Geography

Agriculture

Question:

Explain shifting cultivation.

Answer:

Shifting cultivation is a class of primitive subsistence agriculture. In this, a plot of land is cleared by the farmer. This is done by felling the trees and burning them. The ashes are then mixed with soil and crops are grown. After some time, the land is abandoned and the farmer moves to a different place. This type of farming is common in the thickly forested areas of the Amazon basin, tropical Africa, parts of south-east Asia and north-east India. It is also called "slash and burn"agriculture, because of the process of felling and burning the trees is involved.

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Agriculture

Q 1.

How was the word ˜agriculture, coined?

Q 2.

How can one increase agricultural production?

Q 3.

What are tertiary activities?

Q 4.

Name the inputs and outputs of agriculture in general. Also mention the various operations involved.

Q 5.

What is meant by arable land?

Q 6.

What is arable land?

Q 7.

What weather conditions are required in the growing and harvesting seasons of wheat?

Q 8.

What do you understand by agricultural development?

Q 9.

Give reasons.
(i) In India agriculture is a primary activity.
(ii) Different crops are grown in different regions.

Q 10.

Why is mixed farming called so?

Q 11.

In what sorts of areas are agricultural activities concentrated?

Q 12.

Match the items given in Column I correctly with those given in Column II
ncert-solutions-for-class-8-geography-social-science-agriculture-2

Q 13.

Answer the following questions.
(i) What is agriculture?
(ii) Name the factors influencing agriculture.
(iii) What is shifting cultivation? What are its disadvantages?
(iv) What is plantation agriculture?
(v) Name the fibre crops and name the climatic conditions required for their growth.

Q 14.

What is plantation agriculture?

Q 15.

How is farming classified?

Q 16.

Name the 3 sectors of activities done by people.

Q 17.

What is the difference between Subsistence farming and Commercial farming?

Q 18.

In what sort of areas is nomadic herding practised?

Q 19.

What is agriculture?

Q 20.

Give reasons.
Different crops are grown in different regions.

Q 21.

Distinguish between the followings.
Primary activities and tertiary activities.

Q 22.

What is the main feature of plantation agriculture?

Q 23.

What is the basic function of the three basic types of economic activities?

Q 24.

Name the factors influencing agriculture?

Q 25.

Which two countries lead in the production of jute?

Q 26.

Give reasons.
In India agriculture is a primary activity.

Q 27.

How is subsistence farming classified?

Q 28.

Enlist the climate conditions required for the proper cultivation of rice. Mention the main regions of its production.

Q 29.

Describe subsistence farming and its types in detail.

Q 30.

Explain shifting cultivation.

Q 31.

Tick the correct answer.
(i) Horticulture means
(a) growing of fruits and vegetables (b) primitive farming (c) growing of wheat
(ii) Golden fibre refers to
(a) tea (b) cotton
(c) jute
(iii) Leading producers of coffee
(a) Brazil (b) India (c) Russiac

Q 32.

What is shifting cultivation? What are its disadvantages?

Q 33.

What is Nomadic herding?

Q 34.

What are the activities under the secondary sector?

Q 35.

What is mixed cropping or mixed farming?

Q 36.

Describe commercial farming and its types in detail.

Q 37.

Fill in the blank spaces given to complete each sentence.
(i) In the world, ………. per cent of the population is engaged in agriculture.
(ii) …………. is the commercial rearing of silkworms.
(iii) ………. and …………… are two fundamental types of farming.
(iv) In the thickly populated areas of monsoon regions of Asia, the major class of farming done is ……………..
(v)………….,…………..,………….. and …………. are animals usually reared by nomadic herders.
(vi) In ………. ,land is used for growing food and fodder crops and rearing livestock.
(vii) ………….. and ……….. are fibre crops.
(viii) Tea is a major…………… crop in India.
(ix) Wheat thrives best in ……………. soil.
(x) The three major millets in India are ………….. and ………..

Q 38.

State whether each of the following statements is true (T) or false (F).
(i) Favourable topography of soil and climate are vital for agriculture.
(ii) Household labour is involved in subsistence farming.
(iii) A transport network is significant for plantation agriculture.
(iv) Major plantations are found in tundra regions.
(v) In the USA, the farmer usually resides in the farm.

Q 39.

What are the advantages in mixed cropping?

Q 40.

Write a brief note on Intensive subsistence farming.

Q 41.

Name the fibre crops and name the climatic conditions required for their growth.

Q 42.

What are the 3 categories of Commercial farming?

Q 43.

Distinguish between the followings.
(i) Primary activities and secondary activities.
(ii) Subsistence farming and intensive farming.

Q 44.

Write a short note on the types of economic activities. Give examples.

Q 45.

Write a note on Munna Lal and his farm “ land.

Q 46.

Find out the difference between the lifestyle of farmers in the USA and India on the basis of pictures collected from magazines, books, newspapers and the internet.

Q 47.

What are the different kinds of cultivation?