History

Colonialism and the Countryside

Question:

How did Zamindars manage to retain control over their zamindaris?

Answer:

When zamindars were in bad times, they often resorted to various tactics to maintain control over their zamindari. These were in fact their survival tactics. Following are the important ones.
1.Zamindars created fictitious sales during auction. Their own men would make
highest bid and later refused to pay up. After repeating this exercise for couple of occasions, the government would be tired and sell it back to zamindar at lesser rate.
2.A part of Estate was often transferred to female members of the family, and that part of property could not be taken by the government any more.
3.Zamindars put hurdle in purchase and occupation of the estate by others by use of sheer muscle power.
4.Sometimes even peasants under the influence of zamindars opposed auction of estate.

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Colonialism and the Countryside

Q 1.

How did the American Civil War affect the lives of the ryots in India ?

Q 2.

What are the problems of using the official sources in writing about the history of peasants.

Q 3.

Why were so many Zamindaris auctioned after the Permanent settlement?

Q 4.

What explains the anger of Deccan ryots against the moneylenders?

Q 5.

Why did the Santhals rebel against British rule ?

Q 6.

Why did the Santhals rebel against British rule ?

Q 7.

How did Zamindars manage to retain control over their zamindaris?

Q 8.

On an outline map of the subcontinent, mark out the areas described in this chapter. Find out whether there were other areas where the Permanent Settlement and the ryotwari system were prevalent and plot these on the map as well.

Q 9.

In what way was the livelihood of Paharias different from that of Santhals?

Q 10.

Why was jotedar a powerful figure in many areas of rural Bengal ?

Q 11.

How did the Paharias respond to the coming of outsiders?