Political Science

The Cold War Era

Question:

Sometimes it is said that the Cold War was a simple struggle for power and that ideology had nothing to do with it. Do you agree with this? Give one example to support your position.

Answer:

Yes, the Cold War was a simple struggle for power and that ideology had nothing to do with it because:
1. The Cold War led to several shooting wars but this did not lead to another World War.
2. Despite direct confrontations in Korea (1950-53), Berlin (1958-62), the Congo (early 1960s), neither alliance system crossed certain limits.
3. Many lives have been lost in some of the arenas like Korea, Vietnam and Afghanistan but World War spread a nuclear war or global hostilities.

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The Cold War Era

Q 1.

Why did the superpowers have military alliances with smaller countries? Give three reasons.

Q 2.

Mention the period of first and second World Wars.

Q 3.

What does USSR stand for?

Q 4.

When and where the first NAM Summit was held?

Q 5.

When did NATO come into existence? How many states joined it?

Q 6.

Name two leaders who played crucial role in Cuban Missile Crisis.

Q 7.

Who was the key leader of NAM who tried to reduce the Cold War conflicts?

Q 8.

What is meant b; .old War?

Q 9.

What led to the emergence of bipolar world? What were the arenas of Cold War between the two power blocs?

Q 10.

Name any two t,rms control treaties signed between two superpowers in 1960s.

Q 11.

Why did India not join either of the two camps during the Cold War?

Q 12.

1. Why was the Soviet Union worried about America invading Cuba?
2. In response to the action taken by America, what did Nikita Khrushchev do?
3. Why were the two superpowers reluctant to start nuclear war?  

Q 13.

Name any two foreign leaders alongwith the countries they belonged to, who are recognised as the founders of NAM.

Q 14.

What was India's foreign policy towards the USandUSSR during the Cold War era? Do you think that this policy helped India's interests?

Q 15.

What was Limited Test Ban Treaty (LTBT)?

Q 16.

" Non-alignment posture was in the interest of India". How?

Q 17.

Why was the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation also called Western Alliance?

Q 18.

Name any two founders of Non-aligned Movement. The first NAM summit was the culmination of which three factors?

Q 19.

Sometimes it is said that the Cold War was a simple struggle for power and that ideology had nothing to do with it. Do you agree with this? Give one example to support your position.

Q 20.

1. Why is a war like situation called Cold War?
2. Identify one military pact each signed by each of the two super powers to balance the power rivalries.
3. Differentiate between the ideologies represented by the rival blocs.

Q 21.

How were the military alliances beneficial to smaller nations during the Cold War?

Q 22.

Explain the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Q 23.

What do you understand by Least Developed Countries?

Q 24.

What was the main objective of New International Economic Order?

Q 25.

What was India's policy of Non ¬alignment?

Q 26.

Mention any four important events which took place during Cuban Missile Crisis.

Q 27.

Explain any four objectives on Non- aligned Movement.

Q 28.

Explain Eastern and Western alliance during Cold war.

Q 29.

NAM was considered a third option' by third world countries! How did this option benefit their growth during the peak of the Cold War?

Q 30.

Explain various arms control treaties.
Or
Define the various treaties to control arms.

Q 31.

What was deterrence relationship between superpowers?

Q 32.

On the political map of world locate and level the following by giving symbols to them:
ncert-solutions-class-12-political-science-cold-war-era-1


Study the given map of the world in which six different countries have been marked 1,2,3,4,5,6. Identify these countries with their names and classify them as first, second, third world countries.

Q 33.

" Non-alignment does not imply neutrality or equidistance."What does this statement mean?

Q 34.

What do you th nk about the statement that NAM has bdcoPie irrelevant today? Give reasons to support your opinion.
Or
What is the relevance of non-aligned movement after the end of Cold War?

Q 35.

1. Describe any six factors responsible for the disintegration of USSR.
Or
What is meant by New International Economic Order? Mention any four reforms of the global trading system proposed by UNCTAD in 1972.

Q 36.

How did superpowers maintain arms- control?

Q 37.

Name the two superpowers responsible for Cold War. When did the world become unipolar?

Q 38.

"India's policy of non-alignment was criticised on a number of counts."Explain.

Q 39.

The Cold War produced an arms race as well as arms control. What were the reasons for both these development?

Q 40.

Why were most of the countries categorised as Least Developed Countries?

Q 41.

How did deterrence relationship prevented war between two superpowers?

Q 42.

What was the difference in the ideology of Western Alliances and that of Eastern Alliances?

Q 43.

Mention two military features of the Cold War.

Q 44.

Why did India distance itself from the two camps led by the U.S. and the Soviet Union? Explain.

Q 45.

How did Europe become main arena of conflict between the superpowers?

Q 46.

When did NATO and WARSAW PACT come into existence?

Q 47.

Why did India distance itself from the two camps led by the U.S. and the Soviet Union? Explain.

Q 48.

Here is a list of countries. Write against each of these blocs they belonged to during the Cold War.

Q 49.

1. What does NATO stand for?
2. What was NATO's policy?
3. What was Warsaw Pact?
4. Mention the main function of Warsaw Pact.

Q 50.

What is meant by the Cuba Missile Crisis?