Geography

Manufacturing Industries

Question:

Why is the iron and steel industry located in Peninsular India only?

Answer:

Iron-ore, coking coal and limestone are the basic raw material for the iron and steel industry. Iron and steel industry is located near the iron and coal deposits particularly at Jamshedpur in Bihar or in the Chhotanagpur area, bordering West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh, because of the following reasons:
1. All the raw materials required for iron and steel industry like iron-ore, coking coal and the limestone are available in this area.
2. Because all these things are heavy and bulky ,the location of this industry is therefore, governed by the close proximity to raw materials. Bulky and heavy raw materials exert much pressure to locate the industry nearby i.e., in the Chhotanagpur area. Jamshedpur, Bokaro and Durgapur etc, are all situated in this area.
3. Means of transport, like railways and roads, also pass through this area on stupendous scale, so manufactured goods can easily be distributed within the country and also exported to other countries.
4. Fourthly, if the iron and steel industries are near the iron and coal mines, the labour problem is also solved to a great extent. The labour and other facilities are easily available there.

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Manufacturing Industries

Q 1.

What are light industries?

Q 2.

Why are most of the jute mills of India located in West Bengal?

Q 3.

List four agro based industries.

Q 4.

Name three major air pollutants.

Q 5.

three human inputs that control location of industries.

Q 6.

Name any three physical factors that affect location of the industry.

Q 7.

Name two most important sugar producing states of India.

Q 8.

What is the annual production of cement in the country at present?

Q 9.

Why are most of the jute mills of India located in West Bengal?

Q 10.

Name the three physical factors that affect location of industries.

Q 11.

Name two iron and steel producing plants each of Karnataka and West Bengal.

Q 12.

Name three human inputs that control location of industries.

Q 13.

Name five electronic goods producing centres of India.

Q 14.

Describe the distribution of ship-building industry in India.

Q 15.

Discuss the steps to be taken to minimize environmental degradation by industry?

Q 16.

Mention 4 raw materials needed for a cement industry.

Q 17.

Name four important cotton textile centres of Maharashtra.

Q 18.

Why is the iron and steel industry located in Peninsular India only?

Q 19.

How does industrial pollution degrade environment?

Q 20.

How does industrial pollution degrade environment?

Q 21.

How do industries pollute the environment?

Q 22.

Describe briefly the distribution of railway equipments industries in India.

Q 23.

Describe the distribution of ship-building industry in India.

Q 24.

What is manufacturing?

Q 25.

Name the important raw materials used in the manufacturing of cement?

Q 26.

Why is the iron and steel industry located in Peninsular India only?

Q 27.

How do industries pollute the environment?

Q 28.

Describe briefly the distribution of silk textile industry in India.