History

The Delhi Sultans

Question:

Muhammad Tughluq's administrative measures were a failure'. Explain withexamples.

Answer:

Muhammad Tughluq's administrative measures were a failure, we can prove this

statement with following points :

  1. He campaigned into Kashmir which was finally a disaster. He then gave up his plans to invade Transoxiana and disbanded his large army.
  2. His administrative measures created problems. He shifted the residents of the old city to the new capital of Daulatabad in the south. People did not like this step taken by Muhammad Tughluq. They resented collectively.
  3. Tughluq, in order to meet the expense of maintaining a large number of soldiers, levied additional taxes which increased the burden of common people.
  4. The famine in the Ganga-Yamuna belt led to widespread rebellion.
  5. Muhammad Tughluq's policy of ‘token' currency also proved a failure. People of the 14th century did not trust this currency. They were very smart. They saved their gold and silver coins and paid all their taxes to the state with the token currency. This cheap currency could also be counterfeited easily.
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The Delhi Sultans

Q 1.

Why were accountants appointed by the state?

Q 2.

Which ruler first established his or her capital at Delhi?

Q 3.

In whose reign did the Sultanate reach its farthest extent?

Q 4.

What is a mosque called in Arabic?

Q 5.

Why did Alauddin control the prices of goods in Delhi? What did he do for this?

Q 6.

According to the circle of justice' why was it important for military commanders to keep the interests of the peasantry in mind?

Q 7.

What was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans?

Q 8.

From which country did Ibn Battuta travel to India?

Q 9.

Why did the authors of tawarikh write their histories for Sultans?

Q 10.

Do you think the authors of tawarikh would provide information about the lives of ordinary men and women?

Q 11.

What is the literal meaning of mosque?

Q 12.

What was the impact of the Mongol invasions on the Delhi Sultanate?Ans. The Delhi Sultanate mobilised a large standing army in Delhi. It posed a big administrative challenge.

Q 13.

Raziyya Sultan was unique in the history of the Delhi Sultanate. Do you think women leaders are accepted more readily today?

Q 14.

W/u/ was Raziyya removed from the throne? 

Q 15.

Mention the sources that provide a lot of information about the Delhi Sultans.[V. Imp.]

Q 16.

Find out whether there are many buildings built by the Delhi Sultans in your area. Are there any other buildings in your area that were built between the twelfth and fifteenth centuries? Describe some of these buildings, and draw sketches of them.

Q 17.

Name the five dynasties that together made the Delhi Sultanate.

Q 18.

What is called the qibla?

Q 19.

Give an account of Muhammad Tughluq's administration.

Q 20.

For how many years the Suri dynasty rule?

Q 21.

What is meant by the internal' and external' frontiers of the Sultanate?

Q 22.

Why did large parts of the subcontinent remain outside the control of the Delhi Sultans? What were the repurcussions? [V. Imp.]

Q 23.

What was the duty of the muqtis?

Q 24.

Who was Raziyya? Why was she not accepted as a Sultan inspite of being talented? [V. Imp.]

Q 25.

Why did the early Delhi Sultans favour their slaves?

Q 26.

How did the Khaljis and Tughluqs help the people of humble birth? How did it lead to political instability?

Q 27.

Describe in brief Tughluq's policy of token' currency.

Q 28.

When did the Delhi Sultanate lag its foundation?

Q 29.

Who was Sher Shah Sur? What do you know about his administration?[V. Imp.]

Q 30.

Why were the Delhi Sultans interested in cutting down forests? Does deforestation occur for the same reasons today?

Q 31.

Give an account of Alauddin's administrative measures.

Q 32.

Muhammad Tughluq's administrative measures were a failure'. Explain withexamples.

Q 33.

How did the chieftains arrange for their defence?

Q 34.

Name the three types of taxes collected during the Sultanate period.

Q 35.

Why did the authors of Persian tawarikh criticise the Delhi Sultans? [Imp.]

Q 36.

What were the four stages in the making of a manuscript?

Q 37.

Who defeated the Tomara Rajputs and when?

Q 38.

Who were the authors of tawarikh? Write in brief about them.

Q 39.

What were the steps taken to ensure that muqtis performed their duties? Why do you think they may have wanted to defy the orders of the Sultans?