Civics

Political Parties

Question:

What are the various challenges faced by political parties?

Answer:

Political Parties in India face a lot of challenges. The main challenge they face is the lack of internal democracy. Power in a political party is concentrated among the leaders at the top. So, personal loyalty to the leaders becomes more important than loyalty to party principles.
Dynastic succession is also a major challenge. The top positions of a party are controlled by the members of one family, or people close to the leaders. Few opportunities are given to a lower level worker to rise. This is bad because people without sufficient experience or popular support are able to enjoy positions of power.
Parties require money to win elections and this requires a lot of money. Therefore they tend to nominate candidates who can raise a lot of money, regardless of their other attributes. Rich people who donate money to the party can influence the way the party machinery works. Sometimes parties support criminals just because they can win elections.
There is a convergence of ideologies among the major parties. This is also a challenge to political parties. People who want vastly different ideas to come to the forefront have no option open to them.

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Political Parties

Q 1.

Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well?

Q 2.

State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy.

Q 3.

How many parties are registered with the Election commission of India?

Q 4.

A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a _____________________.

Q 5.

What are the different types of political party system?

Q 6.

What are the characteristics of a political party?

Q 7.

What are the criteria set by the Election Commission of India for Political Parties?

Q 8.

Write a brief note on State Parties in India.

Q 9.

Write a brief note on State Parties in India.

Q 10.

Mention the three major components of Political Parties.

Q 11.

What are the different types of political party system?

Q 12.

What are the various challenges faced by political parties?

Q 13.

Write a brief note on the Indian national congress.

Q 14.

What is a political party?

Q 15.

Write a brief note on Bharatiya Janata Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party.

Q 16.

What are the two major Questions that come to ones mind when we talk about political parties?

Q 17.

Write a brief note on the Indian national congress.