civics - gender, religion and caste

Class 10 - Civics

Gender, Religion and Caste

Q&A
Question:

What is casteism ? How is casteism in India different as compared to other societies ?
Or
Describe any five features of the caste system prevailing in India. [CBSE 2012]

Answer:

(i) Organisation of people into social groups for the purpose of marriage, work and diet is known as the caste system.
(ii) The social structure of India is based upon the caste system. All societies have some kind of social inequality and some form of division of labour, but the Indian caste system is an extreme form of division of labour based on birth.
(iii) Although in most societies, occupations are passed on from one generation to another, but in India, it is different from other societies as in this system hereditary occupational division was sanctioned by rituals.
(iv) The Indian caste system was very rigid. Members of the same caste group were supposed to form a social community that practised the same or similar occupation, married within the caste grouf), and did not eat with members from other caste groups.
(v) Indian caste system continues to be closely linked to economic status.



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Questions and Answers


Gender, Religion and Caste - Questions
1.

Political mobilisation on religious line is frequent form of communalism'. Explain.


Answer
2.

What is the basis of communal politics ?


Answer
3.

What is literacy rate among men and women in India ?


Answer
4.

The most common expression of commu- nalism is in every-day beliefs'. Explain.


Answer
5.

What is a secular state ? [CBSE 2014]


Answer
6.

Write the appropriate term :
(i) A person who says that religion is the principal basis of community.
(ii) A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men.


Answer
7.

What is communalism ? What are the major beliefs of communal people ?


Answer
8.

What is patriarchal society ?


Answer
9.

The rigid caste system is disappearing in India. Explain the major factors responsible for this. Suggest any two ways through which this can further be reduced.
Or
Why caste barriers are breaking down in India? Give three reasons to explain.


Answer
10.

Mention any two basis of social division in India.


Answer
11.

Mention any two provisions of Indian Constitution which makes India a secular state.


Answer
12.

How does the Constitution of India ensure secularism ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Or
Mention constitutional provisions that make India a secular state. [CBSE 2013]
Or
What is a secular state ? How does the Constitution of India ensure that India remains a secular state ? [CBSE 2012]


Answer
13.

What is sex ratio of India ?


Answer
14.

Discuss the sexual division of labour. Do you think sexual division of labour is a right phenomenon ?
Or
Explain the sexual division of labour. [CBSE 2013]
Or
What do you mean by sexual division of Labour ? [CBSE 2013]


Answer
15.

Why is the idea of communal politics fundamentally flawed ?


Answer
16.

Besides caste, which other factors do in matter in electoral politics ? Explain. [CBSE 2013]


Answer
17.

What is Equal Wages Act ?


Answer
18.

Political mobilisation on religious lines is a frequent form of communalism.' Explain.


Answer
19.

What are Feminist Movements? What were their major demands ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2012]
Or
What was the Feminist Movement ? Explain the political demands of the Feminist Movement in India. [CBSE 2013]


Answer
20.

How has the principle of Universal Adult Franchise helped in combating casteism ?


Answer
21.

What were Gandhiji's views regarding religion and politics ? Explain.


Answer
22.

Write the appropriate term :
(i) A person, who says that religion is the principal basis of community.
(ii) A person, who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men.
(iii) A person who does not discriminate other on the basis of religious beliefs.


Answer
23.

Who said, "Religion can never be separted from politics ?"


Answer
24.

Name the movements which agitate for women's rights. How have these movements helped in improving women's conditions ?


Answer
25.

Explain the various forms that communalism can take in politics. [CBSE Sept. 2011, 2012]
Or
What is communalism ? Explain the various forms that communalism take in politics. [CBSE 2013]
Or
Explain the main features of Communalism. What form does it take in politics ? [CBSE 2013]
Or
What is communalism ? How is communalism a hinderance in the functioning of our democracy ? Explain. [CBSE 2012]


Answer
26.

What do you mean by sexual division of labour ?


Answer
27.

Mention any positive role of caste in politics.
Or
Describe the positive and negative aspects of relationship between caste and politics [CBSE 2013, 14]


Answer
28.

Explain the relationship between religion and politics.
Or
How are religious differences expressed in politics ? [CBSE Sept. 2011]


Answer
29.

Caste has not still disappeared from contemporary India”. Give any three examples to justify the statement. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2012]


Answer
30.

Mention any one provision in the Indian Constitution which makes India a secular state.


Answer
31.

Mention any positive role of caste in politics.
Or
Describe the positive and negative aspects of relationship between caste and politics [CBSE 2013, 14]


Answer
32.

Caste has not still disappeared from contemporary India."Do you agree with the statement ? Justify your answer with suitable argument. [CBSE 2012]
Or
"Caste has not still disappeared from contemporary India."Write any three examples to justify the statement. [CBSE 2010]
Or
Explain how caste inequalities are still continuing in India ? [CBSE 2013]


Answer
33.

Why was model of Secular State chosen for India ? Explain. [CBSE 2014]


Answer
34.

How do social divisions affect politics ? Explain with examples. [CBSE 2009 (D), Sept. 2010, 2011, 14]


Answer
35.

What are family laws ? [CBSE 2014]


Answer
36.

What is casteism ? How is casteism in India different as compared to other societies ?
Or
Describe any five features of the caste system prevailing in India. [CBSE 2012]


Answer
37.

Explain the different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in India. [CBSE 2008 (D), Sept. 2010, 2012]
Or
How women in India still face discrimination and oppression in various ways ? Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Or
In our country, women still lag much behind than men despite some improvements since independence. Justify this statement by giving four reasons. [CBSE Sept. 2010]


Answer
38.

"In India women's political representation is very low". Justify.
Or
Explain the need for more representation for women as elected representatives. How can it be achieved ?
Or
What is the status of women representation in India's legislative bodies ? [CBSE 2013]


Answer
39.

Name any two countries in which the participation of woman in public life is very high.


Answer
40.

What is the population percentage of Scheduled castes according to 2001 census? [CBSE 2012]


Answer
41.

Define sex ratio.


Answer
42.

Mention any four steps which can be undertaken to improve the women's representation in politics.
Or
Suggest any three steps to improve the women's participation in politics. [CBSE Sept. 2010]


Answer
43.

What are feminist movements ? [CBSE 2014]


Answer
44.

What is casteism ? How is casteism in India different as compared to other societies ?
Or
Describe any five features of the caste system prevailing in India. [CBSE 2012]


Answer
45.

The focus on caste in politics can sometimes give an impression that elections are all about caste and nothing else. That is far from true."Explain by giving examples.


Answer
46.

What were Gandhiji's views regarding religion and politics ?


Answer
47.

Suggest any two ways to break caste hierarchy.


Answer
48.

Is the association of political parties with social groups always bad ? Give three valid arguments in support of your answer.  [CBSE 2012]


Answer
49.

What is communalism ?


Answer
50.

How can religion influence politics ? Explain.


Answer