civics - the indian constitution

Class 8 - Civics

The Indian Constitution

Complete the following table Objective Why is it important? Example of a violation of this objective

Objective Why is it important? Example of a violation of this objective
One religious community
does not dominate another
It is important, as this ensures that
people from all religious can practice
their religion as they want to
Example of a violation of this
objective Minority community is not
allowed to offer prayers openly by
the majority
The State does not enforce
any particular religion nor
take away the religious
freedom of individuals
It is important as this ensures that
every person is free to embrace any
religion of their choice
People are sometimes forced to
change their religion
That some members do Not
dominate other members of
the same religious community
It is important as if it happens, it will
violate the Fundamental rights of the
people who are being dominated
Religion based discrimination of
‘lower castes’ by ‘upper castes’ as
in untouchability

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Questions and Answers

The Indian Constitution - Questions
1. What is the difference in who exercises Executive Power in the 1990 and Interim Constitutions of Nepal? Keeping this in mind, why do you think Nepal needs a new Constitution today?
2. Look lip the annual calendar of holidays of your school. How many of them pertain to different religions? What does this indicate?
3. Name the major religions practiced all over the world.
4. In Nepal, when did the Interim Constitution come into effect?
5. In each of the following situations, identify the minority. Write one reason why you think it is important to respect the views of the minority in each of these situations.
(a)In a school with 30 teachers, 20 of them are male.
(b)In a city, 5 per cent of the population are Buddhists.
(c)In a factory mess for all employees, 80 per cent are vegetarians.
(d)In a class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well-off families.

6. What do you mean by the legislature, the executive and the judiciary?
7. Secularism is separating religion from the power of the state. Discuss why it is vital to separate the power of the state from religious practices.
8. What is religion?
9. In politics, what is a constitution?
10. Mention the key features of the Indian Constitution.
11. State the 4th point of the Fundamental Rights of the Indian constitution.
12. What is secularism?
13. What is secularism?
14. How does the Indian Constitution safe guard the minorities of the country?
15. State Article: 17 in the Right to Equality, in the Indian constitution.
16. Mention a few points in the US constitution related to secularism.
17. What is universal adult franchise?
18. Listed below are the key features of the Indian Constitution. Write two sentences, in your own words, on why you think this feature is important:
Key Feature
2.Separation of Powers
3.Fundamental Rights
4.Parliamentary Form of Government
19. Complete the following table Objective Why is it important? Example of a violation of this objective
20. What are the negative points of a democratic society?
21. What are the key components of fundamental rights?
22. What are the factors the drafting committee had to take into consideration while drafting the constitution?
23. Will the government intervene if some religious group says that their religion allows them to practise infanticide? Give reasons for your answer.
24. What were the highlights of the text prepared by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, who was the Chairman of the constitution drafting committee?
25. Write a brief note on the struggle for freedom in Nepal.
26. How can a leader misuse power in a democratic country?
27. Find out some examples of different views within the same religion.
28. What would happen if there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives?
29. What do you understand from the statement "freedom to interpret religious teachings differently in context with the practice of untouchability?
30. What are the strategies followed by the Indian government to establish secularism?
31. What are the objectives of the Indian constitution that advocates secularism?
32. This poster alongside highlights the need for Peace’. It says, "Peace is a never-ending process....It cannot ignore our differences or overlook our common interests.” Write in your own words what you think the above sentences are trying to convey? How does it relate to the need for religious tolerance?
33. The Indian State both keeps away from religion as well as intervenes it) religion. This idea can be quite confusing. Discuss this once again in class using examples from the chapter as well as those that you might have come up with.
34. List the different types of religious practice that you find in your neighbourhood. This could be different forms of prayer, worship of different gods, sacred sites, different kinds of religious music and singing etc. Does this indicate freedom of religious practice?
35. Write a brief note on the making of the Indian Constitution.
36. Why does a democratic country need a Constitution?
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