Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities


Who were the Ahoms? How did they build a large state?      [Imp.]


The Ahoms were the tribal people who migrated to the Brahmputra valley from present-day Myanmar in the 13th century. They created a new state by suppressing the older political system of the bhuiyans i.e. landlords. During the 16th century, they annexed the kingdoms of the Chhutiyas in 1523 and of Koch- Hajo in 1581. They also subjugated many other tribes. In this way, the Ahoms built a large state and for this they used firearms as early as 1530s.


Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities

Q 1.

Who was Durgaivaii?

Q 2.

How did the castes of entertainers earn their livelihood?

Q 3.

What do present-day historians use to write tribal histories?     [V. Imp.]

Q 4.

How did tribal societies change after being organised into a state?

Q 5.

Mention some special features of tribal societies.        [Imp.]

Q 6.

Find out more about present-day nomadic pastoral groups in the sub-continent.

Q 7.

Name the items which the Mughals captured by defeating the Goods.

Q 8.

Who was Aman Das?

Q 9.

Fill in the blanks:  
(a) The new castes emerging within vamas were called……………………
(b) ……… were historical works written by the Ahoms.
(c) The…….. mentions that Garha Katanga had 70,000 villages.
(d) As tribal stales became bigger and stronger they gave land grants to………….. ..

Q 10.

What kinds of exchanges took place between nomadic pastoralists and settled agriculturists?

Q 11.

Who were specialised artisans?

Q 12.

Which tribe was very influential in Punjab during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries?  

Q 13.

Name the tribe which was powerful in the north-west.

Q 14.

How did the tribal people earn their livelihood? [V. Imp.]

Q 15.

Who introduced new methods of rice cultivation?

Q 16.

When did the Mughals attack the Ahom kingdom?

Q 17.

Were the Banjaras important for the economy?

Q 18.

Name any two tribes which lived in the extreme South

Q 19.

Who were the Ahoms? How did they build a large state?      [Imp.]

Q 20.

Write a short note on Bcuyaras'.

Q 21.

What made the Brahmanas more influential in the Gond Society? [V. Imp.]

Q 22.

How was the administration of the Ahom state organized?

Q 23.

How did the nomadic pastoralists earn their living? [V. Imp.]

Q 24.

What changes took place in vama-based society?

Q 25.

Find out about present-day government policies towards tribal populations and organise a discussion about these.

Q 26.

What do you know about the Ahom Society?

Q 27.

Match the following:
garh             –      khel
tanda           –    chaurasi
labourer      –    caravan
clan             –    Garha Katanga
Sib Singh    –  Ahom State
Durgawati   –  paik

Q 28.

What made Garha Katanga a rich state?        [V. Imp.]

Q 29.

State whether true or false:
(a) Tribal societies had rich oral traditions.
(b) There were no tribal communities in the north-western part of the subcontinent.
(c) The Chaurasi in Gond states contained several cities.
(d) The Bhils lived in the north-eastern part of the sub-continent.

Q 30.

Give a brief account of the tribal people found in different parts of the subcontinent [V. Imp.]

Q 31.

Who controlled garh?

Q 32.

In what ways was the history of the Gonds different from that of the Ahoms? Were there any similarities?

Q 33.

Write a brief note on the administrative system of the Gond Kingdom. [V. Imp.]

Q 34.

When did the Mughal forces attack Garha Katanga?

Q 35.

How did Sultan Alauddin Khalji and the Mughals use the Bcuyaras?

Q 36.

Write in brief about Rani DurgawatL

Q 37.

Plot the location of the tribes mentioned in this chapter on a map. For any two, discuss whether their mode of livelihood was suited to the geography and the environment of the area where they lived.