Biology

Anatomy of Flowering Plants

Question:

Below is a list of plant fibres. From which part of the plant these are obtained
a. Coir b. Hemp
c. Cotton d. Jute

Answer:

a. Coir—Mesocarp of coconut fruit (drupe)
b. Hemp—Phloem or bast fibre
c. Cotton—Epidermal hair of seed
d. Jute—Phloem or bast fibre

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Anatomy of Flowering Plants

Q 1.

What constitutes the cambial ring?

Q 2.

Is Pinus an evergreen tree? Comment.

Q 3.

Arrange the following in the sequence you would find them in a plant starting from the periphery – phellem, phellogen, phelloderm.

Q 4.

Trunks of some of the aged tree species appear to be composed of several fused trunks. Is it a physiological or anatomical abnormality? Explain in detail.

Q 5.

Protoxylem is the first formed xylem. If the protoxylem lies next to phloem what kind of arrangement of xylem would you call it?

Q 6.

If one debarks a tree, what parts of the plant is being removed?

Q 7.

Protoxylem is the first formed xylem. If the protoxylem lies next to phloem what kind of arrangement of xylem would you call it?

Q 8.

While eating peach or pear it is usually seen that some stone like structures get entangled in the teeth, what are these stone like structures called?

Q 9.

What is present on the surface of the leaves which helps the plant prevent loss of water but is absent in roots?

Q 10.

Plants require waterfortheir survival. But when watered excessively, plants die. Discuss.

Q 11.

Cut a transverse section of young stem of a plant from your school garden and observe it under the microscope. How would you ascertain whether it is a monocot stem or a dicot stem ? Give reasons.

Q 12.

Match the following and choose the correct option from below.

A. Cuticle (i) Guard cells
B. Bulliform cells (ii) Single layer
C. Stomata (iii) Waxy layer
D. Epidermis (iv) Empty colourless cell

Options:
(a) A—(iii), B—(iv), C—(i), D—(ii)
(b) A—(i), B—(ii), C—(iii), D—(iv)
(c) A—(iii), B—(ii), C—(iv), D—(i)
(d) A—(iii), B—(ii), C—(i), D—(iv)

Q 13.

Protoxylem is the first formed xylem. If the protoxylem lies next to phloem what kind of arrangement of xylem would you call it?

Q 14.

Wha do hardwood and softwood stand for?

Q 15.

Is Pinus an evergreen tree? Comment.

Q 16.

What is the epidermal cell modification in plants which prevents water loss?

Q 17.

Give one basic functional difference between phellogen and phelloderm.

Q 18.

What do hard wood and soft wood stand for?

Q 19.

Palm is a monocotyledonous plant, yet it increases in girth. Why and how?

Q 20.

How is the study of plant anatomy useful to us?

Q 21.

Match the following and choose the correct option from below.

A. Meristem (i) Photosynthesis, storage
B. Parenchyma (ii) Mechanical support
C. Collenchyma (iii) Actively dividing cells
D. Sclerenchyma (iv) Stomata
E. Epidermal tissue (v) Sclereids

Options:
(a) A—(i), B—(iii), C—(v), D—(ii), E—(iv)
(b) A—(iii), B—(i), C—(ii), D—(v), E—(iv)
(c) A—(ii), B—(iv), C—(v), D—(i), E—(iii)
(d) A—(v), B—(iv), C—(iii), D—(ii), E—(i)

 

Q 22.

What is the commercial source of cork? How is it formed in the plant?

Q 23.

A transverse section of the trunk of a tree shows concentric rings which are known as growth rings. How are these rings formed? What is the significance of these rings?

Q 24.

The lawn grass (Cynodon dactylon) needs to be mowed frequently to prevent its overgrowth. Which tissue is responsible for its rapid growth?

Q 25.

What are the characteristic differences found in the vascular tissue of gymnosperms and angiosperms?

Q 26.

Trunks of some of the aged tree species appear to be composed of several fused trunks. Is it a physiological or anatomical abnormality? Explain in detail.

Q 27.

What is,the function of phloem parenchyma?

Q 28.

What constitutes the cambial ring?

Q 29.

Product of photosynthesis is transported from the leaves to various parts of the plants and stored in some cell before being utilised. What are the cells/ tissues that store them?

 

Q 30.

What part of the plant would show the following?
a. Radial vascular bundle
b. Polyarch xylem
c. Well developed pith

Q 31.

Write the precise function of:
a. Sieve tube
b. Interfasicular cambium
c. Collenchyma
d. Aerenchyma

Q 32.

The stomatal pore is guarded by two kidney shaped guard cells. Name the epidermal cells surrounding the guard cells. How does a guard cell differ from an epidermal cell? Use a diagram to illustrate your answer.

Q 33.

Deciduous plants shed their leaves during hot summer or in autumn. This process of shedding of leaves is called abscission. Apart from physiological changes what anatomical mechanism is involved in the abscission of leaves.

Q 34.

What are the characteristic differences found in the vascular tissue of gymnosperms and angiosperms?

Q 35.

Assume that a pencil box held in your hand, represents a plant cell. In how many possible planes can it be cut? Indicate these cuts with the help of line drawings.

Q 36.

The transverse section of a plant material shows the following anatomical features – (a) the vascular bundles are conjoint, scattered and surrounded by a sclerenchymatous bundle sheath, (b) phloem parenchyma is absent. What will you identify it as?

Q 37.

The cross-section of a plant material showed the following features when viewed under the microscope.
a. The vascular bundles were radially arranged.
b. Four xylem strands with exarch condition of protoxylem.
To which organ should it be assigned?

Q 38.

The lawn grass (Cyandon dactylon) needs to be mowed frequently to prevent its overgrowth. Which tissue is responsible for its rapid growth?

Q 39.

What is the difference between lenticels and stomata?

Q 40.

Is Pinus an evergreen tree? Comment.

Q 41.

Distinguish between the following:
(a) Exarch and endarch condition of protoxylem
(b) Stele and vascular bundle
(c) Protoxylem and metaxylem
(d) Interfasicular cambium and intrafasicular cambium
(e) Open and closed vascular bundles
(f) Stem hair and root hair. .

Q 42.

What are the cells that make the leaves curl in plants during water stress?

Q 43.

Give one basic functional difference between phellogen and phelloderm.

Q 44.

Arrange the following in the sequence you would find them in a plant starting from the periphery—phellem, phellogen, phelloderm.

Q 45.

If one debarks a tree, what parts of the plant is being removed?

Q 46.

Plants require water for their survival. But when watered excessively, plants die. Discuss.

Q 47.

Each of the following terms has some anatomical significance. What do these terms mean? Explain with the help of line diagrams.
a. Plasmadesmoses/Plasmodesmata
b. Middle lamella
c. Secondary wall

Q 48.

Product of photosynthesis is transported from the leaves to various parts of the plants and stored in some cell before being utilised. What are the cells/ tissues that store them?

Q 49.

What is present on the surface of the leaves which helps the plant prevent loss of water but is absent in roots?

Q 50.

What is the epidermal cell modification in plants which prevents water loss?