Water Resources


Why are different water harvesting systems considered a viable alternative both socio economically and environmentally in a country like India ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]


(i) Water harvesting is a very cheap and affordable method of conservation of water.
(ii) Indian people have in-depth knowledge of rainfall regime and soil type. They have developed techniques to harvest rainwater, groundwater, rain water and flood water in keeping with the local ecological conditions and their water needs.
(iii) Rainwater harvesting techniques are more environmental friendly as compare to multipurpose river projects.


Water Resources

Q 1.

How do increasing number of industries exert pressure on existing freshwater resources ? [CBSE 2012]

Q 2.

Is it possible that an area or region may have ample water resources but is still facing water scarcity ? Explain with the help of three relevant examples. [CBSE 2013]

Q 3.

How has irrigation changed the cropping pattern? What is its impact on the social landscape ? [CBSE Sep 2012]

Q 4.

What are dams? How do these help to conserve and manage water ?

Q 5.

"Overpopulation or large and growing population can lead to water scarcity."Explain. Mention any two lessons which you have learnt from this.

Q 6.

Explain the term ˜tankas'. Where were tankas built in India ? [CBSE 2013]

Q 7.

What role do "Guls"or "Kuls"of the Western Himalayas and "Khadin"and "Johads"in parts of Rajasthan play ? Describe. [CBSE 2012]

Q 8.

Why is there an urgent need to conserve and manage our water resources ? Mention three reasons. [CBSE 2012]
Why is it necessary to conserve water resources in India ? Explain.
Why is it essential to conserve, and manage our water resources ? Explain any three reasons. [CBSE 2012]
Why we should conserve our water resources ? Explain any three reasons. [CBSE 2012,2014]

Q 9.

"Multipurpose projects have failed to achieve the purpose for which they were built". Justify by giving reasons. [CBSE 2014]

Q 10.

How do the dams create conflicts
between the people ?

Q 11.

"Need of the hour is to conserve and manage our water resources."Mention any four reasons. Suggest any two ways to conserve water. [CBSE Sept. 2012]

Q 12.

Explain various problems associated with poor people due to construction of large dams. [CBSE 2013]

Q 13.

"Water scarcity may be an outcome of large and growing population". Justify.

Q 14.

Why is rooftop rainwater harvesting important in Rajasthan ? Explain. [CBSE 2013, 14]

Q 15.

What is importance of water ? [CBSE 2012]
"Water is a very important and critical resource in India."Support the statement by explaining any three points. [CBSE 2013]

Q 16.

What role do "Guls"or "Kuls"of the Western Himalayas and "Khadin"and "Johads"in parts of Rajasthan play ? Describe. [CBSE 2012]

Q 17.

What is hydrological cycle? What is its importance ?

Q 18.

What is water scarcity? Mention any four factors responsible for water scarcity. [CBSE 2014]
What is meant by water scarcity and give any two causes of water scarcity ?

Q 19.

How is industrialisation responsible for water scarcity? Explain. Suggest any two ways to check water pollution.

Q 20.

What is rainwater harvesting ? What is its importance ?

Q 21.

Explain three ways in which irrigation schemes have changed the social landscape of the region. [CBSE 2012]

Q 22.

(f) What is a multipurpose project ? [CBSE 2009 (D) ; Sept. 2010, 11]
(ii) Why did Pandit Jawahar Lai Nehru proclaim the river dams as the ‘Temples of Modem India?' Explain the main reason. [CBSE 2014]

Q 23.

Write the features of the ˜tankas' built in the houses of Bikaner, Phalodi and Banner. [CBSE 2013]

Q 24.

What is bamboo drip irrigation ? Mention any two features of it. [CBSE 2012]

Q 25.

Explain the rooftop rainwater harvesting technique.

Q 26.

How has agriculture aggravated the problem of water scarcity in India ? Explain. [CBSE 2014]

Q 27.

Distinguish between a dam and a multipurpose project.

Q 28.

How does urbanisation and urban lifestyle lead to over-exploitation of water resources ? Explain. [CBSE 2013]

Q 29.

Large multipurpose projects also lead to land degradation.' Explain.

Q 30.

Name any two movements that have been started to oppose multipurpose projects. Who are benefitted from such projects ?  [CBSE 2013]

Q 31.

Examine the importance of the river valley projects in the development of hydel power and irrigational facilities in India.
Give any four objectives of the multipurpose river valley projects. [CBSE Sept. 2011]

Q 32.

Multipurpose projects and large dams have also been the cause of many social movement'. Name any two such movements. Why these movements were launched ?

Q 33.

Why are different water harvesting systems considered a viable alternative both socio economically and environmentally in a country like India ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]

Q 34.

How do the multipurpose river projects affect the aquatic life ? Explain.
Explain the ecological problems being faced due to the multi-purpose river projects. [CBSE 2013]

Q 35.

Who proclaimed the dams as the temples of modern India ? Give reason.

Q 36.

"In recent years, the multipurpose projects and large dams have come under great scrutiny."Give reasons. [CBSE Sept. 2012]
Mention any four disadvantages of multi purpose projects. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2013]
Or .
How may the multipurpose river valley projects become harmful for the country ? Explain with four examples. [CBSE 2008]
Why are multipurpose projects facing resistance ? Explain with three reasons. [CB$ESept.2010]

Q 37.

How have the growing population, industrialisation and urbanisation led to water scarcity ? Explain. [CBSE 2008 (D)]
Explain any four reasons responsible for water scarcity in India. [CBSE 2010(D), Sept. 2012]
How have industrialisation and urbanisation aggravated water scarcity in India ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 14]
Give three reasons for water scarcity in post independent India. [CBSE Sept. 2010]
˜Three-fourths of the earth's surface is covered with water but there is still scarcity of water across the globe.' Explain giving three reasons. [CBSE 2011]

Q 38.

Explain the quantitative and qualitative aspects of water scarcity.
Water is available in abundance in India even then scarcity of water is experienced in major parts of the country. Explain with four examples. [CBSE 2008 (D)]