indian economic development - rural development

Class 11 - Indian Economic Development

Rural Development

Q&A
Question:

Explain four measures taken by the government to improve agricultural marketing.

Answer:

The government has taken various steps for improving agricultural marketing system. These are:

  1.  Establishment of Regulated Markets. Government has formed regulated markets to remove most of the evils of an unorganised market system. Functions of regulated markets are:
    (i) Enforcement of standard weights.
    (ii) Fixation of charges, fees, etc.
    (iii) Settling of disputes among the operating parties in the market.
    (iv) Prevention of uMawful deductions and control of wrong practices of middlemen.
    (v) Providing reliable market information.
  2.  Provision of Infrastructural Facilities. The government has taken measures to develop infrastructural facilities like roads, railways, warehouses, godowns, cold storages and processing units.
  3.  Co-operative Market. Co-operative marketing is a measure to ensure a fair price to farmers. Member farmers sell their surplus to the co-operative society which substitutes collective bargaining in place of individual bargaining. It links rural credit farming marketing processes to the best advantage of the farmers.
  4.  Important Instruments to Safeguard the Interests of Farmers. The Government has also developed some instruments to safeguard the interests of farmers. These instruments are:
    (i) Fixation of Minimum Support Price (MSP)
    (ii) Buffer Stock
    (iii) Public Distribution System (PDS).


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Questions and Answers


Rural Development - Questions
1.

Explain the role of micro-credit in meeting credit requirements of the poor.


Answer
2.

What do you mean by agricultural marketing?


Answer
3.

Mention some obstacles that hinder the mechanism of agricultural marketing.


Answer
4.

What are the alternative channels available for agricultural marketing? Give some examples.


Answer
5.

Bring out the importance of animal husbandry, fisheries and horticulture as a source of diversification.


Answer
6.

Information technology plays a very significant role in achieving sustainable development and food security’”comment.


Answer
7.

What is organic farming and how does it promote sustainable development?


Answer
8.

Identify the benefits and limitations of organic farming. .


Answer
9.

Why is agricultural diversification essential for sustain-able livelihoods?


Answer
10.

Explain the term ‘Golden Revolution’.


Answer
11.

Explain four measures taken by the government to improve agricultural marketing.


Answer
12.

Enlist some problems faced by farmers during the initial years of organic farming.


Answer
13.

What do you mean by rural development? Bring out the key issues in rural development.


Answer
14.

Discuss the importance of credit in rural development.


Answer
15.

Explain the steps taken by the government in developing rural markets.


Answer
16.

Explain the role of non-farm employment in promoting rural diversification.


Answer
17.

Critically evaluate the role of the rural banking system in the process of rural development in India.


Answer
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