters found?
What is the special feature of the paintings found in Madhya Pradesh and southern Uttar Pradesh? .
State whether these sentences are true (T) or false (P’).
(i) Some rivers are perennial while others are seasonal.
(ii) Tools of wood have survived better than tools of stone.
(iii) The sites where hunter-gatherers lived were close to water.
(iv) Hunsgi was located in the present-day Madhya Pradesh
(v) Man led a well-settled life by Palaeolithic Age.
Make two columns in your notebook. In the left hand column, list the foods hunter- gatherers ate. In the right hand column, list some of the foods you eat. Do you notice any similarities/differences.
Complete the sentences:
(a)Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because
(b)Grasslands developed around……….. years ago.
(c)Early people painted on the……… of caves.
(d)In Hunsgi, tools were made of……….
What do you know about habitation-cum-factory sites?
Mention the two techniques that were used to make stone tools.