geography - water resources

Class 10 - Geography

Water Resources

Q&A
Question:

Name any two movements that have been started to oppose multipurpose projects. Who are benefitted from such projects ?  [CBSE 2013]

Answer:

(1) Two movements that have been started to oppose multipurpose projects are :
(i) Narmada Bachao Andolan was started against the Sardar Sarovar Dam being
built across the Narmada river in Gujarat.
(ii) Tehri Dam Andolan – Resistance to these projects has primarily been due to the large-scale displacement of local communities.
(2) The landowners and large farmers, industrialists and a few urban centers are benefitted from such projects.



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Questions and Answers


Water Resources - Questions
1.

How do increasing number of industries exert pressure on existing freshwater resources ? [CBSE 2012]


Answer
2.

Is it possible that an area or region may have ample water resources but is still facing water scarcity ? Explain with the help of three relevant examples. [CBSE 2013]


Answer
3.

How has irrigation changed the cropping pattern? What is its impact on the social landscape ? [CBSE Sep 2012]


Answer
4.

Explain the term ˜tankas'. Where were tankas built in India ? [CBSE 2013]


Answer
5.

What are dams? How do these help to conserve and manage water ?


Answer
6.

"Overpopulation or large and growing population can lead to water scarcity."Explain. Mention any two lessons which you have learnt from this.


Answer
7.

Why is there an urgent need to conserve and manage our water resources ? Mention three reasons. [CBSE 2012]
Or
Why is it necessary to conserve water resources in India ? Explain.
Or
Why is it essential to conserve, and manage our water resources ? Explain any three reasons. [CBSE 2012]
Or
Why we should conserve our water resources ? Explain any three reasons. [CBSE 2012,2014]


Answer
8.

"Multipurpose projects have failed to achieve the purpose for which they were built". Justify by giving reasons. [CBSE 2014]


Answer
9.

What role do "Guls"or "Kuls"of the Western Himalayas and "Khadin"and "Johads"in parts of Rajasthan play ? Describe. [CBSE 2012]


Answer
10.

How do the dams create conflicts
between the people ?


Answer
11.

"Need of the hour is to conserve and manage our water resources."Mention any four reasons. Suggest any two ways to conserve water. [CBSE Sept. 2012]


Answer
12.

Explain various problems associated with poor people due to construction of large dams. [CBSE 2013]


Answer
13.

"Water scarcity may be an outcome of large and growing population". Justify.


Answer
14.

Why is rooftop rainwater harvesting important in Rajasthan ? Explain. [CBSE 2013, 14]


Answer
15.

What is importance of water ? [CBSE 2012]
Or
"Water is a very important and critical resource in India."Support the statement by explaining any three points. [CBSE 2013]


Answer
16.

What role do "Guls"or "Kuls"of the Western Himalayas and "Khadin"and "Johads"in parts of Rajasthan play ? Describe. [CBSE 2012]


Answer
17.

What is hydrological cycle? What is its importance ?


Answer
18.

What is rainwater harvesting ? What is its importance ?


Answer
19.

What is water scarcity? Mention any four factors responsible for water scarcity. [CBSE 2014]
Or
What is meant by water scarcity and give any two causes of water scarcity ?


Answer
20.

(f) What is a multipurpose project ? [CBSE 2009 (D) ; Sept. 2010, 11]
(ii) Why did Pandit Jawahar Lai Nehru proclaim the river dams as the ‘Temples of Modem India?' Explain the main reason. [CBSE 2014]


Answer
21.

Write the features of the ˜tankas' built in the houses of Bikaner, Phalodi and Banner. [CBSE 2013]


Answer
22.

How is industrialisation responsible for water scarcity? Explain. Suggest any two ways to check water pollution.


Answer
23.

Explain three ways in which irrigation schemes have changed the social landscape of the region. [CBSE 2012]


Answer
24.

What is bamboo drip irrigation ? Mention any two features of it. [CBSE 2012]


Answer
25.

How has agriculture aggravated the problem of water scarcity in India ? Explain. [CBSE 2014]


Answer
26.

Explain the rooftop rainwater harvesting technique.


Answer
27.

Distinguish between a dam and a multipurpose project.


Answer
28.

How does urbanisation and urban lifestyle lead to over-exploitation of water resources ? Explain. [CBSE 2013]


Answer
29.

Name any two movements that have been started to oppose multipurpose projects. Who are benefitted from such projects ?  [CBSE 2013]


Answer
30.

Large multipurpose projects also lead to land degradation.' Explain.


Answer
31.

Examine the importance of the river valley projects in the development of hydel power and irrigational facilities in India.
Or
Give any four objectives of the multipurpose river valley projects. [CBSE Sept. 2011]


Answer
32.

Multipurpose projects and large dams have also been the cause of many social movement'. Name any two such movements. Why these movements were launched ?


Answer
33.

Why are different water harvesting systems considered a viable alternative both socio economically and environmentally in a country like India ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]


Answer
34.

How do the multipurpose river projects affect the aquatic life ? Explain.
Or
Explain the ecological problems being faced due to the multi-purpose river projects. [CBSE 2013]


Answer
35.

Who proclaimed the dams as the temples of modern India ? Give reason.


Answer
36.

"In recent years, the multipurpose projects and large dams have come under great scrutiny."Give reasons. [CBSE Sept. 2012]
Or
Mention any four disadvantages of multi purpose projects. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2013]
Or .
How may the multipurpose river valley projects become harmful for the country ? Explain with four examples. [CBSE 2008]
Or
Why are multipurpose projects facing resistance ? Explain with three reasons. [CB$ESept.2010]


Answer
37.

How have the growing population, industrialisation and urbanisation led to water scarcity ? Explain. [CBSE 2008 (D)]
Or
Explain any four reasons responsible for water scarcity in India. [CBSE 2010(D), Sept. 2012]
Or
How have industrialisation and urbanisation aggravated water scarcity in India ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 14]
Or
Give three reasons for water scarcity in post independent India. [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Or
˜Three-fourths of the earth's surface is covered with water but there is still scarcity of water across the globe.' Explain giving three reasons. [CBSE 2011]


Answer
38.

Explain the quantitative and qualitative aspects of water scarcity.
Or
Water is available in abundance in India even then scarcity of water is experienced in major parts of the country. Explain with four examples. [CBSE 2008 (D)]


Answer