economics - sectors of the indian economy

Class 10 - Economics

Sectors of the Indian Economy

Q&A
Question:

Explain how a shift has taken between sectors in developed countries. [CBSE Sept. 2011]

Answer:

(i) At initial stages of development, it was the primary sector which dominated. Most of the people were employed in the primary sector only.
(ii) With the introduction of new methods of farming and manufacturing people started working in other activities i.e. manufacturing. So secondary sector gradually became the most important in total production and employment.
(iii) In the past 100 years the service sector has become the most important in terms of total production and employment.
(iv) The domination of service sector is due to globalisation of the world economy.



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Questions and Answers


Sectors of the Indian Economy - Questions
1.

Distinguish between the organised and the unorganised sector. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2012]


Answer
2.

Why is the tertiary sector becoming so important in India? Give at least four reasons.
[CBSE 2008, 2009 (D) Sept. 2011, 2012]
Or
Why is tertiary sector growing so rapidly in India ? Explain it with four reasons.  [CBSE Sept. 2011, 14]


Answer
3.

What are the advantages of working in an organised sector? [CBSE Sept. 2011]
Or
What is an organised sector ? Describe its working conditions. [CBSE 2009 (D)]


Answer
4.

What are the objectives of NREGA 2005 ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012]


Answer
5.

Write two groups of people working in unorganised sector who are in need of protection. How can the government protect them ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]


Answer
6.

What are tertiary activities ? Explain with examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010]


Answer
7.

What is GDP ? Who is responsible for Q.8. collecting data for the GDP in India ?[CBSEComp. (O) 2008,14]


Answer
8.

How can employment opportunities be generated in the tourism and information and technology centres ? [CBSE 2013]


Answer
9.

Explain any four points of importance of Secondary sector in the Indian economy. [CBSE Comp. 2008 (D)]


Answer
10.

Do you agree that agriculture is an activity of the unorganised sector in India. Give any four points. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2012]


Answer
11.

What are primary activities ? Explain with examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010]


Answer
12.

Suggest some ways which can be helpful in creating employment in rural areas. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]
Or
What steps should be taken to create more employment ? Expain. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]
How to create more employment in rural areas ? Explain with examples. [CBSE Sept. 2011,2012]


Answer
13.

What is an organised sector ? Explain [CBSE 2009 (O)]


Answer
14.

What are the disadvantages of working in an unorganised sector ? Suggest any two ways to protect the workers working in an unorganised sector.
Or
Why is working in an unorganized sector not considered secure ? [CBSE 2013]


Answer
15.

Explain the role of public sector. Suggest any two ways to improve the working of public sector or government.  [CBSE Sept. 2012]
OR
Why is public sector required to provide certain things at reasonable cost ?  [CBSE 2013]
Or
Identify any five activities where the government must spend for the welfare of the people and why. [CBSE 2012]
Or
How far is it correct to say that several services which cannot be provided by private sector, can be provided by the public sector ? Explain. [CBSE 2012]


Answer
16.

Who are the people that work in an unorganised sector ? Mention any two social values which you have learnt from the working conditions of unorganised sector.


Answer
17.

Distinguish between the public and the private sector. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012]
Or
State any four features of public and private sector. [CBSE 2014]


Answer
18.

Explain the role of government in the public sector. [CBSE Sept. 2013]


Answer
19.

What is under employment ? Explain with an example. [CBSE Sept. 2013]


Answer
20.

What are the two sectors of economic activities on the basis of the ownership of resources ? Explain.


Answer
21.

Explain how a shift has taken between sectors in developed countries. [CBSE Sept. 2011]


Answer
22.

What is an unorganised sector ? Explain.


Answer
23.

While estimating the national income, only the value of the final goods and services is used.' Explain with the help of an example.


Answer
24.

Distinguish between final goods and the intermediate goods.


Answer
25.

How can workers in the unorganised sector be protected ? Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]


Answer
26.

What is disguised unemployment ? Ans. Explain. [CBSE 2010 (D), Sept. 2010]
Or
How far is it correct to say that disguised unemployment can also be called underemployment ? Explain. [CBSE 2012]


Answer
27.

Describe any four points of importance of primary sector in the Indian economy. [CBSE 2008 Comp. (D)]


Answer
28.

Explain the interdependence of all the three economic sectors giving examples from transportation system. [CBSE 2013]
Or
How are the three sectors of economy interdependent ? Explain with five suitable examples. [CBSE 2012]
Or
Economic activities, though grouped into three different categories, are highly interdependent.' Discuss. [CBSE 2010]


Answer
29.

What are secondary activities? Explain with examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010]


Answer
30.

Enumerate the various causes of rural unemployment in India. [CBSE 2013]


Answer
31.

Why is agriculture an activity of unorganised sector in India ? Explain.  [CBSE 2012]
Or
Agriculture is an activity of unorganized sector in India. Do you agree with this statement ? Justify your answer with suitable examples. [CBSE 2012]


Answer
32.

"Income and employment will increase if the farmers are provided irrigation and marketing facilities". Justify the statement. ‘


Answer
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