History

Kingdoms, Kings and an Early Republic

Question:

Write a short note on the ashvamedha' ritual

Answer:

The ashvamedha' (horse sacrifice) was a ritual used to recognise men as rajas'. A horse was left to wander freely. If it wandered into another kingdom and the king of that kingdom stopped it, they had to fight. The raja' who succeeded in the challenge was recognised as stronger. He would then perform the sacrifice, in which other kings would also come.

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Kingdoms, Kings and an Early Republic

Q 1.

Who were the groups who could not participate in the assemblies of the ganas' ?

Q 2.

Name a ritual used to recognise someone as a raja'.

Q 3.

For what did rulers need taxes?

Q 4.

What changes took place in agriculture around this time?    [V. Imp.]

Q 5.

Find the state in which you live in the political map on page 136. Were there any janapadas' in your state ? If yes, name them. If not, name the janapadas' that would have been the closest to your state, and mention whether they were to the east, west, north or south.

Q 6.

Name two janapadas' in North India.

Q 7.

How were cities fortified?

Q 8.

Which rulers conquered the last of the ganas' or anghas'?

Q 9.

Which category of people was excluded from the rituals?

Q 10.

Why did the rajas' of mahqjanapadas' build forts?

Q 11.

What were the different roles of different persons in the sacrifice? [V. Imp.]

Q 12.

Name tivo rivers that flowed through Magadha.

Q 13.

Name some places conquered by Alexander

Q 14.

Write a short note on the governance system in ganas' or sanghas'? [V. Imp.]

Q 15.

What is known about the janapadas' and their people?

Q 16.

State whether true or false:
(a) Rajas' who let the ashvamedha' horse pass through their lands were irwited to the sacrifice.
(b)The charioteer sprinkled sacred water on the king.
(c)Archaeologists have found palaces in the settlements of the ‘janapadas'.
(d)Pots to store grain were made out of Painted Grey Ware.
(e)Many cities in mahajanapadas' were fortified.

Q 17.

What was an important features of capital cities of mahqjanapadas'? Why were they fortified? How were they fortified?   [V. Imp.]

Q 18.

Fill in the blanks with appropriate words to complete each sentence:
(i) Some changes took place in the ways of choosing new rajas' about………………….. years  ago.
(ii) Purana Qila was a settlement in a janapada' and is now located in ………………………
(iii) Archaeologists have discovered that people in janapadas' lived in ……………………….
(iv) Painted Grey Ware is a type of…………………
(v) The taxes on crops were called ………………
(vi) Herders were supposed to pay taxes in the form of…………………….
(vii) Kammakara' was a word used for …………………
(viii) A ruler called……….. extended the control of Magadha up to the northwest part  of the subcontinent.

Q 19.

In what ways are present-day elections different from the ways in which rulers were chosen in janapadas'?

Q 20.

Write a short note on the ashvamedha' ritual