Physical Features of India


Write a short note on The Indian Desert.


  1. The Great Indian Desert lies to the west of the Aravalli range.
  2. It largely covers a major region of the state of Rajasthan.
  3. It receives very low rainfall i.e. below 150 mm per year and therefore it is a dry region.
  4. The soil is generally sandy to sandy-loam in texture.
  5. It has arid climate with low vegetation cover.

Physical Features of India

Q 1.

Name the landmasses that were included in the Gondwanaland.

Q 2.

Name the three major divisions of the Himalayas from north to south.

Q 3.

What are Tectonic Plates?

Q 4.

Name the island group of India having coral origin.

Q 5.

Describe the physiographic divisions or physical features of India.

Q 6.

What is the bhabar?

Q 7.

Write a short note on The Indian Desert.

Q 8.

What is bhabar?

Q 9.

What are the relief features that are found in the Northern Plains?

Q 10.

Distinguish Between Converging and Diverging Tectonic Plates

Q 11.

Which plateau lies between the Aravalli and the Vindhyan ranges?

Q 12.

Discuss the geological structure of India.

Q 13.

Distinguish Between Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats.

Q 14.

Which continents of today were part of the Gondwana land?

Q 15.

Describe how the Himalayas were formed.

Q 16.

Which are the major physiographic divisions of India? Contrast the relief of the Himalayan region with that of the Peninsular plateau.

Q 17.

Give an account of the Northern Plains of India.

Q 18.

Write short notes on the following.(i) The Indian Desert, (ii) The Central Highlands
(iii) The Island Groups of India

Q 19.

Write three important features of Aravalli Hills.

Q 20.

Distinguish Between Bhangar and Khadar.