History

Kings, Farmers and Towns

Question:

Discuss the evidence of craft production in Early Historic cities. In what ways is this different from the evidence from Harappan cities?

Answer:

Widespread and deep excavations in the early historic towns have not been possible due to the fact that these towns are still inhabited. In Harappan Civilisation, we have been fortunate enough that excavations have taken place widespread. Despite this shortcoming, we have found many artefacts in the historic towns. These throw light on the craftsmanship of those days. There are other evidences too, that throw light on the craftsmanship of those days. The salient features of such evidences are as follows:
1.From the sights the fine pottery bowls and dishes have been found. They are glossy too and we call them Northern Black Polished Ware. It looks they were used by the rich people.
2.There have also been evidence of ornaments, tools, weapons, vessels and figurines. There are a wide range of items made of gold, silver, copper, bronze, ivory, glass, shell and terracotta.
3.The donor inscription tells who all lived in towns in terms of professionals and craftsmen. It included washer men, weaver, scribes, carpenters, goldsmith, ironsmith, etc. It is notable in Harappan towns there are no evidences of iron use.
4.The craftsmen and artisans built their guilds too. They collectively bought raw materials, produced and marketed their products.

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Kings, Farmers and Towns

Q 1.

List some of the problems faced by the epigraphists.

Q 2.

Describe the salient features of Mahajanapadas.

Q 3.

Compare and contrast the list of things given to the Pandyan chief (Source 3) with those produced in the village of Danguna (source 8). Do you notice any similarities and differences?

Q 4.

Discuss the main features of the Mauryan administration. Which of these elements are evident in the Asokan inscriptions that you have studied?

Q 5.

Describe the salient features of Mahajanapadas.

Q 6.

Discuss the evidence of craft production in Early Historic cities. In what ways is this different from the evidence from Harappan cities?

Q 7.

How do historians reconstruct the lives of ordinary people?

Q 8.

To what extent were agricultural practices transformed in the period under consideration?

Q 9.

This is a statement made by one of the best-known epigraphists of the twentieth century, D.C. Sircar: "There is no aspect of life, culture, activities of the Indians that is not reflected in inscriptions."Discuss.

Q 10.

Discuss the notions of kingship that developed in the post-Mauryan period.

Q 11.

List some of the problems faced by the epigraphists.

Q 12.

Discuss the main features of the Mauryan administration. Which of these elements are evident in the Asokan inscriptions that you have studied?