Economics

Food Security in India

Question:

How is food security affected during a calamity?

Answer:

Food security is undoubtedly affected when a calamity or disaster like earthquake, flood, drought, tsunami, widespread failure of crops occurs which causes famine and food scarcity etc.
① If a disaster or calamity or say flood, occurs, total production and supply of foodgrains decreases. It creates a shortage of food in the affected areas.
② The shortage of food causes the price rise in foodgrains. At the high prices, poor people cannot afford to buy food.
③ The condition worsens and becomes more grave when such calamity happens in a very widespread area for a longer duration. It may cause a situation of starvation.
④ If this starvation is at mass level, it might take a turn to famine. A famine often leads to widespread deaths due to starvation.
⑤ The destructive epidemics also spread over the affected areas due to forced use of contaminated water, decaying food and loss of body resistance because of weakening due to starvation. India's poor population amounts to more than 300 million people, with almost 30 percent of India's rural population living in poverty.
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Food Security in India

Q 1.

Name the year when a devastating famine occurred in India.

Q 2.

Why is agriculture a seasonal activity?

Q 3.

What is food security? What conditions should be fulfilled to ensure food security in a country like India?

Q 4.

What is rationing?

Q 5.

A section of people in India are still without food. Explain?

Q 6.

List the three A's Food security implies to?

Q 7.

What is buffer stock?

Q 8.

Define Famine.

Q 9.

Which states are more food insecure in India?

Q 10.

What are the dimensions of food security?

Q 11.

List the kinds of ration cards available?

Q 12.

Write a note on the role of cooperatives in providing food and related items.

Q 13.

Why is food security essential?

Q 14.

What is Minimum Support Price?

Q 15.

Why is a buffer stock created by the government?

Q 16.

What are the benefits from PDS?

Q 17.

How is food security ensured in India?

Q 18.

What is Public Distribution System (PDS)?

Q 19.

Which two special schemes related to food security were launched in 2000? What were the objective of these schemes?

Q 20.

What is Chronic hunger?

Q 21.

Which are the people more prone to food insecurity?

Q 22.

Describe any three categories of people who are prone to food insecurity.

Q 23.

Define Green Revolution.

Q 24.

Do you believe that green revolution has made India self-sufficient in food grains? How?

Q 25.

Differentiate between seasonal hunger and chronic hunger?

Q 26.

Define malnutrition.

Q 27.

What are the functions of food corporation of India?

Q 28.

How does World Summit 1995 define 'Food Security'?

Q 29.

Name any six co-operative societies of the country.

Q 30.

What happens to the supply of food when there is a disaster or a calamity?

Q 31.

Describe the achievements of Public Distribution System (PDS).

Q 32.

What changes have been noticed in the Public Distribution System recently?

Q 33.

How is food security affected during a calamity?

Q 34.

What is seasonal hunger?

Q 35.

Write notes on:Minimum Support Price, Buffer Stock, Issue Price and Fair Price Shops.

Q 36.

What has our government done to provide food security to the poor? Discuss any two schemes launched by the government?