Political Science

International Organisations

Question:

Study the picture  given below and answer the questions that follow:
ncert-solutions-for-class-12-political-science-international-organisations-2

Questions
1. What does the cartoon represent?
2. What type of crisis does the cartoon show?
3. What message does the cartoon convey?

Answer:

1. A humanitarian crisis in Darfur, Sudan.
2. Starvation, genocide, horror etc.
3. A Big Helping of Words' only because during these crises, the international organisations performed debates, speeches on these but no actual aid or support was reached to peoples.

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International Organisations

Q 1.

Discuss the resolution adopted by General Assembly in 1992 over the reform of the UN Security Council.

Q 2.

How many member countries have got veto power in the UN Security Council and why?

Q 3.

What are the functions of Security Council?

Q 4.

Though the UN has failed in preventing wars and related miseries, nations prefer its continuation. What makes the UN an indispensable organisation?

Q 5.

Name any two member states of the European Union who are permanent members of the UN Security Council.

Q 6.

State any two objectives of the UN.

Q 7.

What steps should be taken to make the UN more relevant in the changing context?

Q 8.

Match the principal organs and agencies of the UN with their functions:
A. 1. Economic and Social Council
2. International Court of Justice
3. International Atomic Energy Agency
4. Security Council
5. UN High Commission for Refugees
6. World Trade Organisation
7. International Monetary Fund
8. General Assembly
9. World Health Organisation
10. Secretariat
B. (a) Oversees the global financial system.
(b) Reservation of international peace and security.
(c) Looks into the economic and social welfare of the member countries.
(d) Safety and peaceful use of nuclear technology.
(e) Resolves disputes between and among member countries.
(f) Provides shelter and medical help during emergencies.
(g) Debates and discusses global issues.
(h) Administration and coordination of UN affairs.
(i) Providing good health for all.
(j) Facilitates free trade among member countries.

Q 9.

Critically evaluate the difficulties involved in implementing the suggested reforms to reconstruct the UN.

Q 10.

State any two objectives of Human Rights watch.

Q 11.

What reforms in the UN are required?

Q 12.

Describe any six criteria for the new membership of Security Council as suggested after 1997.

Q 13.

Mark correct or wrong against each of the following statements about the veto power:
(a) Only the permanent members of the Security Council possess the veto power.
(b) It's a kind of negative power.
(c) The Secretary General uses this power when not satisfied with any decision.
(d) One veto can stall a Security Council resolution.

Q 14.

As a citizen of India, how would you support India's candidature for the permanent membership of Security Council? Justify your proposal.

Q 15.

Examine the role played by India in the implementation of UN policies and programmes.

Q 16.

Mention any two agencies of the United Nations.

Q 17.

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions:
Countries have conflicteand differences with each other. That does not necessarily mean they must go to war to deal with their antagonisms. They can instead discuss contentious issues and find peaceful solutions, indeed, even though this is rarely noticed most conflicts and differences are resolved without going to war. The role of an international organisation is not a super-state with authority over its members. It is created by and responds to states. It comes into being when states agree to its creation. Once created, it can help member states resolve their problems peacefully.
1. Is this necessary to engage into wars during conflicts among countries?
2. Is an international organisation a super state?
3. What is the significance of international organisation?

Q 18.

Can the UN serve as a balance against the US dominance?

Q 19.

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions:
By 2006, the UN had 192 member states. These included almost all independent states. In the UN General Assembly, all members have one vote each. In the UN Security Council, there are five permanent members. These are the US, UK, Russia, France, China. These states were selected as permanent members as they were most powerful immediately after the Second World War and because they constituted the victors in the war.

Questions
1. How many member states were there in the UN 2006?
2. Name five permanent members of UN Security Council.
3. Why these states were selected as permanent?

Q 20.

What is the veto power? Should it be modified?

Q 21.

Critically evaluate the difficulties involved in implementing the suggested reforms to reconstruct the U.N.

Q 22.

Who is present Secretary General of the United Nations?

Q 23.

How far did the UN perform its role successor fully in maintaining peace in the world? Explain.

Q 24.

"Reforming the UN means restructuring of the Security Council". Do you agree with this statement? Give arguments for or against this position.

Q 25.

Mark correct or wrong against each of the following statements about the way the UN functions:
(a) All security and peace related issues are dealt within the Security Council.
(b) Humanitarian policies are implemented by the main organs and specialised agencies spread across the globe.
(c) Having consensus among five permanent members on security issues is vital for its implementation.
(d) The members of the General Assembly are automatically the members of all other principal organs and specialised agencies of the UN.

Q 26.

What is the main objective of the United Nations?

Q 27.

Fill in the blanks:
(a) The prime objective of UN is
(b) The highest functionary of the UN is called
(c) The UN Security Council has permanent and non permanent members.
(d) is the present UN Secretary General.

Q 28.

On a political outline map of the world locate and label the following and symbolise them as indicated:
ncert-solutions-for-class-12-political-science-international-organisations-3

Questions
1. Five permanent members of UN Security Council and symbolise them as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
2. Locate and label peace keeping operations.

Q 29.

Study the picture given below and answer the questions that follow:
ncert-solutions-for-class-12-political-science-international-organisations-1

Questions
1. What does the cartoon represent?
2. Who is the person being commented in the cartoon?
3. What message does the cartoon convey?

Q 30.

Suggest any six steps since 2005 to make the United Nations more relevant in the changing context.

Q 31.

Mention any two advantages of having international organisation in the world?

Q 32.

Study the picture  given below and answer the questions that follow:
ncert-solutions-for-class-12-political-science-international-organisations-2

Questions
1. What does the cartoon represent?
2. What type of crisis does the cartoon show?
3. What message does the cartoon convey?