history - nationalism in india

Class 10 - History

Nationalism in India

Q&A
Question:

Explain the progress of the Civil Disobedience Movement in the countryside.
Or
Why did the rich peasants of Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat join the Civil Disobedience Movement ?  [CBSE 2009 (D), March 2011]
Describe any three features of the Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930.
[CBSE 2009 (D), March 2012, 2013 (O)] Or
Evaluate any three features of the peasant movement during Civil Disobedience Movement in India. [CBSE March 2011 ]
Or
Mention three reasons by which the rich peasant communities took active part in the Civil Disobedience Movement.  [CBSE 2012]

Answer:

(i) In the countryside, rich peasant communities-like the Patidars of Gujarat and the Jats of Uttar Pradesh-were active participants.
(ii) They participated in the Movement because they suffered the most due to the economic depression. As their cash income disappeared, they found it impossible to pay the government's revenue demand.
(iii) They demanded a reduction in revenue but the government refused to do so. This led to a widespread resentment. These rich landlords participated in the boycott programmes, and refused to pay revenues. For them, the fight for Swaraj was a struggle against high revenues.
(iv) But they were deeply disappointed when the movement was called off in 1931 without the revenue rates being revised. So when the movement was restarted in 1932, many of them did not participate.
(v) The poor peasantry also participated on a large scale in a hope that their unpaid rent to the landlords will be remitted.



--- >>>

Questions and Answers


Nationalism in India - Questions
1.

How the First World War helped in the growth of the National Movement in India.


Answer
2.

"The effects of Non-cooperation on the economic front were more dramtic."Explain.
Or
Explain the effects of Non-Cooperation Movement on the economic front.
[CBSE 2014 (F)] Or
Explain the impact of Non-Cooperation Movement in the economic field.
[CBSE 2012]


Answer
3.

What were the effects on the economic front due to the non-corporation movement?


Answer
4.

Why growth of nationalism in the colonies is linked to an anti-colonial movement.


Answer
5.

Name any two organisations which were formed by the business class to organise their business interests.


Answer
6.

Who organised the dalits into the Depressed Classes Association ?


Answer
7.

What was Satyagraha ? Name any two places where Satyagraha was launched by Gandhiji.
Or
Name the two main ‘Satyagraha' movements organised by Mahatma Gandhi successfully in favour of peasants in 1916 and 1917.
[CBSE 2008 (D), March 2011]


Answer
8.

How was the Non-Cooperation Movement converted into a national movement by Gandhiji ?


Answer
9.

Who formed the Swaraj Party ? Why was the party formed ?


Answer
10.

Why did the tribal people join the Non ­Cooperation Movement ?


Answer
11.

When was the Gandhi-Irwin Pact signed ? Mention the provisions of the pact.


Answer
12.

Why was the Swaraj Party formed? By whom was the party formed ?


Answer
13.

Why did the poor peasants join the Civil Disobedience Movement ? Why did the relationship between the poor peasants and the Congress remain uncertain ?  [CBSE 2014(D)]


Answer
14.

Explain the effects of “worldwide economic depression' on India, towards late 1920s.               [CBSE2013 (O)]


Answer
15.

Mention any three efforts made by Gandhiji to get Harijans their rights.  [CBSE March 2011]


Answer
16.

Explain the contribution of the various social groups in the Civil Disobedience Movement.   [CBSE 2014]
Or
Various classes and groups of Indians participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement for different reasons. Choose any four classes and explain their reason to participate in the movement.  [CBSE 2012]


Answer
17.

Give a brief account of Gandhiji's early life.


Answer
18.

What was the plight of the plantation workers of Assam?


Answer
19.

Compare Non-cooperation movement and the civil disobedience movement.


Answer
20.

Why for a long time, the Congress had ignored the daiits ? What role did Gandhiji play in uplifting them ?
Or
How did Gandhiji view the Dalits ? What did he do for them ? [CBSE 2014]


Answer
21.

