history - thinkers, beliefs and buildings

Class 12 - History

Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings

Q&A
Question:

Discuss the role of the begums of Bhopal in preserving the stupa at Sanchi.

Answer:

Begums of Bhopal made a great contribution to the preservation of the Stupa of Sanchi. Following are the major contribution made by them.
(a) Shahejahan Begum and her successor Sultan Jahan Begum of Bhopal were the rulers of Bhopal, who made generous grants to the preservation of the Stupa of Sanchi.
(b) A museum was built near the stupa and it was built mainly on the financial support of Begum Sultan Jahan Begum.
(c) The support to preserve the stupa came from the Europeans also.
(d) French and British both took the plaster cast copies of the pillars of the stupas to be displayed in the museums at France and Britain. They also contributed financially to preserve the stupa.



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Questions and Answers


Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings - Questions
1.

Why do you think women and men joined the sangha?


Answer
2.

Were the ideas of the Upanishadic thinkers different from those of the fatalists and materialists ? Give reasons for your answers.


Answer
3.

Read this short inscription and answer:
In the year 33 of the maharaja Huvishka, (a Kushana ruler), in the first month of the hot season on the eighth day, a Bodhisatta was set up at Madhuvanaka by the bhikkhuni Dhanavati, the sister's daughter of the bhikkhuni Buddhamita, who knows the Tipitaka, the female pupil of the bhikkhu Bala, who knows the Tipitaka, together with her father and mother.
(a) How did Dhanavati date her inscription?
(b) Why do you think she installed an image of the Bodhisatta?
(c) Who were the relatives she mentioned?
(d) What Buddhist text did she know?
(e) From whom dicTshe learn this text?


Answer
4.

To what extent does knowledge of Buddhist literature help in understanding the sculpture at Sanchi?


Answer
5.

Summarise the central teachings of Jainism.


Answer
6.

Were the ideas of the Upanishadic thinkers different from those of the fatalists and materialists ? Give reasons for your answers.


Answer
7.

Discuss how and why stupas were built. Describe the structure of stupa with example.


Answer
8.

Discuss the development in sculpture and architecture associated with the rise of Vaishnavism and Shaivism.


Answer
9.

Discuss the role of the begums of Bhopal in preserving the stupa at Sanchi.


Answer
10.

Of the religious traditions discussed in this chapter, is there any that is practised in your neighbourhood? What are the religious texts used today, an how are they preserved and transmitted? Are images used in worship? If so, are these similar to or different from those described in this chapter? Describe the buildings used for religious : activities today, comparing them with early stupas and temples.


Answer
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