Economics

Sectors of the Indian Economy

Question:

What are secondary activities? Explain with examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Answer:

The occupations which produce finished goods by using the products of primary activities as raw materials are included in secondary activity. Manufacturing of cloth from cotton, sugar from sugarcane and steel from iron ore are important examples of secondary activities.
All these are secondary activities because the final product is to be produced not by nature but has to be made by men and therefore, some process of manufacturing is essential. Let us take an example of cloth. Though the primary product, i.e., cotton is produced by nature, but it cannot be used directly by us in . this form. So to convert it into usable form some process of manufacturing is essential. This can be done in a factory or at home with simple tools.

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Sectors of the Indian Economy

Q 1.

Explain any four points of importance of Secondary sector in the Indian economy. [CBSE Comp. 2008 (D)]

Q 2.

Enumerate the various causes of rural unemployment in India. [CBSE 2013]

Q 3.

Describe any four points of importance of primary sector in the Indian economy. [CBSE 2008 Comp. (D)]

Q 4.

What are the two sectors of economic activities on the basis of the ownership of resources ? Explain.

Q 5.

While estimating the national income, only the value of the final goods and services is used.' Explain with the help of an example.

Q 6.

How can workers in the unorganised sector be protected ? Explain. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]

Q 7.

What are tertiary activities ? Explain with examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 8.

What is an unorganised sector ? Explain.

Q 9.

What are the advantages of working in an organised sector? [CBSE Sept. 2011]
Or
What is an organised sector ? Describe its working conditions. [CBSE 2009 (D)]

Q 10.

What is GDP ? Who is responsible for Q.8. collecting data for the GDP in India ?[CBSEComp. (O) 2008,14]

Q 11.

What are the objectives of NREGA 2005 ? [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012]

Q 12.

Suggest some ways which can be helpful in creating employment in rural areas. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]
Or
What steps should be taken to create more employment ? Expain. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]
How to create more employment in rural areas ? Explain with examples. [CBSE Sept. 2011,2012]

Q 13.

Why is the tertiary sector becoming so important in India? Give at least four reasons.
[CBSE 2008, 2009 (D) Sept. 2011, 2012]
Or
Why is tertiary sector growing so rapidly in India ? Explain it with four reasons.  [CBSE Sept. 2011, 14]

Q 14.

Do you agree that agriculture is an activity of the unorganised sector in India. Give any four points. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2012]

Q 15.

Explain how a shift has taken between sectors in developed countries. [CBSE Sept. 2011]

Q 16.

What is disguised unemployment ? Ans. Explain. [CBSE 2010 (D), Sept. 2010]
Or
How far is it correct to say that disguised unemployment can also be called underemployment ? Explain. [CBSE 2012]

Q 17.

What are secondary activities? Explain with examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 18.

Explain the role of government in the public sector. [CBSE Sept. 2013]

Q 19.

Write two groups of people working in unorganised sector who are in need of protection. How can the government protect them ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 20.

What is an organised sector ? Explain [CBSE 2009 (O)]

Q 21.

How can employment opportunities be generated in the tourism and information and technology centres ? [CBSE 2013]

Q 22.

What is under employment ? Explain with an example. [CBSE Sept. 2013]

Q 23.

What are primary activities ? Explain with examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 24.

"Income and employment will increase if the farmers are provided irrigation and marketing facilities". Justify the statement. ‘

Q 25.

Explain the role of public sector. Suggest any two ways to improve the working of public sector or government.  [CBSE Sept. 2012]
OR
Why is public sector required to provide certain things at reasonable cost ?  [CBSE 2013]
Or
Identify any five activities where the government must spend for the welfare of the people and why. [CBSE 2012]
Or
How far is it correct to say that several services which cannot be provided by private sector, can be provided by the public sector ? Explain. [CBSE 2012]

Q 26.

Who are the people that work in an unorganised sector ? Mention any two social values which you have learnt from the working conditions of unorganised sector.

Q 27.

Why is agriculture an activity of unorganised sector in India ? Explain.  [CBSE 2012]
Or
Agriculture is an activity of unorganized sector in India. Do you agree with this statement ? Justify your answer with suitable examples. [CBSE 2012]

Q 28.

What are the disadvantages of working in an unorganised sector ? Suggest any two ways to protect the workers working in an unorganised sector.
Or
Why is working in an unorganized sector not considered secure ? [CBSE 2013]

Q 29.

Distinguish between final goods and the intermediate goods.

Q 30.

Distinguish between the public and the private sector. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011, 2012]
Or
State any four features of public and private sector. [CBSE 2014]

Q 31.

Distinguish between the organised and the unorganised sector. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2012]

Q 32.

Explain the interdependence of all the three economic sectors giving examples from transportation system. [CBSE 2013]
Or
How are the three sectors of economy interdependent ? Explain with five suitable examples. [CBSE 2012]
Or
Economic activities, though grouped into three different categories, are highly interdependent.' Discuss. [CBSE 2010]