history - kings, farmers and towns

Class 12 - History

Kings, Farmers and Towns

Q&A
Question:

This is a statement made by one of the best-known epigraphists of the twentieth century, D.C. Sircar: "There is no aspect of life, culture, activities of the Indians that is not reflected in inscriptions."Discuss.

Answer:

The statement of eminent epigraphist D.C. Sirkar has highlighted the importance of inscription as single source of information that touch upon all areas of our life. Following are the main areas we get information about from the inscriptions
1.Determination of state’s boundaries: the inscriptions were carved in the territories of the kings and even more important is not often close to the borders. This help us find out boundaries of kingdoms and their expansions thereto.
2.Names of Kings: The names of the kings are mentioned in the inscriptions. The names and titles used by Asoka the Great got revealed through inscriptions only.
3.Historic events: The important historical events are mentioned in the inscriptions. The best example is how the event of the Kalinga war is mentioned in the inscription and how Asoka takes to Dhamma.
4. Information about conduct of Kings: Inscriptions describe the conduct and character of the kings quite well. It is through the inscriptions only that we know Asoka worked for the welfare of the masses.
5. Information about administration: Inscriptions gave information about administration. It is through the inscription. We know that Asoka appointed his son as a Viceroy.
6. Land settlement and Taxes: inscriptions mention how land were granted or gifted. It also talks about various taxes imposed by the ruler.
There is hardly any area of governance of our life that is not mentioned in the inscriptions. Hence, we are inclined to agree with D.C. Sirkar who says, "There is no aspect of life, culture, activities of Indians that is not reflected in the inscriptions."



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Questions and Answers


Kings, Farmers and Towns - Questions
1.

Discuss the main features of the Mauryan administration. Which of these elements are evident in the Asokan inscriptions that you have studied?


Answer
2.

Discuss the evidence of craft production in Early Historic cities. In what ways is this different from the evidence from Harappan cities?


Answer
3.

List some of the problems faced by the epigraphists.


Answer
4.

List some of the problems faced by the epigraphists.


Answer
5.

Discuss the main features of the Mauryan administration. Which of these elements are evident in the Asokan inscriptions that you have studied?


Answer
6.

Describe the salient features of Mahajanapadas.


Answer
7.

Describe the salient features of Mahajanapadas.


Answer
8.

How do historians reconstruct the lives of ordinary people?


Answer
9.

To what extent were agricultural practices transformed in the period under consideration?


Answer
10.

This is a statement made by one of the best-known epigraphists of the twentieth century, D.C. Sircar: "There is no aspect of life, culture, activities of the Indians that is not reflected in inscriptions."Discuss.


Answer
11.

Compare and contrast the list of things given to the Pandyan chief (Source 3) with those produced in the village of Danguna (source 8). Do you notice any similarities and differences?


Answer
12.

Discuss the notions of kingship that developed in the post-Mauryan period.


Answer
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