history - from trade to territory: the company establishes power

Class 8 - History

From Trade to Territory: The Company Establishes Power

Q&A
Question:

Give a brief description of Chhatrapati Shivaji.

Answer:

Chhatrapati Shivaji was one of the most able administrators and rulers in India. He was the founder of the Maratha Empire in India. With his flawless warrior skills and unlimited courage, he ruled the Deccan region, parts of central India and parts of modern day Pakistan with a firm hand. It was due to his efforts that the Mughals faced a decline in their empire. Using guerrilla warfare techniques, he was successful in annexing a major portion of the Mughal Empire.



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Questions and Answers


From Trade to Territory: The Company Establishes Power - Questions
1.

What was the result of the competition between the trading companies from different European countries?


Answer
2.

In what way was the administration of the Company different from that of Indian rulers?


Answer
3.

What were the powers enjoyed by the Residents appointed by the Company?


Answer
4.

What were the commodities that these companies traded in?


Answer
5.

How did the East India Company establish trade in India and enter the political scene?


Answer
6.

What was the ‘doctrine of lapse’?


Answer
7.

What were the areas of conflict between the Bengal nawabs and the East India Company?


Answer
8.

Give a brief note on the Battle of Plassey.


Answer
9.

What did Tipu Sultan do that resulted in wars against the Company?


Answer
10.

What were the rules followed by the British East India Company while occupying the Indian States?


Answer
11.

When and between whom did the 3rd Battle of Panipat take place?


Answer
12.

What attracted European trading companies to India?


Answer
13.

How and when did the British East India Company set foot in India?


Answer
14.

Give a brief note on the wars between the Marathas and the British East India Company?


Answer
15.

Give a brief description of Chhatrapati Shivaji.


Answer
16.

Which were the other trading Companies that came to the Indian shores?


Answer
17.

Describe the policy of “paramountcy”.


Answer
18.

Describe the changes that occurred in the composition of the Company’s army.


Answer
19.

What were the reasons for the decline of the Mughal Empire?


Answer
20.

(a) The British conquest of Bengal began with the Battle of _________ .
(b) Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan were the rulers of _____________.
(c) Dalhousie implemented the Doctrine of ____________.
(d) Maratha kingdoms were located mainly in the ____________ part of India.


Answer
21.

Explain the system of “subsidiary alliance”.


Answer
22.

Describe the changes that occurred in the composition of the Company's army.


Answer
23.

How did the assumption of Diwani benefit the East India Company?


Answer
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