history - new empires and kingdoms

Class 6 - History

New Empires and Kingdoms

MCQ
Q&A
Question:

What do you know about Harshavardhana? Describe the main events of his career.[V. Imp.]

Answer:

  • Harshavardhana ruled nearly 1400 years ago.
  • We come to know about him from his biography, written by his court poet Banabhatta. This biography is known as Harshacharita which is in Sanskrit.
  • Another source to know about him is Xuan Zang's account which he left behind him.
  • Harshavardhana became the ruler of Thanesar after both his father arid elder brother died.
  • He took over the kingdom of Kanauj after his brother-in-law was killed by the ruler of Bengal.
  • Harsha led an army against the ruler of Bengal.
  • He got success in the east and conquered both Magadha and Bengal. But he had to face defeat when he tried to cross the Narmada.


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Questions and Answers


New Empires and Kingdoms - Questions
1.

Who was Samudragupta? [Imp.]


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2.

From whom did Pulakeshin get the kingdom?


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3.

Who were the Pallauas and Chalukyas? Describe them in detail.                             [V. Imp.]


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4.

What does Samudragupta's prashasti tell us?


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5.

Describe Samudragupta's policies towards the

  • rulers of Aryavarta
  • rulers of Dakshinapatha
  • inner circle of neighbouring states, and
  • rulers of the outlying areas. [V. Imp.]

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6.

How do we know about him?


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7.

Name the four different kinds of rulers described by Samudragupta's court poet, Harishena.             [V. Imp.]


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8.

Harishena held more than one offices? Name them.


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9.

How do we know about the lives of ordinary people during this period?


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10.

How does Samudragupta's prashasti describe him? [V. Imp.]


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11.

What was the nagaram?


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12.

Describe Samudragupta as a warrior as mentioned in the prashasti?


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13.

What do you know about the genealogies of the Guptas? Mention in brief.


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14.

Fill in the blanks with appropriate words to complete each sentence.

(i) Kumara Devi, the mother of Samudragupta belonged to the ……………………  gana.

(ii) ……………..,a Chinese pilgrim, spent a lot of time at Harsha's court and left a detailed account of what he saw.

(iii)Harshavardhana's success was checked by ………………. , a chalukya ruler.

(iv)  The two important ruling dynasties in south India during this period were the ……….  and the ………..

(v) The Raichur Doab was situated between the rivers ………………….  and ………….

(vi) The ………  and ……….. were the new dynasties which took place of the Pallavas and the Chalukyas.

(vii) Whenever the Samantas found the ruler weak and inefficient, they tried to become

(viii) The untouchables during this period were treated badly and were expected to live on the    of the city.


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15.

Pulakeshin II was the best-known ChaLukya ruler. Explain in brief. [V. Imp.]


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16.

What was the condition of ordinary people in the kingdoms? Describe in brief.


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17.

Banabhatta wrote Harshavardhana's biography. What is the name of this book? [V. Imp.]


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18.

Match the items in column A correctly with those given in column B.

Column A                                                                                                                 Column B

(i) Kalidasa                                                                                     (a) The court poet of Pulakeshin II

(ii) Aryabhatta                                                                               (b) The court poet of Samudragupta

(iii) Ravikirti                                                                                   (c) A renowned poet during this period

(iv) Harishena                                                                               (d) The court poet of Harshavardhana

(v) Banabhatta                                                                               (e) An astronomer


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19.

Who controlled the local assemblies?


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20.

What was the difference between the way in which Samudragupta treated the rulers of Aryavarta and Dakshinapatha?


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21.

What happened when Harshavardhana tried to cross the Narmada?


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22.

State whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F).

(i) The military leaders collected revenue from the land granted to them and spent this on their families.

(ii)  The rulers of dakshinapatha surrendered to Samudragupta after being defeated and were never allowed to rule again.

(iii) The descendants of the Kushanas and Shakas ruled the outlying areas during this period.

(iv) Harshavaradhana became the king of Thanesar after both his father and elder brother died.

(v) Harshavardhana never got success in the east.

(vi) Aihole was an important centre of trade.

(vii) The capital cities of the Pallavas and Chalukyas were not very prosperous. (uiii) The prathama-kulika meant the chief craftsman.


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23.

What do you know about Harshavardhana? Describe the main events of his career.[V. Imp.]


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24.

In which language is Harshacharita written?


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25.

Name the capital of the Chalukyas.


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26.

The king's army on the move has been vividly described by Banabhatta. Write the whole description in your own words. [V. Imp.]


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27.

Name the capital of the Pallauas.


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28.

What were prashastis?


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29.

When did Harshavardhana become the ruler of Kanauj?


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30.

During which dynasty did prashastis gain importance?


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31.

Where is this poem inscribed?


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