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Class 6 - History

On the Trail of the Earliest People

Q&A
Question:

What were the various reasons for hunter-gatherers to move from place to place? Mention in detail

Answer:

Hunter-gatherers kept on moving from one place to another for the following reasons:
(i) Staying at one place for a long time would have ended up the availability of plant and animal resources.
(ii)Animals move from place to place—either in search of smaller prey, or, in the case of deer and wild cattle, in search of grass and leaves. That is why, those who hunted them had to follow their movements.
(iii) Plants and trees bear fruit in different seasons. Hence, people may have moved from season to season in the hope of getting different kinds of fruits, (iu) Plants, animals and plants need water for their survival. While many rivers and lakes are perennial others are seasonal. People living on their banks would have had to go in search of water during the dry seasons, le. winter and summer.
(iv) People may have travelled to meet their kith and kin.



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Questions and Answers


On the Trail of the Earliest People - Questions
1.

List two tasks that are performed by both men and women at present. List another two that are performed only by women, and two that are performed only by men. Compare your list with that of any two of your classmates. Do you notice any   similarities/differences in your lists?


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2.

IV. Matching Skill
Match the items given in column A correctly with  those given in column B.


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3.

What is the difference between perennial and seasonal lakes and rivers?


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4.

What were factory sites?


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5.

Collecting plant produce needs a lot of precaution. How?


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6.

What do you know about the work division among men and women in the ancient past? [V. Imp.]


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7.

What was the impact of the change in environment around 12,000 years ago?[V. Imp.]


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8.

What is the special feature of the paintings found in Madhya Pradesh and southern Uttar Pradesh? .


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9.

What were the various reasons for hunter-gatherers to move from place to place? Mention in detail


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10.

What did hunter-gatherers do to sustain themselves?


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11.

What do people need while hunting animals or catching fish and birds?


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12.

How was wood used in the past?


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13.

Name any two grain bearing grasses.


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14.

How were stone tools used in the past? [V. Imp.]


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15.

What suggests that people in the past used fire?


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16.

II. Fill in the Blanks
Fill in the blanks with appropriate words to complete each sentence:
(i) Hunter-gatherers lived around ………….  years ago.
(ii)The hunter-gatherers moved from place to place on ………….
(iii)Techniques used for making stone tools were ……… and …………
(iv) Fire was used as a source of…………..
(v) The climate of the world changed to…….. conditions around 12,000 years ago.
(vi) The Palaeolithic Age was followed by the ……… Age.
(vii) Tools in Hunsgi were made from ………….  which was available ……….


Answer
17.

What tools would you use today for cutting fruit? What would they be made of?


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18.

Why was hunting animals difficult for the people?


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19.

Why did earlier people use fire?


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20.

Why did the hunter-gatherers travel from place to place? In what ways are these similar to/different from the reasons for which we travel today?


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21.

Look at the present-day political map of the subcontinent on page 136 of the textbook. Find out the states where Bhimbetka, Hunsgi, and Kumool are located. Would Tushar's train have passed near any of these sites?


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22.

Where are natural caves and rock shelters found?


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23.

List three ways in which hunter-gatherers used fire. Would you use fire for any of these purposes today?


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24.

III. True/False
State whether these sentences are true (T) or false (P’).
(i) Some rivers are perennial while others are seasonal.
(ii) Tools of wood have survived better than tools of stone.
(iii) The sites where hunter-gatherers lived were close to water.
(iv) Hunsgi was located in the present-day Madhya Pradesh
(v) Man led a well-settled life by Palaeolithic Age.


Answer
25.

Multiple Choice Questions
Choose the correct option to complete the statements given below:
(i) Traces of ash in the Kumool caves indicate
(a) rearing of animals   (b) use of fire
(c) use of stone tools    (d) use of water.
(ii)Grasslands developed in many areas around
(a) 800 years ago                                                         (b)       2 million years ago
(c) 1,00,000 years ago                                         (d)     12,000 years ago.
(iii)Tools in Hunsgi were made of
(a) stone                                                                                   (b)       limestone
(c) wood                                                                                   (d)     metal.
(iv) Bhimbetka is located in the present-day
(a) Uttar Pradesh  (b) Andhra Pradesh
(c) Madhya Pradesh      (d) Kerala.
(v) Grasslands led to an increase in
(a) animals that lived in water (b) birds  (c) human beings    (d) animals that survive on grass.


Answer
26.

If you had a natural pebble like the ones shown on page 13 in the textbook, what would you use it for?


Answer
27.

Make two columns in your notebook. In the left hand column, list the foods hunter- gatherers ate. In the right hand column, list some of the foods you eat. Do you notice any similarities/differences.


Answer
28.

Mention the two techniques that were used to make stone tools.


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29.

What do you know about habitation-cum-factory sites?


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30.

Complete the sentences:
(a)Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because
(b)Grasslands developed around……….. years ago.
(c)Early people painted on the……… of caves.
(d)In Hunsgi, tools were made of……….


Answer
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