Explain the role of Ambedkar in uplifting the dalits or the depressed classes.  [CBSE March 2011]


Answer
22.

Why the tribal peasants participated in the Non-cooperation Khilafat movement ?


Answer
23.

What were the factors responsible for the gradual slow down of the Non ­Cooperation movement ?  [CBSE 2008 (D), 2013 (D)]
Or
Why did the Non-Cooperation Movement gradually slow down in the cities ? Give reasons.  [CBSE March 2011, 2014, 21015 (D)]


Answer
24.

Why did the business community later on withdraw from the Civil Disobedience Movement ?


Answer
25.

Why was the Civil Disobedience Movement called off by Gandhiji ? [CBSE March 2012 (O)]


Answer
26.

Explain:
(a) Why is the growth of nationalism in the colonies linked to an anti-colonial movement ?
(b) How did the First World War help in  the growth of the National Movement in India?       [CBSE2014]
Or
Explain any four facts to show how did the First World War help in the growth of the National Movement in India.  [CBSE March 2011]
(a) Why were Indians outraged by the Rowlatt Act ?
(b) Why did Gandhiji decide to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement?


Answer
27.

What did the image of Bharat Mata painted by Abanindranath Tagore portray?         [CBSE 2014]


Answer
28.

Under what circumstances the Civil Disobedience or the Salt Movement was launched? Explain. [CBSE 2013 (O)] Or
Describe the main events leading to Salt March and Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930.                   [CBSE March 2011 ]


Answer
29.

Why did Mahatma Gandhi call off Rowlatt Satyagraha ?


Answer
30.

How did Mahatma Gandhi react against the Rowlatt Act ?


Answer
31.

What was the Inland Emigration Act of 1859?


Answer
32.

When was Gandhi Irwin Pact signed ?


Answer
33.

Name the Pact which gave the Depressed Classes reserved seats in provincial and central legislative councils.


Answer
34.

Describe briefly any three economic effects of the Non-Cooperation Movement.  [CBSE 2009 (O)]


Answer
35.

Explain the circumstances under which Non-cooperation Movement was withdrawn.
Or
Why was the Non-Cooperation Movement withdrawn by Gandhiji in February 1922. Explain the reasons. [CBSE 2015 (D)]
Or
Explain the conditions of the plantation workers during the colonial rule in India.  [CBSE 2012]


Answer
36.

Why salt was chosen as a weapon by Gandhiji to fight against the Britishers ?
Or
Why did Mahatma Gandhi perceive “salt' as a powerful symbol that unite the nation?  [CBSE March 2011]


Answer
37.

Imagine you are a woman participating in the Civil Disobedience Movement. Explain what the experience meant to your life.
Or
Women played a very important role in the Civil Disobedience Movement.' Explain.


Answer
38.

Describe any three suppressive measures taken by the British administration to clampdown on nationalists.


Answer
39.

Mention the great men whose work spread the passion for freedom.


Answer
40.

Give a brief account of Lokmanya Tilak.


Answer
41.

Write a newspaper report on: The Simon Commission.


Answer
42.

What was the reaction of the people against the Rowlatt Act ? [CBSE 2013 (D)]
Or
Explain the reactions of Indian people against the Rowlatt Act passed through the Imperial Legislative Council in 1919.  [CBSE March 2012 (O)]


Answer
43.

Explain the course of the Salt March.  CBSE 2014(0)


Answer
44.

Name any two methods used by Gandhiji to fight against the Britishers.


Answer
45.

When was the Non-cooperation Khilafat Movement launched?


Answer
46.

When was Non-Cooperation Movement withdrawn by Gandhiji ? Give reason.


Answer
47.

Who were the founders of the Swaraj Party?


Answer
48.

When and under whose leadership was Civil Disobedience movement launched ?


Answer
49.

Which incident marked the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement ?


Answer
50.

The Congress was unwilling to support ‘no rent' campaigns during Civil Disobedience movement. Give reason.


Answer