## Class 6 - Geography

#### Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes

MCQ
Q&A
Question:

Write a short note on Heat Zones. [Imp.]

Heat zones are the different zones of the earth, where the sun's rays fall differently, thus causing different climate patterns. These zones are called the Torrid Zone, the two Temperate Zones, and the two Frigid Zones. The Torrid Zone is very hot since the sun shines overhead here. The Temperate Zones maintain a moderate climate, and the Frigid Zones are extremely cold.

Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes - Questions
1.

(a) What is the true shape of the earth?
(b) What is a globe?
(c) What is the latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer?
(d) What are the three heat zones of the Earth?
(e) What are parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude?
(f) Why does the Torrid Zone receive maximum amount of heat?
(g) Why is it 5.30 p.m in India when it is 12.00 noon in London?

2.

What are the advantages of the globe? [V. Imp.]

3.

Define longitude.

4.

Which heat zone does the equator lie in?

5.

How do latitudes and longitudes help in locating a point? Why is only one of them  insufficient in doing this?[V. Imp.]

6.

What is the globe?

7.

Write a short note on Heat Zones. [Imp.]

8.

State whether these sentences are true IT) or false (F).
(i) The axis of the earth is not actually tilted as depicted in a globe.
(ii)  The equator is the 0 degree latitude.
(iii)  The Prime Meridian is the 180 degree longitude.
(iv) More than half of India lies in the Frigid Zone.
(v) The Tropic of Capricorn does not pass through India.
(vi) The two Temperate Zones maintain a moderate climate.
(vii) The time at a place in the east of Greenwich is ahead of that in Greenwich,
(viii) The earth rotates from west to east.
(ix) The standard longitude for Indian time is the 64 ° longitude.

9.

What are the two types of lines needed to locate any point on the earth's surface? [V. Imp.]

10.

Why do we have the concept of time zone? [V. Imp.]

11.

Define latitude.

12.

Which place is used as a standard for time all over the world?

13.

What does the time 12 noon’ signify at any place?

14.

A cricket match begins at 10.30 am on January 10 in New Zealand (time zone of +12). TeU. the time in Greenwich when it is shown live on TV there.

15.

A particular city lies in the time zone-2. What does this mean?

16.

Fill in the blanks.
(a) The Tropic of Capricorn is located at…………………..
(b) The Standard Meridian of India is…………………..
(c) The 0 ° Meridian is also known as…………………..
(d) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards ……………………….
(e) The Arctic Circle is located in the……………….

17.

Fill in the blanks with appropriate words given to complete each sentence:
(i) Russia extends over………………… time zones.
(ii)As we move away from the equator, the size of the latitudes ……………………………
(iii)The poles fall in the……………..
(iv)       To locate a point, we need to know its latitude, as well as……………………………
(v) The British Royal Observatory is located in ………………………..  UK.
(vi) A hemisphere is one ……………..  of a sphere.
(vii) Latitudes and longitudes form a………………………
(viii) All places lying on the same …………………  have the same time.
(ix) When it is 7.30 pm on August 16 in Greenwich, it is………………………….. (time) on ……………(date) in Chennai.