history - the making of a global world

Class 10 - History

The Making of a Global World

Q&A
Question:

What were the main reasons for the attraction of Europeans to Africa ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2014]

Answer:

(i) Europeans were attracted to Africa in search of valuable minerals like gold, coal, silver, etc.
(ii) They were attracted to Africa due to its vast resources of land.
(iii) They went to Africa hoping to establish plantations and mines.



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Questions and Answers


The Making of a Global World - Questions
1.

Name any two world institutions which were established under the Bretton Woods. Also mention one objective of each.


Answer
2.

What is meant by the Bretton Woods Agreement?


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3.

Give two examples of different types of global exchanges which took place before the 17th century, choosing one example from Asia, and one from the America.


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4.

Before the arrival of outsiders most of the Africans had a little reason to work for a wage’. Give reasons.


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5.

How was the food problem solved in Britain after the scrapping of the ‘Corn Laws’ ? Explain. [CBSE 2009 (O)]


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6.

Give two examples of different types of global exchanges which took place before the seventeenth century, choosing one example from Asia and one from the Americas.


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7.

Give a brief account on Indian Bankers and Traders.


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8.

Explain the role of technology in shaping the world economy of the 19th century. [CBSE 2010 (D)]
Or
What was the impact of technology on food availability ? Explain with the help of examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011, 2014]
Or
What was the role of technology in transforming in the 19th century world ? Explain with an example. [CBSE Sept. 2010]


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9.

India played a crucial role in the late 19th century world economy”. Explain. [CBSE 2014]


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10.

What were silk routes ? [CBSE 2014]


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11.

What is the meaning of ‘cultural fusion’? Give two examples.


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12.

How were the indentured workers exploited by the recruiting agents ?


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13.

"The First World War was the first modern industrial war". Justify the answer.


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14.

Name the economist who thought that India gold exports during the Great Depression of 1929 promoted global economic recovery.


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15.

"Food offers many examples of long distance cultural exchange."Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2011]
Or
Assess with examples the contribution of food to the process of globalisation of the early periods. [CBSE 2012]


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16.

Give two examples from history to show the impact of technology on food availability.


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17.

Explain the three types of movements or flows within international economic exchange. Find one example of each type of flow which involved India and Indians, and write a short account of it.


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18.

What is mass production and mass consumption?


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19.

Colonialism during the late 19th century discuss.


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20.

What was the importance of Silk Routes ?
Or
How did Silk Routes link the world ? Explain with three suitable examples. [CBSE 2008 (D)]
Or
Explain any three characteristics of Silk Routes. [CBSE Comp. (D) 2008, Sept. 2010, 2012]
Or
Enumerate the importance of Silk Routes. [CBSE Sept. 2010]


Answer
21.

“The example of indentured labour migration from India and other parts of the world illustrates the two-sided nature of the 19th century"world.” Explain by giving examples.
Or
Why 19th century indentured has been described as a ‘new system of slavery’ ? Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2012, 2014]


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22.

How did Henry Ford revolutionise mass production in the US ? Explain. [CBSE 2012]


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23.

What at the factors which transformed 19th century world ?


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24.

Why were European attracted to Africa in die late 19th century ? Give one reason.


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25.

Name any four regions of India from where indentured workers came.


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26.

How was the income received from trade surplus with India used by Britain ? [CBSE 2008 (D)]


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27.

Name any two countries which became major supplier of wheat during the First World War.


Answer
28.

What was Henry Ford's best cost cutting decision ?


Answer
29.

What is difference between international momentary system and the Bretton Woods system?


Answer
30.

What is G-77 ?


Answer
31.

The Portuguese and Spanish used all ethical and unethical methods to colonise America”. Justify.
Or
How were the germs used as a powerful weapon by the Portuguese and the Spanish for the colonisation of America ?


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32.

Why was there a need for clearing lands in Britain during the nineteenth century ? Explain any three reasons.
[CBSE Comp. (D) 2008]


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33.

Write a brief note on the Irish Potato Famine'.


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34.

Write a short note on Sir Henry Morton Stanley.


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35.

What were the crucial influences that shaped post-war ( II World War) reconstruction?


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36.

Give a brief account on Indian Bankers and Traders.


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37.

Explain the impacts of scrapping of the Corn Law. [CBSE Sept, 2010, 2014]
Or
What was the result of the abolishing of Corn Laws? [CBSE Sept, 2010, 2012]


Answer
38.

Explain the impact of the First World War on Britain.
Or
How did the First World War change the economic life of the people in Britain ? Explain. [CBSE 2008 (D)]
Or
Describe in brief the world economic conditions of the post First World War period. [CBSE 2010 (D), Sept. 2012, 2013]


Answer
39.

Explain the consequences of the Second World War.
Or
Describe in brief the destruction caused during the Second World War. [CBSE 2010 (O), Sept. 2012]


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40.

‘Economists and politicians drew two key lessons from inter-war economic experiences.’ Explain. [CBSE Sept 2012]


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41.

In the. 19th century, all over the world more than 150 million people migrated from one country to another.’ Explain the factors responsible for this migration.


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42.

What do you know about the Great Depression ? Explain the major factors responsible for the Great Depression. [CBSE 2008 (F), Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013]


Answer
43.

G-77 can be seen as a reaction to the activities of Bretton Woods Twins. Explain the statement with five arguments.  [CBSE 2013]


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44.

What were the factors which were responsible for the end of the Bretton Woods system ?


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45.

The pre-modern world shrank greatly in the 16th century.' Explain.


Answer
46.

Highlight three main features of life of African people before the coming of Europeans. [CBSE 2013]


Answer
47.

Why thousands of people fled Europe for America in the 19th century ?
Or
Why did thousands of people flee away from Europe to America in the 19th century ? Give any three reasons. [CBSE Sept. 2010]


Answer
48.

Why did the European employers find it difficult to recruit labour in Africa ? Give two methods they used to recruit and retain labour. [CBSE 2011)
Or
Why was there a shortage of labour willing to work for wages in Africa in the 1890s ? How did Europeans try to recruit and retain labour ? Explain any two methods. [CBSE 2012]
Or
What methods were used by the European employers to recruit and retain the African labourers ?


Answer
49.

Mention any four factors responsible for indentured labour.


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50.

What was the impact of industrialisation in Britain on Indian economy ?


Answer