The Making of Regional Cultures


How are women depicted in the stories about Rajput heroes?


Sometimes these stories depict women as the cause for conflict, as men fought with one another to either win or protect them (women). Women are also depicted as following their heroic husbands in both life and death. We are familiar with the stories about the practice of sati or the immolation of widows on the funeral pyre of their husbands. So. those who followed the heroic ideal often had to pay for it with their lives.


The Making of Regional Cultures

Q 1.

Why did conquerors try to control the temple of Jagannatha at Puri?

Q 2.

How were the Rajput rulers most distinctive?

Q 3.

What do terracotta plaques on the walls of temples and viharas depict?[V. Imp.]

Q 4.

Mention all the six dance forms that are recognised as classical.

Q 5.

Do you use different languages for (a) speaking, (b) reading, (c) writing? Find out about one major composition in language that you use and discuss why you find it interesting.

Q 6.

What are the Important architectural features of the temples of Bengal?

Q 7.

What do terracotta plaques on the walls of temples and viharas depict?[V. Imp.]

Q 8.

On what objects do we fiend paintings of ordinary people?

Q 9.

Why do we know much more about the cultural practices of rulers than about those of ordinary people?

Q 10.

Under whose patronage did kathak grow into a major art form?

Q 11.

Who were the Kathaks?

Q 12.

What is Manipravalam? Name abook written in that language.

Q 13.

Why was the second category of the early Bengali literature not written down?

Q 14.

What are miniatures?

Q 15.

Why did minstrels proclaim the achievements of heroes?

Q 16.

Who was Anantavarman?

Q 17.

What is the Brihaddharma Parana?

Q 18.

Where did Kathak develop?

Q 19.

Why were the Bengal Brahmanas allowed to eat fish?

Q 20.

What distinguished Kangra painting from the paintings?

Q 21.

Who were the major patrons of Kathak?

Q 22.

Choose one state each from north, west, south, east and central India. For each of these, prepare a list of foods that are commonly consumed, highlighting any differences and similarities that you notice.

Q 23.

How are women depicted in the stories about Rajput heroes?

Q 24.

How did regional cultures evolve?    [V. Imp.]

Q 25.

Describe the most important features of the culture of your region, focussing on buildings, performing arts and painting.

Q 26.

Why were temples built in Bengal?

Q 27.

How did Bengali develop as a regional language?

Q 28.

How did the Cheras draw upon Sanskritic traditions?

Q 29.

Match the following :
Anantavarnam         – Kerala  
Jagannatha               – Bengal
Mahodayapurma     – Orissa
Lilatilakam              – Kangra
Mangalakavya        – Puri
Miniature                 –  Kerala

Q 30.

How did miniature painting develop under the Mughal patronage? [V. Imp.]

Q 31.

Who were the Naths? .

Q 32.

Choose another set of five states from each these regions and prepare a list of clothes that are generally worn by women and men in each. Discuss your findings.

Q 33.

Who were the pirs? What was their position in the society?  [V. Imp.]

Q 34.

What are the chief food items of the Bengalis?

Q 35.

Mention the role of the Chercis in the development of Malayalam.

Q 36.

Whom did King Anangabhima III dedicate his kingdom to? What did he proclaim himself ?

Q 37.

Write a brief note on early Bengali literature.

Q 38.

Give a detailed description ofKathak, a popular classical dance form of north India. [V. Imp.]

Q 39.

What is the significance of fish in Bengal? [Imp.]

Q 40.

What do you know about Rajput tradition of heroism? Write in brief [V. Imp.]

Q 41.

What was called Rajputana by the British?

Q 42.

Define the term Kathak.