political science - recent developments in indian politics

Class 12 - Political Science

Recent Developments in Indian Politics

Q&A
Question:

A Who was the chairperson of Mandal Commission? State any one recommen ¬dation made by him/her.

Answer:

Bindeshwari Prasad Mandal was the chairperson of Mandal Commission set up in 1978 to investigate the extent of educational and social backwardness among various sections of society and recommend ways to identify these classes.
The Mandal Commission gave its recommendations in 1980:
1. The commission advised that backward classes should be understood to mean backward castes since many castes other than the SCs were also treated as low in caste hierarchy
2. Reservation 27% seats in educational institutions and government jobs for these groups.
3. It recommended land reforms to improve the condition of OBCs.
4. Hence, Mandal commission made recommendations in economic and occupational structures.



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Questions and Answers


Recent Developments in Indian Politics - Questions
1.

In spite of the decline of Congress dominance the Congress party continues to influence politics in the country. Do you agree? Give reasons.


Answer
2.

"Coal ition government helps in consensus building". Do you agree with the statement? Give arguments in support of your answer.


Answer
3.

In 2014 elections, people have voted for a stable government at the Centre. Do you think that the era of coalition has ended? Support your answer with suitable arguments.


Answer
4.

State any two major political happenings of 1984 in India.


Answer
5.

What led to the serious debate over secularism?


Answer
6.

Write a note on Hindu-Muslim Riots in Gujarat.


Answer
7.

In the midst of severe competition and many conflicts in 1989, a consensus appeared to have emerged among most parties. Explain any three points.(or)
Examine growing consensus over the crucial issues.


Answer
8.

Study the picture given below and answer the questions that follow:
ncert-solutions-class-12-political-science-recent-developments-indian-politics-3
Questions
1. What does the picture indicate?
2. Which party is being referred to as one party dominance?
3. Identify female character in the cartoon.


Answer
9.

What was the status of BSP?


Answer
10.

List the four groups to be emerged in 1990s.


Answer
11.

Read the passage given below carefully and answer thequestions:
Thus, with the elections of 1989, a long phase of coalition politics began in India. Since then, there have been nine governments at the Centre, all of which have either been coalition governments or minority governments supported by other parties, which did not join the government. In this new phase, any government could be formed only with the participation or support of many regional parties. This applied to the National Front in 1989, the United Front in 1996 and 1997, the NDA in 1997, BJP-led coalition in 1998, NDA in 1999 and the UPA in 2004.
Questions
1. What is meant by coalition politics?
2. Name any two regional political parties which were a part of coalition government.
3. Write the full form of NDA.
4. What does a minority government mean?


Answer
12.

Unscramble a bunch of disarranged press clipping file of Unni-Munni… and arrange the file chronologically.
(a) Mandal Recommendations and Anti Reservation Stir.
(b) Formation of Janata Dal.
(c) The demolition of Babri Masjid.
(d) Assassination of India Gandhi.
(e) The formation of NDA government.
(f) Godhra incident and its fallout.
(g) Formation of UPA government.


Answer
13.

Mention any two incidents of violence against minority community which are a threat to democracy.


Answer
14.

Study the picture given below and answer the questions that follow:
ncert-solutions-class-12-political-science-recent-developments-indian-politics-02
Questions
1. What does the cartoon represent?
2. Describe the role of such government in Indian Democratic set up.
3. What does this statement "Support the government from outside"mean?


Answer
15.

"In the new era of coalition politics, political parties are not aligning or realigning on the basis of ideology."What arguments would you put forward to support or oppose this statement?


Answer
16.

Trace the emergence of BJP as a significant force in post-Emergency politics.


Answer
17.

What is the difference between a coalition party and coalition in Congress system?


Answer
18.

What happened to the state government after demolition of Babri Masjid?


Answer
19.

When and why did a long phase of coalition politics begin in India?


Answer
20.

Many people think that a two-party system is required for successful democracy. Drawing from India's experience of last twenty years, write an essay on what advantages the present party system in India has.


Answer
21.

Read the passage and answer the
questions below:
Party politics in India has confronted numerous challenges. Not only has the Congress system destroyed itself, but the fragmentation of the Congress coalition has triggered a new emphasis on self-representation which raises questions about the party system and its capacity to accommodate diverse interest,…. An important test facing the polity is to evolve a party system or political parties that can effectively articulate and aggregate a variety of interests.
—Zoya Hasan
(a) Write a short note on what the author calls challenges of the party system in the light of what you have read in this chapter.
(b) Given an example from this chapter of the lack of accommodation and aggregation mentioned in this passage.
(c) Why is it necessary for parties to accommodate and aggregate variety of interests?


Answer
22.

Name two alliances/fronts that formed the government at the centre in 1989 and 1996 respectively.


Answer
23.

What was change in electoral performance of Congress party and BJP from 1984 ¬2004?


Answer
24.

When was India's New Economic Policy launched? Who was its chief architect?


Answer
25.

Read the passage given below carefully and answer the questions:
Infact the BSP, under Kanshi Ram's leadership was envisaged as an organisation based on pragmatic politics. It derived confidence from the fact that the Bahujans (SC, ST, OBC and religious minorities) constituted the majority of the population, and were a formidable political force on the strength of their numbers.
Questions
1. Which organisation was formed by Kanshi Ram?
2. Name any two religious minorities.
3. Why are Bahujans considered a formidable political forces?


Answer
26.

Match the following:
ncert-solutions-class-12-political-science-recent-developments-indian-politics-1


Answer
27.

Describe any four major developments in the Indian politics since 1989.


Answer
28.

Which organisation took up the cause of Bahujans?


Answer
29.

When were new economic reforms announced?


Answer
30.

When did the phase of coalition politics begin?


Answer
31.

A Who was the chairperson of Mandal Commission? State any one recommen ¬dation made by him/her.


Answer
32.

What was Mandal Commission? Did it try to solve the problems of other Backward classes? State any two arguments in support of your answer?


Answer
33.

State the main issues in Indian politics in the period after 1989. What different configurations of political parties these differences lead to?


Answer
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