Geography

Agriculture

Question:

Name any three features of Indian agriculture. [CBSE 2013]
Or
What are the factors responsible for the backwardness of Indian agriculture ?
Or
Describe any four features of agriculture in India. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Answer:

(I) Over dependence on monsoon : Major portion of the cropped area still depends upon monsoons for irrigation. Only one- third of the cropped area is under assured irrigation.
(ii) Subsistence agriculture : (For this, refer Question No. 2, Long Answer Type Questions)
(iii) Small and scattered land holding : Due to the increasing population, the per hectare availability of land is very low. The Jand holding is also scattered.
(iv) Lack of inputs : Most of the farmers are poor so they do not use fertilisers and high yielding varieties of seeds.

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Agriculture

Q 1.

What is shifting agriculture ? Why shifting agriculture is being discouraged ?

Q 2.

Explain the favourable climatic conditions required for the production of rubber. Also mention the states producing rubber. [CBSE Comp. (D) 2008, 2008 (F), Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012]

Q 3.

What is plantation agriculture ? Write some features of the plantation agriculture. [CBSE Sept. 2012]
Or
Describe any four characteristics of plantation agriculture. [CBSE Comp. (D) 2008] 

Q 4.

Which states are the leading producers of the following horticultural crops ?
(i) Mangoes
(ii) Bananas
(iii) Grapes
(iv) Apples and Apricots

Q 5.

Name the most important beverage crop of India. Describe the suitable climatic conditions required for its growth. Also mention the major states producing that crop. [CBSE 2010(0)]
Or
Describe any three geographical conditions required for tea cultivation. Name any two producing states of tea. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2012]
Or
Name the important beverage crop introduced by the British in India. Explain the geographical conditions needed for its cultivation. Write any two important states where it is grown. [CBSE 2013]
Or
Describe any four ‘ geographical conditions required for the growth of tea. Mention the two major tea producing states of South India. [CBSE 2012]

Q 6.

What type of climate is required for the cultivation of wheat ? Name any four important wheat producing states of India. [CBSE Sept. 2012]

Q 7.

Describe three geographical requirements for maize cultivation – temperature, rainfall and soil. Name three maize producing states of India.[CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 8.

What is intensive farming ? Write some features of intensive farming.[CBSE Sept. 2013]
Or
Why is there enormous pressure on land in Intensive Subsistence Farming ? [CBSE 2013]

Q 9.

Name any three features of Indian agriculture. [CBSE 2013]
Or
What are the factors responsible for the backwardness of Indian agriculture ?
Or
Describe any four features of agriculture in India. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 10.

Look at the given picture carefully and answer the questions that follow : [CBSE 2009 (O)]
(i) Name the crop shown in the picture.
(ii) State the climatic conditions required for the cultivation of this crop.
(iii) Name the two major regions of growing this crop.

Q 11.

Explain the climatic conditions required for the production of cotton. Also mention the major cotton producing states of India.

Q 12.

Describe various technological and institutional reforms which led to the Green and White Revolution in India. [CBSE Sept. 2012]

Q 13.

Name any four oilseeds produced in India. What is their economic importance ?
Or
Name any four oilseeds produced in India. Explain the importance of oilseeds in our day to day life. [CBSE 2012]

Q 14.

Describe the temperature and climatic conditions required for the cultivation of sugarcane. Name two leading producers.  [CBSE Comp. 2008,09(D), 2010(0)]
Or
What geographical conditions are required for the cultivation of sugarcane ? Name two largest producing states of sugarcane. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 15.

Explain the favourable geographical conditions required for the production of rice. Also mention the major rice producing states of India. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013]

Q 16.

Why is agriculture called the mainstay of Indian economy ?
Or
What is the importance of agriculture in Indian economy ?

Q 17.

"Today Indian farmers are facing a big challenge from international competition."What are the various factors responsible for this situation ?
Or
Why is the growth rate in agriculture decelerating ? [CBSE 2010(F)]

Q 18.

What is primitive (subsistence) farming ? Write any four features of subsistence farming. [CBSE Comp. (O) 2008]
Or
Why is subsistence agriculture still practised in certain parts of the country ? Give four reasons. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 19.

Which crop is known as the “golden fibre”? Explain two geographical conditions essential for the cultivation of this crop. Mention any four uses.[CBSE 2012]
Or
What is known as ‘golden fibre’? Where is it grown in India and why ? Describe various uses of this fibre. [CBSE 2012]

Q 20.

Which are the two staple food crops of India ? Compare and contrast the climatic and soil requirements of the two. [CBSE Sept. 2013]

Q 21.

Distinguish between :
(i) Dry farming and wet farming.
Or
Write any two features of dry farming/wet farming.
(ii) Rabi and kharif crop.
(iii) Tea and coffee. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 22.

How is the government helping the Indian farmers in increasing their agricultural production ? Explain any four points.
Or
Describe any four reforms brought in the Indian agriculture after independence through the efforts of the Indian government. [CBSE 2010(F), Sept. 2010]
Or
What initiatives have been taken by government to ensure an increase in agricultural production ? [CBSE Sept. 2011]

Q 23.

Differentiate between the commercial agriculture and the subsistence agriculture. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013]
Or
Write any four characteristics of commercial Agriculture? [CBSE Sept. 2011]

Q 24.

Compare the geographical conditions required for the production of cotton and jute. [CBSE 2014]