State the laws of reflection.


Laws of reflection:
(i)The angle of reflection is always equal to the angle of iincidence.
(ii)The incident ray, the reflected ray and the normal to the reflective surface at the point of incidence all lie in the same plane.


Q 1.

State the laws of reflection.

Q 2.

What is the angle of incidence of a ray if the reflected ray is at an angle of 90° to the incident ray?

Q 3.

(a)Find out the position of the image of an object situated at A in the plane mirror (Fig. 16.21).(b)Can Paheli at B see this image?(c)Can Boojho at C see this image?(d)When Paheli moves from B to C, where does the image of A move?

Q 4.

Gurmit wanted to perform Activity 16.8 using a laser torch. Her teacher advised her not to do so. Can you explain the basis of the teacher's advice?

Q 5.

Two mirrors meet at right angles. A ray of light is incident on one at an angle of 30° as shown in Fig. 16.19. Draw the reflected ray from the second mirror.

Q 6.

Boojho stands at A just on the side of a plane mirror as shown in Fig. 16.20. Can he see himself in the mirror? Also can he see the image of objects situated at P. Q and R?

Q 7.

Differentiate between regular and diffused reflection. Does diffused reflection mean the failure of the laws of reflection?

Q 8.

Describe the construction of a kaleidoscope.

Q 9.

Explain how you can take care of your eyes.

Q 10.

Describe an activity to show that the incident ray, the reflected ray and the normal at the point of incidence lie in the same plane.

Q 11.

Suppose you are in a dark room. Can you see objects in the room? Can you see objects outside the room? Explain.

Q 12.

How many images of a candle will be formed if it is placed between two parallel plane mirrors separated by 40 cm?