Civics

Gender, Religion and Caste

Question:

How can religion influence politics ? Explain.

Answer:

(i) Gandhiji believed that politics must be guided by ethics drawn from all religions.
(ii) Ideas, ideals and values drawn from different religions can and perhaps should play a role in politics.
(iii) People should be able to express in politics, their needs, interests and demands as a member of a religious community.
(iv) Those who hold political power should sometimes be able to regulate the practice of religion so as to prevent discrimination and oppression.
(v) These political acts are not wrong as long as they treat every religion equal.

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Gender, Religion and Caste

Q 1.

What is literacy rate among men and women in India ?

Q 2.

What is a secular state ? [CBSE 2014]

Q 3.

Write the appropriate term :
(i) A person who says that religion is the principal basis of community.
(ii) A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men.

Q 4.

Mention any two provisions of Indian Constitution which makes India a secular state.

Q 5.

The rigid caste system is disappearing in India. Explain the major factors responsible for this. Suggest any two ways through which this can further be reduced.
Or
Why caste barriers are breaking down in India? Give three reasons to explain.

Q 6.

What is sex ratio of India ?

Q 7.

Discuss the sexual division of labour. Do you think sexual division of labour is a right phenomenon ?
Or
Explain the sexual division of labour. [CBSE 2013]
Or
What do you mean by sexual division of Labour ? [CBSE 2013]

Q 8.

What is communalism ? What are the major beliefs of communal people ?

Q 9.

Political mobilisation on religious line is frequent form of communalism'. Explain.

Q 10.

What were Gandhiji's views regarding religion and politics ? Explain.

Q 11.

How has the principle of Universal Adult Franchise helped in combating casteism ?

Q 12.

Besides caste, which other factors do in matter in electoral politics ? Explain. [CBSE 2013]

Q 13.

Name the movements which agitate for women's rights. How have these movements helped in improving women's conditions ?

Q 14.

Who said, "Religion can never be separted from politics ?"

Q 15.

What is Equal Wages Act ?

Q 16.

Explain the relationship between religion and politics.
Or
How are religious differences expressed in politics ? [CBSE Sept. 2011]

Q 17.

The most common expression of commu- nalism is in every-day beliefs'. Explain.

Q 18.

What is the basis of communal politics ?

Q 19.

Caste has not still disappeared from contemporary India”. Give any three examples to justify the statement. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2012]

Q 20.

Mention any two basis of social division in India.

Q 21.

Mention any one provision in the Indian Constitution which makes India a secular state.

Q 22.

How do social divisions affect politics ? Explain with examples. [CBSE 2009 (D), Sept. 2010, 2011, 14]

Q 23.

Mention any positive role of caste in politics.
Or
Describe the positive and negative aspects of relationship between caste and politics [CBSE 2013, 14]

Q 24.

Why was model of Secular State chosen for India ? Explain. [CBSE 2014]

Q 25.

Explain the various forms that communalism can take in politics. [CBSE Sept. 2011, 2012]
Or
What is communalism ? Explain the various forms that communalism take in politics. [CBSE 2013]
Or
Explain the main features of Communalism. What form does it take in politics ? [CBSE 2013]
Or
What is communalism ? How is communalism a hinderance in the functioning of our democracy ? Explain. [CBSE 2012]

Q 26.

What is patriarchal society ?

Q 27.

What are family laws ? [CBSE 2014]

Q 28.

What is casteism ? How is casteism in India different as compared to other societies ?
Or
Describe any five features of the caste system prevailing in India. [CBSE 2012]

Q 29.

Explain the different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in India. [CBSE 2008 (D), Sept. 2010, 2012]
Or
How women in India still face discrimination and oppression in various ways ? Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Or
In our country, women still lag much behind than men despite some improvements since independence. Justify this statement by giving four reasons. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 30.

Caste has not still disappeared from contemporary India."Do you agree with the statement ? Justify your answer with suitable argument. [CBSE 2012]
Or
"Caste has not still disappeared from contemporary India."Write any three examples to justify the statement. [CBSE 2010]
Or
Explain how caste inequalities are still continuing in India ? [CBSE 2013]

Q 31.

Name any two countries in which the participation of woman in public life is very high.

Q 32.

How does the Constitution of India ensure secularism ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Or
Mention constitutional provisions that make India a secular state. [CBSE 2013]
Or
What is a secular state ? How does the Constitution of India ensure that India remains a secular state ? [CBSE 2012]

Q 33.

"In India women's political representation is very low". Justify.
Or
Explain the need for more representation for women as elected representatives. How can it be achieved ?
Or
What is the status of women representation in India's legislative bodies ? [CBSE 2013]

Q 34.

Why is the idea of communal politics fundamentally flawed ?

Q 35.

Political mobilisation on religious lines is a frequent form of communalism.' Explain.

Q 36.

What are feminist movements ? [CBSE 2014]

Q 37.

Define sex ratio.

Q 38.

What is casteism ? How is casteism in India different as compared to other societies ?
Or
Describe any five features of the caste system prevailing in India. [CBSE 2012]

Q 39.

Mention any four steps which can be undertaken to improve the women's representation in politics.
Or
Suggest any three steps to improve the women's participation in politics. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 40.

What do you mean by sexual division of labour ?

Q 41.

Suggest any two ways to break caste hierarchy.

Q 42.

What were Gandhiji's views regarding religion and politics ?

Q 43.

What is communalism ?

Q 44.

What are Feminist Movements? What were their major demands ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2012]
Or
What was the Feminist Movement ? Explain the political demands of the Feminist Movement in India. [CBSE 2013]

Q 45.

What is the population percentage of Scheduled castes according to 2001 census? [CBSE 2012]

Q 46.

How can religion influence politics ? Explain.

Q 47.

The focus on caste in politics can sometimes give an impression that elections are all about caste and nothing else. That is far from true."Explain by giving examples.

Q 48.

Explain with examples, .the increasing role of women in public life. What lessons you have learnt from this ?  [CBSE Comp. (D) 2008]

Q 49.

Is the association of political parties with social groups always bad ? Give three valid arguments in support of your answer.  [CBSE 2012]

Q 50.

Write the appropriate term :
(i) A person, who says that religion is the principal basis of community.
(ii) A person, who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men.
(iii) A person who does not discriminate other on the basis of religious beliefs.