political science - regional aspirations

Class 12 - Political Science

Regional Aspirations

Q&A
Question:

The Assam movement was a combination of cultural pride and economic backwardness. Explain.

Answer:

Because:
1. It was against outsiders to maintain cultural integration of Assam.
2. There was widespread poverty and unemployment in Assam, despite existence of natural resources like tea, coal and oil.
3. It was felt that these were drained out of state without any commensurate benefit to the people.



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Questions and Answers


Regional Aspirations - Questions
1.

Describe the secessionist movement of Mizos. How as per the provisions of constitution, was it resolved on accommodation of diversities?


Answer
2.

Who were the signatories of Punjab Accord of 1985?


Answer
3.

What are the various positions on the issue of regional autonomy for Kashmir? Which of these do you think are justifiable? Give reasons for your answer.


Answer
4.

In what ways the issue of outsiders continues to be a live issue in Assam?


Answer
5.

Regional aspirations of the people of North-East get expressed in different ways. These include movements against outsiders, movement for greater autonomy and movement for separate . national existence. On the map of the North-East, using different shades for these three, show the States where these expressions are prominently found.


Answer
6.

Regional demands from different parts of India exemplify the principle of unity with diversity. Do you agree? Give reasons.


Answer
7.

Which students group led the anti foreigner movement in Assam?


Answer
8.

When was first normal election held in Punjab after violence?


Answer
9.

What was Goa problem? How was Goa liberated and how did it become part of Indian Union?


Answer
10.

Read the passage given below carefully and answer thequestions:
The Assam Movement from 1979 to 1985 is the best example of such movements against ‘outsiders'. The Assamese suspected that there were huge number of illegal Bengali Muslim settlers from Bangladesh. They felt that unless these foreign nationals are detected and deported they would reduce the indigenous Assamese into a minority. There were other economic issues too. There was widespread poverty and unemployment in Assam despite the existence of natural resources like oil, tea and coal. It was felt that these were drained out of the State without any commensurate benefit to the people.
Questions
1. Name the group that led movement against outsiders in 1979.
2. Why did Assamese seek the detection and deportation of outsiders?
3. What were the economic issues taken up as a part of movement?


Answer
11.

Read the passage  given below carefully and answer thequestions:
The best way to respond to regional aspirations is through democratic negotiations rather than through suppression. Look at the situation in the eighties-militancy had erupted in Punjab: problems were persisting in the North-East: students in Assam were agitating; Kashmir valley was  on the boil. Instead of treating these as simple law and order problems, the Government of India reached negotiated settlement with regional movements. This produced a reconciliation which reduced the tensions existing in many regions. The example of Mizoram shows how political settlement can resolve the problem of separatism effectively.
Questions
1. How are regional aspirations dangerous for the unity of country?
2. What is meant by democratic negotiations?
3. Who was leading agitation in Assam?

4. What steps were taken by government of India to respond regional aspirations?


Answer
12.

What were the main provisions of Punjab Accord of 1985? How has peace been restored on seewar lines in Punjab?


Answer
13.

Jammu and Kashmir state comprised of which three social and political regions?


Answer
14.

How did India meet with the challenge of diversity?


Answer
15.

Which communities wanted separate states in the North East region?


Answer
16.

How was DMK entered in Indian Politics?


Answer
17.

"Regional aspirations, regional inbalances and regionalism are a hindrance in the way of national unity of India". Do you agree with the statement?


Answer
18.

On a political outline map of India locate and label the following and symbolise them as indicated:


Answer
19.

Why were the seven small states created in North-East India?


Answer
20.

What was the main outcome of Rajiv Gandhi-Longowal accord in July 1985?


Answer
21.

1. The 22nd State of India due to its merger.
2. The state out of which the states of Meghalaya, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh were created.
3. Article 370 has a special significance for this state of India.
4. The state whose leader signed an agreement with Rajiv Gandhi.
5. An important state whose leader was Lai Denga.
6. Two states which were not part of state of Assam at the time of India's Independence.
7. The state associated with Golden Temple and ‘Operation Blue Star'.


Answer
22.

Name the three social and political regions of the Northern most state of India.


Answer
23.

What is the significance of Article 370? Ans. Article 370 signifies special status of Kashmir:


Answer
24.

Which Prime Minister expressed regret over violence against Sikhs after Indira Gandhi's death?


Answer
25.

Which accord proved to be a turning point in the history of Mizoram?


Answer
26.

What was the role of Congress in the politics of Jammu and Kashmir?


Answer
27.

State one similarity and one difference between the crisis in Punjab and Assam during 1980s.


Answer
28.

The Assam movement was a combination of cultural pride and economic backwardness. Explain.


Answer
29.

Read the passage and answer the questions below:
One of Hazarika's songs dwells
on the unity theme; the seven states of north-eastern India become seven sisters born of the same
mother ˜Meghalaya went own
way …., Arunachal too separated and Mizoram appeared in Assam's gateway as a groom to marry another
daughter.' The song ends with
a determination to keep the unity of the Assamese with other smaller nationalities that are left in the present-day Assam- ˜the Karbis and the Mising brothers and sisters are our dear ones.'
”Sanjib Baruah
(a) Which unity is the poet talking about?
(b) Why were some States of North ¬East created separately out of the erstwhile State of Assam?
(c) Do you think that the same theme of unity could apply to all the regions of India? Why?


Answer
30.

When did Independent India first use referendum procedure?


Answer
31.

All regional movements need not lead to separatist demands. Explain by giving examples from this chapter.


Answer
32.

Highlight any two characteristics of Dravidian movement.


Answer
33.

Match the following:
ncert-solutions-class-12-political-science-regional-aspirations-1


Answer
34.

What do you mean by Seven Sisters?


Answer
35.

What does the special status given to J & K under Article 370 mean?


Answer
36.

What were the main provisions of the Punjab accord? In what way can they be the basis for further tensions between the Punjab and its neighbouring States?


Answer
37.

Mention the outcomes of Assam Accord of 1985.


Answer
38.

Why did the Anandpur Sahib Resolution become controversial?


Answer
39.

Explain the internal divisions of the State of Jammu and Kashmir and describe how these lead to multiple regional aspirations in that State.


Answer
40.

Describe the outcome of Anandpur Sahib Resolution of 1973.


Answer
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